Overview

Distribution

Range Description

Drepanoptila holosericea is endemic to New Caledonia (to France) where it is common in suitable habitat throughout the main island. Although it is absent from the Loyalty islands, it is present on the Ile des Pins, where it is common (V. Chartendrault and N. Barré in litt. 2007). Recent studies estimate the population to be in the region of 140,000 birds (Ekstrom et al. 2000).

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Range

New Caledonia and Isle of Pines.

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Historic Range:
Southwest Pacific Ocean_New Caledonia

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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
It occupies a wide range of habitats, including primary and secondary humid forest to 1,000 m and Melaleuca savanna(Y. Létocart verbally 1998, Ekstrom et al. 2000, V. Chartendrault and N. Barré in litt. 2007). It appears to prefer humid forest between 400-600 m and to favour the forest edge (V. Chartendrault and N. Barré in litt. 2007, C. Meresse in litt. 2009).


Systems
  • Terrestrial
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
NT
Near Threatened

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2012

Assessor/s
BirdLife International

Reviewer/s
Symes, A. & Butchart, S.

Contributor/s
Barré, N., Chartendrault, V., Létocart, Y., Meresse, C. & Theuerkauf, J.

Justification
This species has been found to be commoner than was once thought, however potential changes in gun cartridge quotas may lead to increased hunting pressure and a moderately rapid population reduction in the next three generations (20 years). It is therefore classified as Near Threatened.

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Current Listing Status Summary

Status: Endangered
Date Listed: 06/02/1970
Lead Region: Foreign (Region 10) 
Where Listed: Entire


Population detail:

Population location: Entire
Listing status: E

For most current information and documents related to the conservation status and management of Drepanoptila holosericea , see its USFWS Species Profile

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Population

Population
Based on an extrapolation of a mean density estimate of 0.354 individuals/ha, calculated from 281 point counts at seven forest sites in 1998, the total population is estimated at over 140,000 individuals.

Population Trend
Unknown
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Threats

Major Threats
Hunting levels are currently very low owing to cartridge quotas which mean that hunters save their ammunition for larger targets, particularly New Caledonian Imperial-pigeon Ducula goliath (V. Chartendrault and N. Barré in litt. 2007, V. Chartendrault in litt. 2009). However, the national legislation for cartridge quotas is under review and includes a proposal to reduce or remove quotas; this may lead to an increase in hunting pressure in the near future (V. Chartendrault in litt. 2009). Although some forest is being lost to fire, logging and mining, this species has declined only very slowly to date, but it may be threatened if hunting levels greatly increase (Ekstrom et al. 2000).

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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
Conservation Actions Underway
It is protected by law, although some hunting still takes place.

Conservation Actions Proposed
Effectively protect lowland forests. Monitor populations in key sites. Intensify awareness campaigns in local communities to enforce the protection of the species. Maintain a quota on cartridges.

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Wikipedia

Cloven-feathered Dove

The cloven-feathered dove (Drepanoptila holosericea) is a species of bird in the Columbidae family. It is monotypic within the genus Drepanoptila, but this genus is possibly better merged into Ptilinopus.[2] The cloven-feathered dove is endemic to New Caledonia where found in forest and Melaleuca savanna at altitudes up to 1,000 m (3,300 ft).[1]

It is considered near-threatened by the IUCN due to habitat degradation and hunting.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Drepanoptila holosericea". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  2. ^ Gibb, G.C., & D. Penny (2010). Two aspects along the continuum of pigeon evolution: A South-Pacific radiation and the relationship of pigeons within Neoaves. Mol Phyl Evol 56(2): 698-706.


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