Data about <i>Sterna paradisaea</i>

TraitBank assembles data records from many providers. Select a row for more details about the record, or search within Sterna paradisaea.

Distribution

Data about <i>Sterna paradisaea</i>
Range midpoint latitude
Additional detail 59.23 degrees Symonds and Tattersall, 2010  
  • Geographic distribution
    A description of the geographic distribution, or range, of the taxon. Includes descriptions of global, regional, or political aspects of range and whether the taxon is native or introduced in portions of the range and endemicity.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/ontology/voc/SPMInfoItems#Distribution
Geographic distribution
Additional detail Belgian Exclusive Economic Zone World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail Belgian Exclusive Economic Zone World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail European waters (ERMS scope) World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail Gulf of Maine World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail Gulf of Mexico World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail Iceland World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail Irish Exclusive economic Zone World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail Mozambique World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail New Zealand Exclusive Economic Zone World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail North West Atlantic World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail Northern Hemisphere World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail Polish Exclusive Economic Zone World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail Portuguese Exclusive Economic Zone World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail Sandy Island World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail Somalia World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail South Africa (country) World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail Spanish Exclusive Economic Zone World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail Swedish Exclusive Economic Zone World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail United Kingdom Exclusive Economic Zone World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail Wimereux World Register of Marine Species  
  • Latitude
    The geographic latitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are north of the Equator, negative values are south of it. Legal values lie between -90 and 90, inclusive.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLatitude
Latitude min
Additional detail -76.8 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 76.53 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  
  • Longitude
    The geographic longitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are east of the Greenwich Meridian, negative values are west of it. Legal values lie between -180 and 180, inclusive.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLongitude
Longitude min
Additional detail -128 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 160.44 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  

Physical Description

Data about <i>Sterna paradisaea</i>
Body mass average
Additional detail 100 g Birds Animal Diversity Web  
mean Additional detail 110 g Symonds and Tattersall, 2010  
Additional detail 109.9 g Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
Tarsometatarsus + middle toe length mean
Additional detail 2.9 cm Symonds and Tattersall, 2010  
Bill length mean
Additional detail 3.3 cm Symonds and Tattersall, 2010  
Weight
Additional detail 100 g adult AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Additional detail 13.1 g neonate stage AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  

