Overview

Distribution

Range

Coastal e and se Australia.
  • Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2014. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.9. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/

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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Systems
  • Terrestrial
  • Freshwater
  • Marine
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© International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources

Source: IUCN

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Alcedo azurea

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There is 1 barcode sequence available from BOLD and GenBank.

Below is the sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.

See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen.

Other sequences that do not yet meet barcode criteria may also be available.

TTTATACCTAATCTTCGGTGCATGAGCTGGCATAATCGGCACCGCCCTAAGCCTCCTCATCCGCGCAGAATTAGGCCAGCCAGGCACACTTCTAGGAGATGACCAAATCTACAACGTAATTGTCACCGCCCATGCTTTCGTCATAATTTTCTTCATGGTCATACCCATCATAATTGGCGGATTTGGAAACTGACTTGTCCCCCTAATAATCGGGGCCCCAGACATGGCATTTCCCCGCATAAACAACATGAGCTTCTGACTCCTCCCACCATCATTCCTTCTACTCTTAGCCTCCTCTACAGTTGAAGCAGGTGCTGGCACAGGTTGAACCGTATACCCCCCACTAGCCGGCAACCTCGCCCACGCTGGGGCTTCAGTAGACCTAGCTATCTTCTCCCTTCATTTAGCAGGAGTATCATCCATCCTAGGGGCAATTAACTTCATTACAACTGCCACCAACATAAAACCACCAGCCCTCTCCCAATACCAAACCCCACTTTTTGTATGATCCGTATTAATCACCGCCGTACTTCTTCTCCTATCGCTACCAGTCCTTGCTGCCGGCATCACTATACTGCTAACAGACCGTAACCTAAACACCACCTTCTTTGATCCCGCCGGAGGAGGAGATCCAATCCTATACCAACACCTA
-- end --

Download FASTA File

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© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Alcedo azurea

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 1
Specimens with Barcodes: 3
Species With Barcodes: 1
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© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2012

Assessor/s
BirdLife International

Reviewer/s
Butchart, S. & Symes, A.

Contributor/s

Justification
This species has an extremely large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). Despite the fact that the population trend appears to be decreasing, the decline is not believed to be sufficiently rapid to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
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© International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources

Source: IUCN

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Population

Population
The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is described as widespread in the north of its range (del Hoyo et al. 2001).

Population Trend
Decreasing
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Source: IUCN

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Wikipedia

Azure Kingfisher

The azure kingfisher (Alcedo azurea) is a small kingfisher (17–19 centimetres (6.7–7.5 in)), in the river kingfisher family, Alcedinidae. It is found in Northern and Eastern Australia and Tasmania, as well as the lowlands of New Guinea and neighbouring islands, and out to North Maluku and Romang.

It is a very colourful bird, with deep blue to azure back, a large white to buff spot on side of neck and throat, rufous-buff with some blue-violet streaks on breast and flanks. The feet are red with only two forward toes. The lores (the region between the eye and the bill) are white and inconspicuous except in front view, where they stand out as two large white eye-like spots which may have a role in warding off potential predators.

Azure kingfisher showing large white eye-like lores

The subspecies differ only in minor details. ruficollaris is smaller, brighter, and has more blue on the flanks. diemenensis is rather large, short-billed, and has a distinctly darker crown. lessoni is more contrasting, with little blue on the flanks. affinis has a red billtip, as has the smaller yamdenae, and ochrogaster is very pale below. Still, there is very little intergradation in the areas where subspecies meet. Comparing subspecific variation with climate data, the former's pattern does not follow and in some instances runs contrary to Bergmann's Rule and Gloger's Rule (Schodde & Mason, 1976, Woodall, 2001).

The contact zone between the mainland Australian subspecies is along the east coast of Far North Queensland, between Cairns and Princess Charlotte Bay (Schodde & Mason 1976), that of the New Guinea ones between Simbu Province and the northern Huon Peninsula, as well as south of Cenderawasih Bay (Woodall, 2001).

Habitat includes the banks of vegetated creeks, lakes, swamps, tidal estuaries and mangroves. Often difficult to see until it quickly darts from a perch above water. Feeds on freshwater yabbies and small fish. Nest in a chamber up to 1 metre long in an earthen creek bank. 5–7 white, rounded, glossy eggs. Voice is a high-pitched, shrill, 'pseet-pseet'.

References[edit]

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