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Data about <i>Pygoscelis adeliae</i>

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Distribution

Data about <i>Pygoscelis adeliae</i>
range midpoint latitude
Additional detail 69.5 degrees Symonds and Tattersall, 2010  
  • latitude
    The geographic latitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are north of the Equator, negative values are south of it. Legal values lie between -90 and 90, inclusive.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLatitude
latitude min
Additional detail -63.4 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  
min Additional detail -77.6 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail -24.1 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail -63.4 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  
  • longitude
    The geographic longitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are east of the Greenwich Meridian, negative values are west of it. Legal values lie between -180 and 180, inclusive.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLongitude
longitude min
Additional detail -180 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  
min Additional detail -57 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail -57 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 180.0 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  
geographic distribution includes
Additional detail New Zealand Exclusive Economic Zone World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail Southern Ocean World Register of Marine Species  

Physical Description

Data about <i>Pygoscelis adeliae</i>
body length (VT) average
Additional detail 69.85 cm Birds Animal Diversity Web  
body mass mean
Additional detail 4.7 kg Symonds and Tattersall, 2010  
average Additional detail 4.3 kg Birds Animal Diversity Web  
min Additional detail 3.62 kg Birds Animal Diversity Web  
Additional detail 4.85 kg Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
max Additional detail 4.99 kg Birds Animal Diversity Web  
  • sexual dimorphism
    Sexual dimorphism is a phenotypic difference between males and females of the same species. The prototypical example is for differences in characteristics of reproductive organs. Other possible examples are for secondary sex characteristics, body size and morphology, ornamentation and behavior.
    http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#Dimorphism
sexual dimorphism
Additional detail none Birds Animal Diversity Web  
middle toe length mean
Additional detail 7.15 cm Symonds and Tattersall, 2010  
bill length mean
Additional detail 3.34 cm Symonds and Tattersall, 2010  