Ecology

Data about <i>Sterna paradisaea</i>
Habitat
Additional detail freshwater habitat
  • Freshwater habitat
    A habitat that is in or on a body of water containing low concentrations of dissolved salts and other total dissolved solids (<0.5 grams dissolved salts per litre).
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002037
IUCN  
Additional detail marine habitat
  • Marine habitat
    A habitat that is in or on a sea or ocean containing high concentrations of dissolved salts and other total dissolved solids (typically >35 grams dissolved salts per litre).
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000569
IRMNG  
Additional detail marine habitat
  • Marine habitat
    A habitat that is in or on a sea or ocean containing high concentrations of dissolved salts and other total dissolved solids (typically >35 grams dissolved salts per litre).
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000569
IUCN  
Additional detail terrestrial habitat
  • Terrestrial habitat
    A habitat that is on or at the boundary of the surface of the Earth.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002009
IUCN  
Habitat
Additional detail animal habitation
  • Animal habitation
    The dwelling of an animal or group of similar animals.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005803
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail archipelago
  • Archipelago
    A group of geographically or geologically associated islands.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000220
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail bay Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail biome
  • Biome
    A major class of ecologically similar communities of plants, animals, and other organisms. Biomes are defined based on factors such as plant structures (such as trees, shrubs, and grasses), leaf types (such as broadleaf and needleleaf), plant spacing (forest, woodland, savanna), and other factors like climate. Unlike ecozones, biomes are not defined by genetic, taxonomic, or historical similarities. Biomes are often identified with particular patterns of ecological succession and climax vegetation.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000428
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail contaminated sediment Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail continental shelf
  • Continental shelf
    The extended perimeter of each continent, which is covered during interglacial periods such as the current epoch by relatively shallow sea.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000223
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail estuary
  • Estuary
    A semi-enclosed coastal body of water with one or more rivers or streams flowing into it, and with a free connection to the open sea.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000045
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail fish farm
  • Fish farm
    A facility in which fish are raised commercially in tanks or enclosures, usually for food.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000294
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail forest
  • Forest
    An area with a high density of trees. A small forest may be called a wood.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000111
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail fresh water Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail gravel
  • Gravel
    Gravel is an environmental material which is composed of pieces of rock that are at least two millimeters (2mm) in its largest dimension and no more than 75 millimeters.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000018
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail heath
  • Heath
    An upland moor or sandy area dominated by low shrubby vegetation including heather.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000107
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail ice sheet
  • Ice sheet
    A mass of glacier ice that covers surrounding terrain and is greater than 50,000 km2.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000132
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail iceberg
  • Iceberg
    A large mass of detached land ice in the sea or stranded in shallow water.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000298
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail island
  • Island
    Area of dry or relatively dry land surrounded by water or low wetland.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000098
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail marine habitat
  • Marine habitat
    A habitat that is in or on a sea or ocean containing high concentrations of dissolved salts and other total dissolved solids (typically >35 grams dissolved salts per litre).
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000569
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail marsh
  • Marsh
    A wetland, featuring grasses, rushes, reeds, typhas, sedges, and other herbaceous plants (possibly with low-growing woody plants) in a context of shallow water.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000035
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail peatland
  • Peatland
    A wetland type that accumulates acidic peat, a deposit of dead plant material.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000044
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail pelagic zone Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail peninsula
  • Peninsula
    A body of land jutting out into and nearly surrounded by water.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000305
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail pond
  • Pond
    A body of water, usually of smaller size than a lake.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000033
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail reef
  • Reef
    A ridge of rocks, lying near the surface of the sea, which may be visible at low tide, but is usually covered by water.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000130
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail sand
  • Sand
    A naturally occurring granular material composed of finely divided rock and mineral particles.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000017
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail sandy beach Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail sea
  • Sea
    A large expanse of saline water usually connected with an ocean.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000016
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail shingle beach
  • Shingle beach
    A beach which is armoured with pebbles or small to medium sized cobbles.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000545
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail shoreline
  • Shoreline
    The line of contact between a body of water and the land.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000486
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail sound
  • Sound
    A large sea or ocean inlet larger than a bay, deeper than a bight, wider than a fjord, or it may identify a narrow sea or ocean channel between two bodies of land.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000393
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail surface water Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail swamp
  • Swamp
    A wetland that features permanent inundation of large areas of land by shallow bodies of water, generally with a substantial number of hummocks, or dry-land protrusions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000233
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail temperate Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail tundra
  • Tundra
    Treeless, level, or gently rolling plains characteristic of arctic or subarctic regions, having a permanently frozen subsoil, and usually supporting low growing vegetation such as lichens, mosses, and stunted shrubs.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000112
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail woodland Environments - EOL project  
Foraging Habitat
Additional detail freshwater habitat
  • Freshwater habitat
    A habitat that is in or on a body of water containing low concentrations of dissolved salts and other total dissolved solids (<0.5 grams dissolved salts per litre).
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002037
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
Primary Diet
Additional detail preys upon or scavenges vertebrates adult Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
  • Interacts with
    an organism has an effect on another organism in the community.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/interactsWith
Interacts with
Additional detail Atlantic Herring GloBI  
Additional detail European Eel GloBI  
Additional detail Lesser Sand-eel GloBI  
Additional detail Sprat GloBI  
Feeds on
Additional detail Antarctic Jonasfish GloBI  
Additional detail Antarctic Lanternfish GloBI  
Additional detail Anuropus GloBI  
Additional detail Atlantic Herring GloBI  
Additional detail Atlantic Herring GloBI  
Additional detail Bolin’s Lanternfish GloBI  
Additional detail Brauer’s Lanternfish GloBI  
Additional detail Carlsberg's Lanternfish GloBI  
Additional detail Cyllopus lucasii GloBI  
Additional detail Cyphocaris GloBI  
Additional detail Euphausia frigida GloBI  
Additional detail European Eel GloBI  
Additional detail European Eel GloBI  
Additional detail Eurythenes gryllus GloBI  
Additional detail Galiteuthis glacialis GloBI  
Additional detail Gigantocypris muelleri GloBI  
Additional detail Glacial Squid GloBI  
Additional detail Gnathophausia GloBI  
Additional detail Gonate Squid GloBI  
Additional detail Gymnoscopelus opisthopterus GloBI  
Additional detail Hooked Squid GloBI  
Additional detail Krill GloBI  
Additional detail Lesser Sand-eel GloBI  
Additional detail Lesser Sand-eel GloBI  
Additional detail Nichols&#39;s Lanternfish GloBI  
Additional detail Pasiphaea scotiae GloBI  
Additional detail Pteropods GloBI  
Additional detail Ray-finned Fishes GloBI  
Additional detail Salpa thompsoni GloBI  
Additional detail Sprat GloBI  
Additional detail Sprat GloBI  
Additional detail Thysanoessa macrura GloBI  
Additional detail Unidentified GloBI  
Additional detail Vibilia antarctica GloBI  
Temperature at range midpoint latitude min
Additional detail 12.27 degrees Celsius Symonds and Tattersall, 2010  
  • Interacts with
    an organism has an effect on another organism in the community.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/interactsWithreverse
Interacts with
Additional detail Arctic Tern GloBI  
Additional detail Arctic Tern GloBI  
Additional detail Atlantic Herring GloBI  
Additional detail European Eel GloBI  
Additional detail Lesser Sand-eel GloBI  
Additional detail Parasitic Jaeger GloBI  
Additional detail Sockeye Salmon GloBI  
Additional detail Sprat GloBI  
Water nitrate concentration min
Additional detail 0.028 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 29.86 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
Water temperature min
Additional detail -1.77 degrees Celsius OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 28.04 degrees Celsius OBIS Environmental Information  
Water silicate concentration min
Additional detail 0.62 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 103.96 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
Water phosphate concentration min
Additional detail 0.026 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 2.18 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
Water dissolved O2 concentration min
Additional detail 4.56 mL/L OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 9.06 mL/L OBIS Environmental Information  
Water O2 saturation max
Additional detail 109.13 percent OBIS Environmental Information  
min Additional detail 77.35 percent OBIS Environmental Information  
Water salinity max
Additional detail 37.38 PSU OBIS Environmental Information  
min Additional detail 6.43 PSU OBIS Environmental Information  

