Overview

Distribution

Range

Greece to sw Iran; > to central Africa and sw Arabia.

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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Systems
  • Terrestrial
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© International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources

Source: IUCN

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Lanius nubicus

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 3
Species With Barcodes: 1
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© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2012

Assessor/s
BirdLife International

Reviewer/s
Butchart, S. & Symes, A.

Contributor/s

Justification
This species has a very large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). Despite the fact that the population trend appears to be decreasing, the decline is not believed to be sufficiently rapid to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size is very large, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
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© International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources

Source: IUCN

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Status in Egypt

Regular passage visitor and winter visitor?

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© Bibliotheca Alexandrina

Source: Bibliotheca Alexandrina - EOL Ar

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Population

Population
In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 35,000-100,000 breeding pairs, equating to 105,000-300,000 individuals (BirdLife International 2004). Europe forms 50-74% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 142,000-600,000 individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed.

Population Trend
Decreasing
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© International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources

Source: IUCN

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Wikipedia

Masked shrike

The masked shrike ( Lanius nubicus) is a member of the shrike family Laniidae. It breeds in southeastern Europe and the eastern end of the Mediterranean, with a separate population in western Iran. It is a common species in Turkey, Cyprus, Israel and Syria. It is migratory, wintering in northeast Africa. Since this is a short-range migrant, a bird in Scotland in October 2004 was a remarkable example of vagrancy, though a second British record occurred on St. Mary's in the Isles of Scilly in November 2006.[3]

Description[edit]

The male masked shrike is a striking bird, with black and white plumage and orange flanks. This medium-sized passerine is the smallest shrike at 17–18 cm in length. Its upperparts, crown, long tail and wings are mainly black; there are large white patches on the wings which are conspicuous in flight. The face is white except for a broad black line running back from the eye. The rest of the underparts are white with orange flanks. In the female and young birds the upperparts are dark grey rather than black, and the orange flanks are less bright and reduced in extent. The juvenile has heavily vermiculated grey upperparts, and white underparts which are also vermiculated. Masked shrike breeds in open woodland and cultivated country. The nest is built in a tree and 4-7 eggs are laid. The song is a somewhat jagged warble.

Masked shrike eats large insects, small birds, voles and lizards which it impales on thorns or barbed wire as a "larder". It sometimes hunts from prominent perches, like other shrikes, but as often from semi-cover.

Cultural references[edit]

  • In the 1963 movie The Great Escape, a P.O.W. named Colin Blythe, aka 'the forger' (Donald Pleasence) teaches bird identification lessons - in fact to cover his forgering activities. In the scene, there is a drawing of a masked shrike on a blackboard, which Colin describes as "the butcherbird", plumed in "uniform black above, from head to tail". At this point a black-clad prison camp guard is seen entering. Colin continues his description, describing the behaviour of the bird as "unlovable" because it is said to throw its preys on thorn bushes, a clear innuendo to the barbed wires surrounding the camp. The guard comments that he has "better things to do than draw birds", after which Colin continues that the shrike's voice "is a monotonous succession of scratchy, complaining notes."
Female Riyadh, KSA 1992
A female in Israel


References[edit]

  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Lanius nubicus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  2. ^ Tony Harris & Kim Franklin (2000). Shrikes and Bush-Shrikes. Helm. ISBN 0-7136-3861-3. 
  3. ^ Stoddart, Andy; Joyner, Steve (2007). "Masked Shrike, St Mary's - November 1, 2006. First for Scilly and England". Isles of Scilly Bird and Natural History Review 2006: 114–5. 
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Source: Wikipedia

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