Ecology

Data about <i>Pygoscelis adeliae</i>
habitat
Additional detail animal habitation
  • animal habitation
    The dwelling of an animal or group of similar animals.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005803
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail aquatic habitat Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail beach
  • beach
    A landform consisting of loose rock particles such as sand, gravel, shingle, pebbles, cobble, or even shell fragments along the shoreline of a body of water.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000091
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail coast
  • coast
    The general region of indefinite width that extends from the sea inland to the first major change in terrain features.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000303
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail coast
  • coast
    The general region of indefinite width that extends from the sea inland to the first major change in terrain features.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000303
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail coast
  • coast
    The general region of indefinite width that extends from the sea inland to the first major change in terrain features.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000303
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail coast
  • coast
    The general region of indefinite width that extends from the sea inland to the first major change in terrain features.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000303
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail cold temperature habitat
  • cold temperature habitat
    A biome characterized by an average temperature of 15deg C or lower. Inhabited by psychrophilic (cryophilic) organisms.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002026
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail ice sheet
  • ice sheet
    A mass of glacier ice that covers surrounding terrain and is greater than 50,000 km2.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000132
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail iceberg
  • iceberg
    A large mass of detached land ice in the sea or stranded in shallow water.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000298
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail iceberg
  • iceberg
    A large mass of detached land ice in the sea or stranded in shallow water.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000298
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail island
  • island
    Area of dry or relatively dry land surrounded by water or low wetland.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000098
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail marine biome
  • marine biome
    An aquatic biome that comprises systems of open-ocean and unprotected coastal habitats, characterized by exposure to wave action, tidal fluctuation, and ocean currents as well as systems that largely resemble these. Water in the marine biome is generally within the salinity range of seawater: 30 to 38 ppt.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000447
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail marine habitat
  • marine habitat
    A habitat that is in or on a sea or ocean containing high concentrations of dissolved salts and other total dissolved solids (typically >35 grams dissolved salts per litre).
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000569
IUCN  
Additional detail ocean
  • ocean
    Continuous saline-water bodies that surround the continents and fill the Earth's great depressions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000015
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail pebble
  • pebble
    A clastic rock with a particle size of 4 to 64 millimeters based on the Krumbein phi scale of sedimentology.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002139
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail peninsula
  • peninsula
    A body of land jutting out into and nearly surrounded by water.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000305
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail saline water Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail sea
  • sea
    A large expanse of saline water usually connected with an ocean.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000016
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail sea
  • sea
    A large expanse of saline water usually connected with an ocean.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000016
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail sea
  • sea
    A large expanse of saline water usually connected with an ocean.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000016
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail sea ice Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail shore
  • shore
    That part of the land in immediate contact with a body of water including the area between high and low water lines.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000304
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail shoreline
  • shoreline
    The line of contact between a body of water and the land.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000486
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail terrestrial biome
  • terrestrial biome
    A biome that applies to the terrestrial realm.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000446
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail terrestrial habitat
  • terrestrial habitat
    A habitat that is on or at the boundary of the surface of the Earth.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002009
IUCN  
foraging habitat
Additional detail marine pelagic biome
  • marine pelagic biome
