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Overview

Distribution

国西部及西北部山脉--西藏及青海至甘肃南部和陕西南部秦岭海拔3000~5500米的开阔而多岩的高山旷野。越冬至河北、山西、四川南部及云南北部。
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Systems
  • Terrestrial
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Source: IUCN

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Phoenicurus erythrogastrus

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There are 3 barcode sequences available from BOLD and GenBank.

Below is a sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.

See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen and other sequences.

CCTCTACCTAATCTTTGGCGCATGAGCCGGAATAGTAGGCACCGCCCTAAGCCTCCTCATCCGAGCAGAGCTGGGCCAACCCGGCGCCCTACTAGGAGACGACCAAGTCTACAACGTAGTCGTCACAGCCCATGCTTTCGTAATAATCTTCTTCATAGTTATACCAATTATAATCGGAGGATTTGGAAACTGACTAGTTCCCCTAATAATTGGAGCCCCAGACATAGCATTTCCCCGAATAAACAACATAAGTTTCTGGCTCCTTCCCCCATCCTTCCTACTCCTCCTAGCCTCCTCCACCGTCGAAGCAGGAGCGGGAACAGGTTGAACTGTATACCCTCCCCTAGCCGGTAACCTAGCCCATGCCGGAGCTTCAGTAGACCTAGCCATCTTCTCCCTCCACCTAGCAGGCATCTCCTCTATCCTAGGCGCCATCAACTTTATCACCACAGCAATCAACATAAAACCACCTGCCCTCTCACAATACCAAACCCCCCTATTCGTCTGATCCGTCCTAATCACAGCAGTCCTACTCCTCCTATCCCTGCCCGTTCTTGCCGCCGGCATTACCATGCTCCTTACAGACCGTAACCTAAACACCACCTTCTTCGACCCCGCAGGAGGAGGAGACCCTGTACTCTACCAACACCTTTTCTGATTCTTCGGACACCCAGAAGTATACATCTTAATTCTT
-- end --

Download FASTA File

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Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Phoenicurus erythrogastrus

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 3
Specimens with Barcodes: 5
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2012

Assessor/s
BirdLife International

Reviewer/s
Butchart, S. & Symes, A.

Contributor/s

Justification
This species has an extremely large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). The population trend appears to be stable, and hence the species does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
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Source: IUCN

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Population

Population
The global population size has not been quantified, though in Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 2,100-6,000 breeding pairs, equating to 6,300-18,000 individuals (BirdLife International 2004), with Europe forming <5% of the global range. The population in China has been estimated at < c.1,000 wintering individuals (Brazil 2009).

Population Trend
Stable
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Wikipedia

Güldenstädt's redstart

The Güldenstädt's redstart (Phoenicurus erythrogastrus) also sometimes called the white-winged redstart, is a species of bird in the genus Phoenicurus, family Muscicapidae. It is found in the high mountains of southwestern and central Asia in the Caucasus, Karakoram, Pamir, Himalaya, Tian Shan, and Altai, in the countries of Afghanistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bhutan, China, Georgia, India, Iran, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, Nepal, Pakistan, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan.[2]

Female at Tilla Lotani (3,800 m) in Kullu District, Himachal Pradesh, India

It is the largest redstart, 18 cm long and 21–29 g weight. The adult male is black above except for a white crown, a white patch on the wing, and an orange-red tail; below, the throat and upper breast are black, and the rest of the underparts a rich orange-red. The female and immature male are brown above and orange-buff below, with an orange-red tail.[2]

It breeds at high altitudes from 3,600–5,200 m in alpine meadows and rock-fields, moving slightly lower to 1,500–4,800 m in winter where it occurs mainly in subalpine Hippophae scrub; some populations, notably the northernmost in the mountains around Lake Baikal, migrate further, reaching northeastern China. It feeds on fruit and a wide variety of invertebrates.[2]

Taxonomy and relationships[edit]

There are two subspecies:[2]

In plumage and size the male closely resembles the white-capped redstart Chaimarrornis leucocephalus, sharing the black upperparts and white crown, but lacking the white wing patch.[2] Although the white-capped redstart is currently placed in a separate genus Chaimarrornis, this genus is not genetically distinct and is likely to merged into Phoenicurus in the future.[3] Male Güldenstädt's redstarts also show some plumage similarities to the much smaller Moussier's redstart P. moussieri, including the white wing patch, while the females more resemble an outsized common redstart.[2]

The scientific name was usually cited in older texts as Phoenicurus erythrogaster, though this is an error in Latin grammar.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Phoenicurus erythrogastrus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Hoyo, J. del, et al., eds. (2005). Handbook of the Birds of the World, vol. 10. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. p. 773. ISBN 84-87334-72-5. 
  3. ^ Sangster, G., Alström, P., Forsmark, E., & Olsson, U. (2010). Multi-locus phylogenetic analysis of Old World chats and flycatchers reveals extensive paraphyly at family, subfamily and genus level (Aves: Muscicapidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 57: 380–392 Full text
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