Data about <i>Pygoscelis papua</i>

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Distribution

Data about <i>Pygoscelis papua</i>
Range midpoint latitude
Additional detail 59 degrees Symonds and Tattersall, 2010  
  • Geographic distribution
    A description of the geographic distribution, or range, of the taxon. Includes descriptions of global, regional, or political aspects of range and whether the taxon is native or introduced in portions of the range and endemicity.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/ontology/voc/SPMInfoItems#Distribution
Geographic distribution
Additional detail New Zealand Exclusive Economic Zone World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail Southern Ocean World Register of Marine Species  
  • Latitude
    The geographic latitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are north of the Equator, negative values are south of it. Legal values lie between -90 and 90, inclusive.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLatitude
Latitude max
Additional detail -46.2 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  
min Additional detail -65.2 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  
  • Longitude
    The geographic longitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are east of the Greenwich Meridian, negative values are west of it. Legal values lie between -180 and 180, inclusive.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLongitude
Longitude min
Additional detail -67.5 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 160 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  

Physical Description

Data about <i>Pygoscelis papua</i>
Body length (VT) min
Additional detail 70 cm Birds Animal Diversity Web  
average Additional detail 75 cm Birds Animal Diversity Web  
max Additional detail 95 cm Birds Animal Diversity Web  
Body mass
Additional detail 5.93 kg Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
min Additional detail 4.5 kg Birds Animal Diversity Web  
mean Additional detail 5.5 kg Symonds and Tattersall, 2010  
average Additional detail 6.5 kg Birds Animal Diversity Web  
max Additional detail 8.5 kg Birds Animal Diversity Web  
Wingspan min
Additional detail 22.2 cm Birds Animal Diversity Web  
average Additional detail 23.9 cm Birds Animal Diversity Web  
max Additional detail 25.6 cm Birds Animal Diversity Web  
Dimorphism
Additional detail male larger Birds Animal Diversity Web  
Additional detail none Birds Animal Diversity Web  
Bill length mean
Additional detail 5.38 cm Symonds and Tattersall, 2010  
Weight
Additional detail 5.95 kg adult AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  

Ecology

Data about <i>Pygoscelis papua</i>
Habitat
Additional detail marine habitat
  • Marine habitat
    A habitat that is in or on a sea or ocean containing high concentrations of dissolved salts and other total dissolved solids (typically >35 grams dissolved salts per litre).
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000569
IUCN  
Additional detail terrestrial habitat
  • Terrestrial habitat
    A habitat that is on or at the boundary of the surface of the Earth.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002009
IUCN  
Habitat
Additional detail animal habitation
  • Animal habitation
    The dwelling of an animal or group of similar animals.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005803
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail archipelago
  • Archipelago
    A group of geographically or geologically associated islands.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000220
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail biome
  • Biome
    A major class of ecologically similar communities of plants, animals, and other organisms. Biomes are defined based on factors such as plant structures (such as trees, shrubs, and grasses), leaf types (such as broadleaf and needleleaf), plant spacing (forest, woodland, savanna), and other factors like climate. Unlike ecozones, biomes are not defined by genetic, taxonomic, or historical similarities. Biomes are often identified with particular patterns of ecological succession and climax vegetation.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000428
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail coast
  • Coast
    The general region of indefinite width that extends from the sea inland to the first major change in terrain features.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000303
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail elevation
  • Elevation
    A landform elevated above the surrounding area.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000176
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail island
  • Island
    Area of dry or relatively dry land surrounded by water or low wetland.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000098
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail marine habitat
  • Marine habitat
    A habitat that is in or on a sea or ocean containing high concentrations of dissolved salts and other total dissolved solids (typically >35 grams dissolved salts per litre).
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000569
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail ocean
  • Ocean
    Continuous saline-water bodies that surround the continents and fill the Earth's great depressions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000015
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail pebble
  • Pebble
    A clastic rock with a particle size of 4 to 64 millimeters based on the Krumbein phi scale of sedimentology.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002139
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail peninsula
  • Peninsula
    A body of land jutting out into and nearly surrounded by water.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000305
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail saline water Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail sea
  • Sea
    A large expanse of saline water usually connected with an ocean.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000016
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail shoreline
  • Shoreline
    The line of contact between a body of water and the land.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000486
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail tundra
  • Tundra
    Treeless, level, or gently rolling plains characteristic of arctic or subarctic regions, having a permanently frozen subsoil, and usually supporting low growing vegetation such as lichens, mosses, and stunted shrubs.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000112
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail woodland Environments - EOL project  
Foraging Habitat
Additional detail marine pelagic biome
  • Marine pelagic biome
    The marine pelagic biome (pelagic meaning open sea) is that of the marine water column, from the surface to the greatest depths.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000023
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
Primary Diet
Additional detail eats invertebrates adult Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
Temperature at range midpoint latitude min
Additional detail 1.31 degrees Celsius Symonds and Tattersall, 2010  
Water nitrate concentration max
Additional detail 28.64 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
min Additional detail 8.38 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
Water temperature min
Additional detail -1.35 degrees Celsius OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 9.65 degrees Celsius OBIS Environmental Information  
Water silicate concentration min
Additional detail 2.88 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 89.47 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
Water phosphate concentration min
Additional detail 1.26 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 1.98 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
Water dissolved O2 concentration min
Additional detail 6.23 mL/L OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 8.19 mL/L OBIS Environmental Information  
Water O2 saturation max
Additional detail 102.12 percent OBIS Environmental Information  
min Additional detail 92.63 percent OBIS Environmental Information  
Water salinity min
Additional detail 32.64 PSU OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 34.15 PSU OBIS Environmental Information  

Life History and Behavior

Data about <i>Pygoscelis papua</i>
Nest type
Additional detail open cup Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
Developmental Mode
Additional detail semiprecocial
  • Semiprecocial
    Parent(s) provide food but not thermoregulation (e.g., gulls and terns).
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/semiprecocial
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
Foraging time
Additional detail diurnal Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
Parental care
Additional detail pair provides care
  • Pair provides care
    Both parents feed and nurture offspring.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/parentalCarePair
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
Clutch/brood/litter size
Additional detail 2 AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Log10 productivity
Additional detail -1.33 Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
Onset of fertility
Additional detail 2.0 years female AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Additional detail 2.0 years male AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  

Conservation

Data about <i>Pygoscelis papua</i>
Iucn red list category
Additional detail near threatened
  • Near threatened
    A taxon is Near Threatened when it has been evaluated against the criteria but does not qualify for Critically Endangered, Endangered or Vulnerable now, but is close to qualifying for or is likely to qualify for a threatened category in the near future.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/nearThreatened
IUCN  
Population trend
Additional detail Decreasing IUCN  

Other

Data about <i>Pygoscelis papua</i>
Migratorystatus
Additional detail migratory
  • Migratory
    Makes seasonal movements between breeding and wintering grounds
    http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#Migratory
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  

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