    The marine pelagic biome (pelagic meaning open sea) is that of the marine water column, from the surface to the greatest depths.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000023
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
primary diet
Additional detail eats invertebrates adult Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
  • interacts with
    an organism has an effect on another organism in the community.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/interactsWith
interacts with
Additional detail Antarctic Silverfish GloBI  
Additional detail Antarctic Skua GloBI  
Additional detail Chionis GloBI  
Additional detail Cod Icefishes GloBI  
Additional detail Dolphins, Killer Whales, Pilot Whales, and Relatives GloBI  
Additional detail Euphausia GloBI  
Additional detail Euphausiidae GloBI  
Additional detail Hydrurga GloBI  
Additional detail Killer Whale GloBI  
Additional detail Killer Whale GloBI  
Additional detail Krill GloBI  
Additional detail Leopard Seal GloBI  
Additional detail Pleuragramma GloBI  
Additional detail Sheathbills GloBI  
Additional detail Skua GloBI  
Additional detail Skuas GloBI  
Additional detail Snowy Sheathbill GloBI  
Additional detail True Seals GloBI  
  • preys upon
    consumes for energetic or other nutritional needs (object of consumption is an organism)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/preysUpon
preys upon
Additional detail Antarctic Lanternfish GloBI  
Additional detail Cyllopodidae GloBI  
Additional detail Cyllopus GloBI  
Additional detail Cyllopus lucasii GloBI  
Additional detail Electrona GloBI  
Additional detail Euphausia GloBI  
Additional detail Euphausiidae GloBI  
Additional detail Glacial Squid GloBI  
Additional detail Kondakovia GloBI  
Additional detail Krill GloBI  
Additional detail Lanternfishes GloBI  
Additional detail Onychoteuthidae GloBI  
Additional detail Psychroteuthidae GloBI  
Additional detail Psychroteuthis GloBI  
Additional detail Thysanoessa GloBI  
Additional detail Thysanoessa macrura GloBI  
Additional detail Vibilioidea GloBI  
feeds on
Additional detail Abyssorchomene GloBI  
Additional detail Abyssorchomene GloBI  
Additional detail Abyssorchomene rossi GloBI  
Additional detail Abyssorchomene rossi GloBI  
Additional detail Amphipods GloBI  
Additional detail Amphipods GloBI  
Additional detail Amphipods GloBI  
Additional detail Amphipods GloBI  
Additional detail Amphipods GloBI  
Additional detail Antarctic Coastal Krill GloBI  
Additional detail Antarctic Coastal Krill GloBI  
Additional detail Antarctic Coastal Krill GloBI  
Additional detail Antarctic Dragonfishes GloBI  
Additional detail Antarctic Dragonfishes GloBI  
Additional detail Antarctic Jonasfish GloBI  
Additional detail Antarctic Lanternfish GloBI  
Additional detail Antarctic Lanternfish GloBI  
Additional detail Antarctic Silverfish GloBI  
Additional detail Antarctic Silverfish GloBI  
Additional detail Anuropidae GloBI  
Additional detail Anuropus GloBI  
Additional detail Bald Notothen GloBI  
Additional detail Bald Notothen GloBI  
Additional detail Bolin’s Lanternfish GloBI  
Additional detail Brauer’s Lanternfish GloBI  
Additional detail Calliopioidea GloBI  
Additional detail Calliopioidea GloBI  
Additional detail Carlsberg's Lanternfish GloBI  
Additional detail Cheirimedon GloBI  
Additional detail Cheirimedon GloBI  
Additional detail Cheirimedon fougneri GloBI  
Additional detail Cheirimedon solidus GloBI  
Additional detail Chionodraco GloBI  
Additional detail Cod Icefishes GloBI  
Additional detail Cod Icefishes GloBI  
Additional detail Cod Icefishes GloBI  
Additional detail Cranchiidae GloBI  
Additional detail Crocodile Icefishes GloBI  
Additional detail Cyllopodidae GloBI  
Additional detail Cyllopodidae GloBI  
Additional detail Cyllopus GloBI  
Additional detail Cyllopus GloBI  
Additional detail Cyllopus lucasii GloBI  
Additional detail Cyllopus magellanicus GloBI  
Additional detail Cymothooidea GloBI  
Additional detail Cyphocarididae GloBI  
Additional detail Cyphocaris GloBI  
Additional detail Cypridinidae GloBI  
Additional detail Cypridinoidea GloBI  
Additional detail Daggertooth GloBI  
Additional detail Dusky Notothen GloBI  
Additional detail Electrona GloBI  
Additional detail Electrona GloBI  
Additional detail Emerald Rockcod GloBI  
Additional detail Epimeria GloBI  
Additional detail Epimeria walkeri GloBI  
Additional detail Epimeriella GloBI  
Additional detail Epimeriella GloBI  
Additional detail Epimeriella macronyx GloBI  
Additional detail Epimeriella macronyx GloBI  
Additional detail Epimeriidae GloBI  
Additional detail Epimeriidae GloBI  
Additional detail Euphausia GloBI  
Additional detail Euphausia GloBI  
Additional detail Euphausia GloBI  
Additional detail Euphausia GloBI  
Additional detail Euphausia GloBI  
Additional detail Euphausia GloBI  
Additional detail Euphausia GloBI  
Additional detail Euphausia GloBI  
Additional detail Euphausia frigida GloBI  
Additional detail Euphausia frigida GloBI  
Additional detail Euphausiidae GloBI  
Additional detail Euphausiidae GloBI  
Additional detail Euphausiidae GloBI  
Additional detail Euphausiidae GloBI  
Additional detail Euphausiidae GloBI  
Additional detail Euphausiidae GloBI  
Additional detail Euphausiidae GloBI  
Additional detail Euphausiidae GloBI  
Additional detail Eurythenes GloBI  
Additional detail Eurythenes gryllus GloBI  
Additional detail Eusirus GloBI  
Additional detail Eusirus GloBI  
Additional detail Eusirus perdentatus GloBI  
Additional detail Galiteuthis GloBI  
Additional detail Galiteuthis glacialis GloBI  
Additional detail Gigantocypris GloBI  
Additional detail Gigantocypris muelleri GloBI  
Additional detail Glacial Squid GloBI  
Additional detail Glass Shrimps GloBI  
Additional detail Gnathophausia GloBI  
Additional detail Gonate Squid GloBI  
Additional detail Gonatidae GloBI  
Additional detail Gonatus GloBI  
Additional detail Gymnodraco GloBI  
Additional detail Gymnodraco GloBI  
Additional detail Gymnoscopelus GloBI  
