The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

  • 1996. database, NODC Taxonomic Code
  • 1998. website, Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource
  • B., Bruun., & S. Baha El Din.   (1985).  Common Birds of Egypt, The American University in Cairo Press, Cairo..  
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes. 2003. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes. 2003. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner. 1987. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada. Resource Publication, no. 166
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner. 1987. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada. Resource Publication, no. 166. 79
  • BirdLife International 2012. Lanius excubitor
  • Bogdanow, Unknown,Zapiski Tmp. Akad Nauk., 188139: 102.
  • Cabanis, Unknown,Journ. f. Orn., 187321: 75.
  • Cade, Tom J. and Eric C. Atkinson. 2002. Northern Shrike (Lanius excubitor), The Birds of North America Online (A. Poole, Ed.). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology; Retrieved from the Birds of North America Online: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/671
  • Cassin, Unknown,Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 18525: 244.
  • Chen Fuguan Luo Shiyou et al., FAUNA SINICA AVES Vol. 9: Passeriformes (BombycillidaePrunellidae).,FAUNA SINICA AVES Vol. 9: Passeriformes (BombycillidaePrunellidae)., 1998.
  • Eversmann, Unknown,Bull. Soc. Imp. Nat. Moscou, 185326: 498.
  • Gill, Frank, and Minturn Wright. 2006. Birds of the World: Recommended English Names
  • Gill, Frank, and Minturn Wright. 2006. Birds of the World: Recommended English Names. ix + 259
  • Great Grey Shrike (Lanius excubitor). The Internet Bird Collection. Lynx Edicions, n.d. Web. 20 July 2012. http://ibc.lynxeds.com/species/great-grey-shrike-lanius-excubitor.
  • John Dunning (2008) CRC Handbook of Avian Body Masses. CRC Press: Boca Raton.
  • John Terres (1980) The Audubon Society Encyclopedia of North American Birds. Knopf: New York.
  • Lanius excubitor. Xeno-canto. Xeno-canto Foundation, n.d. Web. 20 July 2012. http://xeno-canto.org/browse.php?query=Lanius+excubitor.
  • Linnaeus, Unknown,Syst.Nat., 175810(1): 94-94.
  • Menzbier, Unknown,Ibis, 18946(6): 378.
  • Moller (2006) Sociality, age at first reproduction and senescence: comparative analyses of birds. J Evol Biol, 19:682-689.
  • Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 16, 2011 at http://animaldiversity.org. http://www.animaldiversity.org
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2013). ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Sept 12). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/col/. Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Peterson, Roger Tory. Birds of Eastern and Central North America. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1980. Print.
  • Reynolds and Lee (1996) Phylogenetic analysis of avian energetics: passerines and non-passerines do not differ. Am Nat, 147:735–759.
  • Severtzov, Unknown,Str. Feath., 18753: 430.
  • The Birds of North America Online (Online source)   http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/ External link.
  • Zheng Zuoxin, BIRDS OF THE WORLD(Latin, Chinese and English names),BIRDS OF THE WORLD(Latin, Chinese and English names), 1989.
  • eBird Range Map - Northern Shrike. eBird. Cornell Lab of Ornithology, N.d. Web. 20 July 2012. http://ebird.org/ebird/map/norshr.
  • 约翰.马敬能,卡伦.菲利普斯,何芬奇, 中国鸟类野外手册,中国鸟类野外手册, 2000: 1-571.
  • 郑作新, 世界鸟类名称(拉丁文、汉文、英文对照),世界鸟类名称(拉丁文、汉文、英文对照), 1989.
  • 郑光美, 中国鸟类分类与分布名录,中国鸟类分类与分布名录, 2005.
  • 陈服官 罗时有, 《中国动物志》 鸟纲 第九卷 雀形目 太平鸟科—岩鹨科,北京:科学出版社, 1998: 1-284.
  • 陈服官, 罗时有等, 中国动物志. 鸟纲第九卷, 雀形目(太平鸟科岩鹨科),中国动物志. 鸟纲第九卷, 雀形目(太平鸟科岩鹨科), 1998.

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