The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

  • 1. IUCN Red List (June, 2008) http://www.iucnredlist.orghttp://www.iucnredlist.org External link.
  • 1996. database, NODC Taxonomic Code
  • 2. del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A. and Sargatal, J. (1992) Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Ostrich to Ducks. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
  • 2010. "Pygoscelis Papau" (On-line). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Accessed October 23, 2010 at http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/details/144800/0.
  • 2011. IOC World Bird List, Master List v2.9
  • 2011. Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource, 2011.02.08
  • 3. Williams, T.D. (1995) Bird Families of the World: The Penguins. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • 4. British Antarctic Survey (June, 2008) http://www.antarctica.ac.uk/about_antarctica/wildlife/birds/penguins/gentoo.phphttp://www.antarctica.ac.uk/about_antarctica/wildlife/birds/penguins/gentoo.php External link.
  • 5. Woods, R.W. (1975) The Birds of the Falkland Islands. Anthony Nelson, Shropshire, UK.
  • 6. Burnie, D. (2001) Animal. Dorling Kindersley, London.
  • 7. World Database on Protected Areas (July, 2008) http://www.unep-wcmc.org/wdpahttp://www.unep-wcmc.org/wdpa External link.
  • 8. BirdLife International (July, 2008) http://www.birdlife.org/datazone/species/index.html?action=SitHTMDetails.asp&sid=7176&m=0http://www.birdlife.org/datazone/species/index.html?action=SitHTMDetails.asp&sid=7176&m=0 External link.
  • Adams, N., C. Brown. 1983. Diving depths of the gentoo penguin (pygoscelis papua). The Condor, 85: 503-504.
  • Adams, N., N. Klages. 1989. Temporal variation in the diet of the gentoo penguin Pygoscelis papua at sub-antarctic Marion Island. Colonial Waterbirds, 12/1: 30-36.
  • Adriaens, P. (2014). Pygoscelis papua (Forster, 1781). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=225777
  • Araya BM & G Millie. 1991. Guía de campo de las aves de Chile. 4ta ed. Editorial Universitaria, Santiago. 405 p.
  • BirdLife International 2012. Pygoscelis papua
  • Bost, C., P. Jouventin. 1990. Laying asynchrony in gentoo penguins on Crozet Islands: Causes and consequences. Ornis Scandinavica, 21/1: 63-70.
  • Cobley, N., G. Bell. 1998. Weddell seal (Leptonychotes weddellii) feeding on gentoo penguins (Pygoscelis papau). Marine Mammal Science, 14/4: 881-883.
  • Croxall, J., L. Davis. 1999. Penguins: Paradoxes and patterns. Marine Ornithology, 27: 1-12.
  • Cuervo, J., M. Palacios, A. Barbosa. 2009. Beak colouration as a possible sexual ornament in gentoo penguins: Sexual dichromatism and relationship to body condition. Polar Biology, 32/9: 1305-1314.
  • David, Normand, and Michel Gosselin. 2002. The grammatical gender of avian genera. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club, vol. 122, no. 4
  • David, Normand, and Michel Gosselin. 2002. The grammatical gender of avian genera. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club, vol. 122, no. 4. 257-282
  • Dawson C; Vincent JFV; Jeronimides G; Rice G; Forshaw P. 1999. Heat transfer through penguin feathers. Journal of Theoretical Biology. 199: 291-295.
  • Duignan, P. 2001. Disease of penguins. Surveillance, 28/4: 5-11.
  • Emslie, S., N. Karnovsky, W. Trivelpiece. 1995. Avian predation at penguin colonies on King George Island, Antarctica. The Wilson Bulletin, 107/2: 317-327.
  • Foy, Sally; Oxford Scientific Films. 1982. The Grand Design: Form and Colour in Animals. Lingfield, Surrey, U.K.: BLA Publishing Limited for J.M.Dent & Sons Ltd, Aldine House, London. 238 p.
  • Frédérique, D., F. Cézilly, M. Pagel. 1998. Mate fidelity and coloniality in waterbirds: A comparative analysis. Oecologia, 116/3: 433-440.
  • Gailey-Phipps, J. 1978. A world survey of penguins in captivity. International Zoo Yearbook, 18/1: 7-13.
  • Gales, R., B. Green, J. Libke, K. Newgrain, D. Pemberton. 2009. Breeding energetics and food requirements of gentoo penguins (Pygoscelis papua) at Heard and Macquarie Islands. Journal of Zoology, 231/1: 125-139.
  • Gill, Frank, and Minturn Wright. 2006. Birds of the World: Recommended English Names
  • Gill, Frank, and Minturn Wright. 2006. Birds of the World: Recommended English Names. ix + 259
  • Gilpin, D. 2007. Penguins: Lifestyle - Habitat - Feeding - Behavior. New York, NY: Parragon Inc.
  • Johnson, S. 1981. Penguins. Minneapolis, MN: Lerner Publications Co..
  • McMillan, B. 1993. Penguins at Home: Gentoos of Antarctica. New York, NY: Houghton Mifflin Company.
  • Müller-Schwarze, D., C. Müller-Schwarze. 1980. Display rate and speed of nest relief in antarctic Pygoscelid penguins. The Auk, 97/4: 825-831.
  • Naveen, R. 1999. Waiting to Fly. New York, NY: William Morrow & Company.
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2013). ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Sept 12). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/col/. Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Peterson, R. 1979. Penguins. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.
  • Pistorius, P., N. Huin, S. Crofts. 2010. Population change and resilience in gentoo penguins Pygoscelis papua at the Falkland Islands. Marine Ornithology, 38/1: 49-53.
  • Polito, M., W. Trivelpiece. 2008. Transition to independence and evidence of extended parental care in the gentoo penguin (Pygoscelis papua). Marine Biology, 154/2: 231-240.
  • Quintana, R. 2001. Nest-site characteristics of a gentoo penguin Pygoscelis papau colony at Cierva Point, Antarctic Peninsula. Marine Ornithology, 29/2: 109-112.
  • Quintana, R., V. Cirelli. 2000. Breeding dynamics of a gentoo penguin Pygoscelis papau population at Cierva Point, Antarctic Peninsula. Marine Ornithology, 28/1: 29-35.
  • Renner, M., J. Valencia, L. Davis, D. Saez, O. Cifuentes. 1998. Sexing of adult gentoo penguins in Antarctica using morphometrics. Colonial Waterbirds, 21/3: 444-449.
  • Schafer, K. 2000. Penguin Planet: Their World, Our World. Minnetonka: Northwood Press.
  • Spilsbury, R., L. Spilsbury. 2004. A Rookery of Penguins. Chicago, IL: Heinemann Library.
  • Tzvetkov, Y., A. Kril, B. Georgiev, N. Chipev. 1999. Morphology of lesions in the intestinal wall of gentoo penguin, Pygoscelis papau, caused by Parorchites zederi. Bulgarian Anarctic Research, 2: 62-67.
  • Williams, T. 1995. The Penguins: Spheniscidae. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
  • Woehler E.J. (compiler) 2006. Species list prepared for SCAR/IUCN/BirdLife International Workshop on Antarctic Regional Seabird Populations, March 2005, Cambridge, UK.

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