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The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • 1996. database, NODC Taxonomic Code
  • 2011. Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource, 2011.02.08
  • 2011. IOC World Bird List, Master List v2.9
  • Ainley, D. 2002. The Adelie Penguin: Bellwether of Climate Change. New York: Columbia University Press.
  • Ainley, D. G. 2002. The Adélie Penguin: Bellwether of Climate Change. Columbia University Press, New York, Chichester.
  • Ainley, D. G., R. E. LeResche, and W. J. L. Sladen. 1983. Breeding Biology of the Adélie Penguin. University of California Press, Berkeley.
  • Ainley, D., C. Ribic, G. Ballard, S. Heath, I. Gaffney, B. Karl, K. Barton, P. Wilson, S. Webb. 2004. Geographic Structre of Adelie Penguin Populations: Overlap in Colony-specific Foraging Areas. Ecological Monographs, 74.1: 159-170.
  • Alten, M. 1997. Penguin Parenting: Adelie penguins reunite for their annual breeding rituals. Animals, 130: 20-23.
  • Araya BM & G Millie. 1991. Guía de campo de las aves de Chile. 4ta ed. Editorial Universitaria, Santiago. 405 p.
  • Ballard, G., Toniolo V., Ainley D. G., Parkinson C. L., Arrigo K. R., & Trathan P. N. (2010). Responding to climate change: Adélie Penguins confront astronomical and ocean boundaries. Ecology. 91, 2056-2069.
  • Berger, C. 2004. Sphenisciformes (Penguins). Pp. 147-158 in M Hutchins, D Thoney, M McDade, eds. Grzimek's Animal Life encyclopedia, Vol. 8, 2 Edition. Detroit: Gale Virtual Reference Library. Accessed September 21, 2007 at¤tPosition=1&userGroupName=viva_radford&docId=CX3406700515&docType=EBKS&contentSet=EBKS.
  • BirdLife International 2012. Pygoscelis adeliae
  • Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2014. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.9. Downloaded from
  • Cotype: Peale. 1848. U.S. Exploring Expedition. 8 (mamm. and orn.): 261, pl. lxx, fig. 2.
  • Dunn, M. J., Silk J. R. D., & Trathan P. N. (2011). Post-breeding dispersal of Adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) nesting at Signy Island, South Orkney Islands. Polar Biology. 34, 205-214.
  • George, A. 2002. Go with the floe: Adelie penguins can't survive without ice. But you can have too much of a good thing. New Scientist, Dec 21, 2002: 36-40.
  • Gill, Frank, and Minturn Wright. 2006. Birds of the World: Recommended English Names
  • Gill, Frank, and Minturn Wright. 2006. Birds of the World: Recommended English Names. ix + 259
  • Glausiusz, J. 2007. The Beacon Bird of Climate Change. Discover, 28.4: 14.
  • Grossman, D. 2003. On thin ice: Adelie penguins are proving to be Antarctica's most sensitive indicators of climate shifts. Their falling population portends a multitude of changes that will reverberate throughout the region. Audubon, 105.4: 78-83.
  • Lambert, D. M., P. A. Ritchie, C. D. Millar, B. Holland, A. J. Drummond, and C. Baroni. 2002. Rates of Evolution in Ancient DNA from Adélie Penguins. Science 295(5563):2197.
  • Martínez, I. (1992). Family Spheniscidae (Penguins). (delHoyoJ., ElliottA., SargatalJ., Ed.).Handbook of the Birds of the World, Volume 1.. 1, 139-160. Barcelona, Spain: Lynx Edicions.
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2015). ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Mar 2015). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Richdale, L. 1951. Sexual Behavior in Penguins. Lawerence, Kansas: University of Kansas Press.
  • Ritchie, P.A., C.D. Millar, G.C. Gibb, C. Baroni and D.M. Lambert. 2004. Ancient DNA enables timing of the pleistocene origin and holocene expansion of two Adelie Penguin lineages in Antarctica. Mol. Biol. Evol. 21 :240–248.
  • Roy, T. 2000. Caught In A Melting World - Adelie penguins may be the canaries in the coal mines of global warming. International wildlife, NA: NA. Accessed September 20, 2007 at


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