Additional detail Gymnoscopelus opisthopterus GloBI  
Additional detail Hooked Squid GloBI  
Additional detail Hyperia GloBI  
Additional detail Hyperia macrocephala GloBI  
Additional detail Hyperiids GloBI  
Additional detail Hyperiids GloBI  
Additional detail Hyperiids GloBI  
Additional detail Hyperoche GloBI  
Additional detail Kondakovia GloBI  
Additional detail Krill GloBI  
Additional detail Krill GloBI  
Additional detail Krill GloBI  
Additional detail Krill GloBI  
Additional detail Krill GloBI  
Additional detail Krill GloBI  
Additional detail Krill GloBI  
Additional detail Lanternfish GloBI  
Additional detail Lanternfishes GloBI  
Additional detail Lanternfishes GloBI  
Additional detail Lanternfishes GloBI  
Additional detail Lophogastridae GloBI  
Additional detail Lysianassoidea GloBI  
Additional detail Lysianassoidea GloBI  
Additional detail Nichols&#39;s Lanternfish GloBI  
Additional detail Norman&#39;s Lanterrnfish GloBI  
Additional detail Notolepis GloBI  
Additional detail Onychoteuthidae GloBI  
Additional detail Pagetopsis GloBI  
Additional detail Pagetopsis macropterus GloBI  
Additional detail Pagothenia GloBI  
Additional detail Pagothenia GloBI  
Additional detail Paramoera GloBI  
Additional detail Paramoera GloBI  
Additional detail Paramoera walkeri GloBI  
Additional detail Paramoera walkeri GloBI  
Additional detail Pasiphaea GloBI  
Additional detail Pasiphaea scotiae GloBI  
Additional detail Pasiphaeoidea GloBI  
Additional detail Phronimoidea GloBI  
Additional detail Phronimoidea GloBI  
Additional detail Phronimoidea GloBI  
Additional detail Pleuragramma GloBI  
Additional detail Pleuragramma GloBI  
Additional detail Ploughfish GloBI  
Additional detail Ploughfish GloBI  
Additional detail Pontogeneiidae GloBI  
Additional detail Pontogeneiidae GloBI  
Additional detail Protomyctophum GloBI  
Additional detail Protomyctophum GloBI  
Additional detail Psychroteuthidae GloBI  
Additional detail Psychroteuthis GloBI  
Additional detail Salpa GloBI  
Additional detail Salpa thompsoni GloBI  
Additional detail Salpidae GloBI  
Additional detail Taoniinae GloBI  
Additional detail Themisto GloBI  
Additional detail Themisto GloBI  
Additional detail Themisto gaudichaudii GloBI  
Additional detail Themisto gaudichaudii GloBI  
Additional detail Thysanoessa GloBI  
Additional detail Thysanoessa macrura GloBI  
Additional detail Tomopteridae GloBI  
Additional detail Tomopteris GloBI  
Additional detail Trematomus GloBI  
Additional detail Trematomus GloBI  
Additional detail Trematomus GloBI  
Additional detail Tryphosinae GloBI  
Additional detail Tryphosinae GloBI  
Additional detail Uristes GloBI  
Additional detail Uristes murrayi GloBI  
Additional detail Uristidae GloBI  
Additional detail Vibilia GloBI  
Additional detail Vibilia antarctica GloBI  
Additional detail Vibiliidae GloBI  
Additional detail Vibilioidea GloBI  
Additional detail Vibilioidea GloBI  
Additional detail Waldeckia GloBI  
Additional detail Waldeckia obesa GloBI  
Additional detail Waldeckiinae GloBI  
  • has parasite
    non-mutual relationship between organisms of different species where one organism, the parasite, benefits at the expense of the other, the host.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/hasParasite
has parasite
Additional detail Austrogoniodes GloBI  
Additional detail Austrogoniodes antarcticus GloBI  
Additional detail Bird Lice GloBI  
Additional detail Dilepididae GloBI  
Additional detail Parorchites GloBI  
Additional detail Parorchites zederi GloBI  
Additional detail Tetrabothrius wrighti GloBI  
temperature at range midpoint latitude min
Additional detail -8.94 degrees Celsius Symonds and Tattersall, 2010  
water nitrate concentration min
Additional detail 15.06 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 30.5 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
water temperature min
Additional detail -1.75 degrees Celsius OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 0.26 degrees Celsius OBIS Environmental Information  
water silicate concentration min
Additional detail 21.23 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 89.47 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
water phosphate concentration min
Additional detail 1.23 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 2.13 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
water dissolved O2 concentration min
Additional detail 7.21 mL/L OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 8.23 mL/L OBIS Environmental Information  
water O2 saturation min
Additional detail 85.45 percent OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 102.81 percent OBIS Environmental Information  
  • has predator
    is consumed for energetic or other nutritional needs (by another organism)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/HasPredator
has predator
Additional detail Antarctic Fur Seal GloBI  
Additional detail Antarctic Skua GloBI  
Additional detail Antarctic Skua GloBI  
Additional detail Antarctic Skua GloBI  
Additional detail Dolphins, Killer Whales, Pilot Whales, and Relatives GloBI  
Additional detail Eared Seals GloBI  
Additional detail Hydrurga GloBI  
Additional detail Hydrurga GloBI  
Additional detail Hydrurga GloBI  
Additional detail Killer Whale GloBI  
Additional detail Killer Whale GloBI  
Additional detail Leopard Seal GloBI  
Additional detail Leopard Seal GloBI  
Additional detail Leopard Seal GloBI  
Additional detail Skua GloBI  
Additional detail Skua GloBI  
Additional detail Skua GloBI  
Additional detail Skuas GloBI  
Additional detail Skuas GloBI  
Additional detail Skuas GloBI  
Additional detail Southern Fur Seals GloBI  
Additional detail True Seals GloBI  
Additional detail True Seals GloBI  
Additional detail True Seals GloBI  
water salinity min
Additional detail 33.54 PSU OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 34.44 PSU OBIS Environmental Information  

