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Data about <i>Pygoscelis adeliae</i>

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Distribution

 
range midpoint latitude
Additional detail
69.5 degrees
Symonds and Tattersall, 2010  
 
latitude min
  • latitude
    The geographic latitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are north of the Equator, negative values are south of it. Legal values lie between -90 and 90, inclusive.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLatitude
Additional detail
-63.4 degrees
OBIS Environmental Information  
Additional detail
-77.6 degrees
OBIS Environmental Information  
Additional detail
-24.1 degrees
OBIS Environmental Information  
Additional detail
-63.4 degrees
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
longitude min
  • longitude
    The geographic longitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are east of the Greenwich Meridian, negative values are west of it. Legal values lie between -180 and 180, inclusive.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLongitude
Additional detail
-180 degrees
OBIS Environmental Information  
Additional detail
-57 degrees
OBIS Environmental Information  
Additional detail
-57 degrees
OBIS Environmental Information  
Additional detail
180.0 degrees
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
geographic distribution includes
Additional detail
New Zealand Exclusive Economic Zone
World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail
Southern Ocean
World Register of Marine Species  

Physical Description

 
body length (VT) average
Additional detail
69.85 cm
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
 
body mass mean
Additional detail
4,700 g
Symonds and Tattersall, 2010  
Additional detail
4,300 g
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
Additional detail
3,620 g
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
Additional detail
4,990 g
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
Additional detail
3.69 log10 grams
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
sexual dimorphism
  • sexual dimorphism
    Sexual dimorphism is a phenotypic difference between males and females of the same species. The prototypical example is for differences in characteristics of reproductive organs. Other possible examples are for secondary sex characteristics, body size and morphology, ornamentation and behavior.
    http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#Dimorphism
Additional detail
none
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
 
middle toe length mean
Additional detail
71.5 mm
Symonds and Tattersall, 2010  
 
bill length mean
Additional detail
33.4 mm
Symonds and Tattersall, 2010  

Ecology

 
habitat
Additional detail
animal habitation
  • animal habitation
    The dwelling of an animal or group of similar animals.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005803
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
aquatic habitat
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
beach
  • beach
    A landform consisting of loose rock particles such as sand, gravel, shingle, pebbles, cobble, or even shell fragments along the shoreline of a body of water.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000091
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
coast
  • coast
    The general region of indefinite width that extends from the sea inland to the first major change in terrain features.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000303
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
coast
  • coast
    The general region of indefinite width that extends from the sea inland to the first major change in terrain features.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000303
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
coast
  • coast
    The general region of indefinite width that extends from the sea inland to the first major change in terrain features.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000303
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
coast
  • coast
    The general region of indefinite width that extends from the sea inland to the first major change in terrain features.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000303
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
cold temperature habitat
  • cold temperature habitat
    A biome characterized by an average temperature of 15deg C or lower. Inhabited by psychrophilic (cryophilic) organisms.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002026
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
ice sheet
  • ice sheet
    A mass of glacier ice that covers surrounding terrain and is greater than 50,000 km2.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000132
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
iceberg
  • iceberg
    A large mass of detached land ice in the sea or stranded in shallow water.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000298
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
iceberg
  • iceberg
    A large mass of detached land ice in the sea or stranded in shallow water.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000298
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
island
  • island
    Area of dry or relatively dry land surrounded by water or low wetland.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000098
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
marine biome
  • marine biome
    An aquatic biome that comprises systems of open-ocean and unprotected coastal habitats, characterized by exposure to wave action, tidal fluctuation, and ocean currents as well as systems that largely resemble these. Water in the marine biome is generally within the salinity range of seawater: 30 to 38 ppt.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000447
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
ocean
  • ocean
    Continuous saline-water bodies that surround the continents and fill the Earth's great depressions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000015
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
pebble
  • pebble
    A clastic rock with a particle size of 4 to 64 millimeters based on the Krumbein phi scale of sedimentology.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002139
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
peninsula
  • peninsula
    A body of land jutting out into and nearly surrounded by water.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000305
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
saline water
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
sea
  • sea
    A large expanse of saline water usually connected with an ocean.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000016
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
sea
  • sea
    A large expanse of saline water usually connected with an ocean.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000016
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
sea
  • sea
    A large expanse of saline water usually connected with an ocean.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000016
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
sea ice
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
shore
  • shore
    That part of the land in immediate contact with a body of water including the area between high and low water lines.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000304
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
shoreline
  • shoreline
    The line of contact between a body of water and the land.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000486
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
terrestrial biome
  • terrestrial biome
    A biome that applies to the terrestrial realm.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000446
Environments - EOL project  
 
foraging habitat
Additional detail
marine pelagic biome
  • marine pelagic biome
    The marine pelagic biome (pelagic meaning open sea) is that of the marine water column, from the surface to the greatest depths.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000023
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
primary diet
Additional detail
eats invertebrates adult
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
temperature at range midpoint latitude min
Additional detail
-8.94 degrees Celsius
Symonds and Tattersall, 2010  
 
water nitrate concentration min
Additional detail
15.06 µmol/L
OBIS Environmental Information  
Additional detail
30.5 µmol/L
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
water temperature min
Additional detail
-1.75 degrees Celsius
OBIS Environmental Information  
Additional detail
0.26 degrees Celsius
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
water silicate concentration min
Additional detail
21.23 µmol/L
OBIS Environmental Information  
Additional detail
89.47 µmol/L
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
water phosphate concentration min
Additional detail
1.23 µmol/L
OBIS Environmental Information  
Additional detail
2.13 µmol/L
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
water dissolved O2 concentration min
Additional detail
7.21 mL/L
OBIS Environmental Information  
Additional detail
8.23 mL/L
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
water O2 saturation min
Additional detail
85.45 percent
OBIS Environmental Information  
Additional detail
102.81 percent
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
water salinity min
Additional detail
33.54 PSU
OBIS Environmental Information  
Additional detail
34.44 PSU
OBIS Environmental Information  

Life History and Behavior

 
nest type
Additional detail
open cup
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
developmental mode
Additional detail
semiprecocial
  • semiprecocial
    Parent(s) provide food but not thermoregulation (e.g., gulls and terns).
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/semiprecocial
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
foraging time
Additional detail
diurnal
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
parental care
Additional detail
pair provides care
  • pair provides care
    Both parents feed and nurture offspring.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/parentalCarePair
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
log10 productivity
Additional detail
-1.32
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
migratory status
Additional detail
migratory
  • migratory
    Makes seasonal movements between breeding and wintering grounds
    http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#Migratory
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  

Conservation

 
extinction status
Additional detail
extant
Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology  

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