Overview

Distribution

Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Stipeae Dumort.:
Mexico (Mesoamerica)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO 63110 USA

Source: Missouri Botanical Garden

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

Wikipedia

Stipeae

The Stipeae are a tribe of grasses within the subfamily Pooidae, with up to 600 described species.[1]

Description[edit]

The defining morphological features of the Stipeae include single-flowered spikelets lacking a rachilla extension, and the lemmas (the external bract) have either a sharp point or a terminal awn (long bristle).[2]

Genera[edit]

The tribe includes the genera:

Many species were initially placed into Stipa but have now been split off into new genera. Some recent papers have analysed relationships within and between genera[3][4][5] although a complete analysis has not yet been completed. Stipoid grasses use the C3 (cool season) photosynthetic pathway and live in temperate areas worldwide.[6]

Known fossils date from the late Miocene.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Barkworth ME, Arriaga MO, Smith JF, Jacobs SWL, Valdes-Reyna J, Bushman BS (2008) Molecules and Morphology in South American Stipeae (Poaceae). Systematic Botany 33(4), 719-731.
  2. ^ Cialdella AM, Giussani LM, Aagesen L, Zuloaga FO, Morrone O (2007) A phylogeny of Piptochaetium (Poaceae : Pooideae : Stipeae) and related genera based on a combined analysis including trnL-F, rp116, and morphology. Systematic Botany 32(3), 545-559.
  3. ^ Barber JC, Hames KA, Cialdella AM, Giussani LM, Morrone O (2009) Phylogenetic relationships of Piptochaetium Presl (Poaceae: Stipeae) and related genera reconstructed from nuclear and chloroplast sequence datasets. Taxon 58(2), 375-380.
  4. ^ Jacobs SWL, Bayer R, Everett J, Arriaga MO, Barkworth ME, Sabin-Badereau A, Torres MA, Vazquez FM, Bagnall N (2007) Systematics of the tribe Stipeae (Gramineae) using molecular data. Aliso 23, 349-361.
  5. ^ Jacobs SWL, Everett J, Barkworth ME, Hsiao C (2000) Relationships within the Stipoid grasses (Gramineae). In 'Grass Systematics and Evolution.' (Eds SWL Jacobs and J Everett) pp. 75-82. (CSIRO: Melbourne)
  6. ^ Romaschenko K, Peterson PM, Soreng RJ, Garcia-Jacas N, Futorna O, Susanna A (2008) Molecular phylogenetic analysis of the American Stipeae (Poaceae) resolves Jarava sensu lato polyphyletic: evidence for a new genus, Pappostipa. Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 2(1), 165-192.
  7. ^ Thomasson JR (2005) Berriochloa gabeli and Berriochloa huletti (Gramineae: Stipeae), two new grass species from the late Miocene Ash Hollow Formation of Nebraska and Kansas. J Paleontol 79 (1):185-199
Creative Commons Attribution Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-SA 3.0)

Source: Wikipedia

Unreviewed

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

Disclaimer

EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!