Life History and Behavior

Data about <i>Pygoscelis adeliae</i>
nest type
Additional detail open cup Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
developmental mode
Additional detail semiprecocial
  • semiprecocial
    Parent(s) provide food but not thermoregulation (e.g., gulls and terns).
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/semiprecocial
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
foraging time
Additional detail diurnal Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
parental care
Additional detail pair provides care
  • pair provides care
    Both parents feed and nurture offspring.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/parentalCarePair
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
log10 productivity
Additional detail -1.32 Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
migratory status
Additional detail migratory Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  

Conservation

Data about <i>Pygoscelis adeliae</i>
population trend
Additional detail Increasing IUCN  
conservation status
Additional detail near threatened
  • near threatened
    A taxon is Near Threatened when it has been evaluated against the criteria but does not qualify for Critically Endangered, Endangered or Vulnerable now, but is close to qualifying for or is likely to qualify for a threatened category in the near future.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/nearThreatened
IUCN  
extinction status
Additional detail extant Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology  

Database and Repository Coverage

Data about <i>Pygoscelis adeliae</i>
type specimen repository
Additional detail National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution (USNM)
  • National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution (USNM)
    National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution (USNM), Washington, District of Columbia, USA. NMNH and USNM both refer to the National Museum of Natural History. Collections are associated with one or the other acronym. US, the US National Herbarium, is a collection within the National Museum of Natural History. URL for main institutional website: http://www.mnh.si.edu/rc/ URL for institutional specimen catalog: http://collections.mnh.si.edu/
    http://biocol.org/urn:lsid:biocol.org:col:34871
adult, unknown
National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution (USNM)
  • National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution (USNM)
    National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution (USNM), Washington, District of Columbia, USA. NMNH and USNM both refer to the National Museum of Natural History. Collections are associated with one or the other acronym. US, the US National Herbarium, is a collection within the National Museum of Natural History. URL for main institutional website: http://www.mnh.si.edu/rc/ URL for institutional specimen catalog: http://collections.mnh.si.edu/
    http://biocol.org/urn:lsid:biocol.org:col:34871
adult, unknown
National Museum of Natural History Collections  

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