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Data about <i>Pygoscelis adeliae</i>

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Distribution

 
range midpoint latitude
Additional detail
69.5 degrees
Symonds and Tattersall, 2010  
 
latitude min
Additional detail
-63.4 degrees
OBIS Environmental Information  
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-77.6 degrees
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
latitude max
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-24.1 degrees
OBIS Environmental Information  
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-63.4 degrees
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
longitude min
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-180 degrees
OBIS Environmental Information  
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-57 degrees
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
longitude max
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-57 degrees
OBIS Environmental Information  
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180.0 degrees
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
geographic distribution includes
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Antarctia
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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New Zealand Exclusive Economic Zone
World Register of Marine Species  
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Scotia Sea Islands tundra
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Southern Indian Ocean Islands tundra
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Southern Ocean
World Register of Marine Species  
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Southern Ocean
World Register of Marine Species  

Physical Description

 
body length (VT) average
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69.85 cm
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
 
body mass max
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4,700 g female
Avian Mass Data  
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5,000 g male
Avian Mass Data  
 
body mass mean
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4,700 g
Symonds and Tattersall, 2010  
 
body mass average
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4,300 g
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
 
body mass min
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3,620 g
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
 
body mass max
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4,990 g
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
 
body mass
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3.69 log10 grams
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
sexual dimorphism
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none
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
 
middle toe length mean
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71.5 mm
Symonds and Tattersall, 2010  
 
bill length mean
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33.4 mm
Symonds and Tattersall, 2010  

Ecology

 
primary diet
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eats invertebrates adult
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
habitat
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animal habitation
Environments - EOL project  
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aquatic habitat
Environments - EOL project  
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beach
Environments - EOL project  
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coast
Environments - EOL project  
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coast
Environments - EOL project  
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coast
Environments - EOL project  
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coast
Environments - EOL project  
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cold temperature habitat
Environments - EOL project  
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ice sheet
Environments - EOL project  
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iceberg
Environments - EOL project  
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iceberg
Environments - EOL project  
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island
Environments - EOL project  
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marine biome
Environments - EOL project  
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marine habitat
IUCN  
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ocean
Environments - EOL project  
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pebble
Environments - EOL project  
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peninsula
Environments - EOL project  
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saline water
Environments - EOL project  
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sea
Environments - EOL project  
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sea
Environments - EOL project  
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sea
Environments - EOL project  
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sea ice
Environments - EOL project  
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shore
Environments - EOL project  
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shoreline
Environments - EOL project  
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terrestrial biome
Environments - EOL project  
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terrestrial habitat
IUCN  
 
habitat includes
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Tundra
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
 
foraging habitat
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marine pelagic biome
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
interacts with
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preys upon
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feeds on
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temperature at range midpoint latitude min
Additional detail
-8.94 degrees Celsius
Symonds and Tattersall, 2010  
 
water nitrate concentration min
Additional detail
15.06 µmol/L
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
water nitrate concentration max
Additional detail
30.5 µmol/L
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
water temperature min
Additional detail
-1.75 degrees Celsius
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
water temperature max
Additional detail
0.26 degrees Celsius
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
water silicate concentration min
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21.23 µmol/L
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
water silicate concentration max
Additional detail
89.47 µmol/L
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
water phosphate concentration min
Additional detail
1.23 µmol/L
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
water phosphate concentration max
Additional detail
2.13 µmol/L
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
water dissolved O2 concentration min
Additional detail
7.21 mL/L
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
water dissolved O2 concentration max
Additional detail
8.23 mL/L
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
water O2 saturation min
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85.45 percent
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
water O2 saturation max
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102.81 percent
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
water salinity min
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33.54 PSU
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
water salinity max
Additional detail
34.44 PSU
OBIS Environmental Information  

Life History and Behavior

 
nest type
Additional detail
open cup
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
developmental mode
Additional detail
semiprecocial
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
foraging time
Additional detail
diurnal
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
parental care
Additional detail
pair provides care
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
log10 productivity
Additional detail
-1.32
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
migratory status
Additional detail
migratory
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  

Conservation

 
population trend
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Increasing
IUCN  
 
conservation status
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near threatened
IUCN  
 
extinction status
Additional detail
extant
Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology  

Database and Repository Coverage

 
type specimen repository
Additional detail
National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution (USNM) unknown adult
National Museum of Natural History Collections  
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National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution (USNM) unknown adult
National Museum of Natural History Collections  

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