Life History and Behavior

Data about <i>Sterna paradisaea</i>
Nest type
Additional detail open cup Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
Developmental Mode
Additional detail semiprecocial
  • Semiprecocial
    Parent(s) provide food but not thermoregulation (e.g., gulls and terns).
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/semiprecocial
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
Foraging time
Additional detail diurnal Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
Parental care
Additional detail pair provides care
  • Pair provides care
    Both parents feed and nurture offspring.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/parentalCarePair
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
Clutch/brood/litter size
Additional detail 2 AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Log10 productivity
Additional detail -0.365 Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
Litters per year
Additional detail 1 per year AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Total life span max
Additional detail 34 years AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Onset of fertility
Additional detail 3.0 years female AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Additional detail 3.0 years male AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Growth rate
Additional detail 0.27 per day AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
  • Prenatal development duration
    The duration of the development from fertilized, deposited or implanted egg to hatching/birth. Corresponds to egg incubation duration in oviparous animals and to gestation period duration in viviparous animals.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PrenatalDevelopmentDuration
Prenatal development duration
Additional detail 21 days AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  

Conservation

Data about <i>Sterna paradisaea</i>
Population trend
Additional detail Decreasing IUCN  
Extinction status
Additional detail extant IRMNG  

Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Data about <i>Sterna paradisaea</i>
Conservation status
Additional detail least concern
  • Least concern
    A taxon is Least Concern when it has been evaluated against the criteria and does not qualify for Critically Endangered, Endangered, Vulnerable or Near Threatened. Widespread and abundant taxa are included in this category.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/leastConcern
IUCN  

Other

Data about <i>Sterna paradisaea</i>
Migratorystatus
Additional detail migratory
  • Migratory
    Makes seasonal movements between breeding and wintering grounds
    http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#Migratory
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  

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