Data about <i>Pygoscelis adeliae</i>

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Distribution

Data about <i>Pygoscelis adeliae</i>
Range midpoint latitude
Additional detail 69.5 degrees Symonds and Tattersall, 2010  
  • Geographic distribution
    A description of the geographic distribution, or range, of the taxon. Includes descriptions of global, regional, or political aspects of range and whether the taxon is native or introduced in portions of the range and endemicity.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/ontology/voc/SPMInfoItems#Distribution
Geographic distribution
Additional detail New Zealand Exclusive Economic Zone World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail Southern Ocean World Register of Marine Species  
  • Latitude
    The geographic latitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are north of the Equator, negative values are south of it. Legal values lie between -90 and 90, inclusive.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLatitude
Latitude max
Additional detail -24.1 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  
min Additional detail -63.4 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail -63.4 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  
min Additional detail -77.6 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  
  • Longitude
    The geographic longitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are east of the Greenwich Meridian, negative values are west of it. Legal values lie between -180 and 180, inclusive.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLongitude
Longitude min
Additional detail -180 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  
min Additional detail -57 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail -57 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 180.0 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  

Physical Description

Data about <i>Pygoscelis adeliae</i>
Body length (VT) average
Additional detail 69.85 cm Birds Animal Diversity Web  
Body mass
Additional detail 4.85 kg Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
min Additional detail 3.62 kg Birds Animal Diversity Web  
average Additional detail 4.3 kg Birds Animal Diversity Web  
mean Additional detail 4.7 kg Symonds and Tattersall, 2010  
max Additional detail 4.99 kg Birds Animal Diversity Web  
Dimorphism
Additional detail none Birds Animal Diversity Web  
Middle toe length mean
Additional detail 7.15 cm Symonds and Tattersall, 2010  
Bill length mean
Additional detail 3.34 cm Symonds and Tattersall, 2010  

Ecology

Data about <i>Pygoscelis adeliae</i>
Habitat
Additional detail marine habitat
  • Marine habitat
    A habitat that is in or on a sea or ocean containing high concentrations of dissolved salts and other total dissolved solids (typically >35 grams dissolved salts per litre).
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000569
IUCN  
Additional detail terrestrial habitat
  • Terrestrial habitat
    A habitat that is on or at the boundary of the surface of the Earth.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002009
IUCN  
Habitat
Additional detail animal habitation
  • Animal habitation
    The dwelling of an animal or group of similar animals.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005803
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail biome
  • Biome
    A major class of ecologically similar communities of plants, animals, and other organisms. Biomes are defined based on factors such as plant structures (such as trees, shrubs, and grasses), leaf types (such as broadleaf and needleleaf), plant spacing (forest, woodland, savanna), and other factors like climate. Unlike ecozones, biomes are not defined by genetic, taxonomic, or historical similarities. Biomes are often identified with particular patterns of ecological succession and climax vegetation.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000428
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail coast
  • Coast
    The general region of indefinite width that extends from the sea inland to the first major change in terrain features.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000303
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail cold temperature habitat
  • Cold temperature habitat
    A biome characterized by an average temperature of 15deg C or lower. Inhabited by psychrophilic (cryophilic) organisms.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002026
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail ice sheet
  • Ice sheet
    A mass of glacier ice that covers surrounding terrain and is greater than 50,000 km2.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000132
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail iceberg
  • Iceberg
    A large mass of detached land ice in the sea or stranded in shallow water.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000298
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail island
  • Island
    Area of dry or relatively dry land surrounded by water or low wetland.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000098
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail marine habitat
  • Marine habitat
    A habitat that is in or on a sea or ocean containing high concentrations of dissolved salts and other total dissolved solids (typically >35 grams dissolved salts per litre).
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000569
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail ocean
  • Ocean
    Continuous saline-water bodies that surround the continents and fill the Earth's great depressions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000015
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail pebble
  • Pebble
    A clastic rock with a particle size of 4 to 64 millimeters based on the Krumbein phi scale of sedimentology.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002139
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail saline water Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail sea
  • Sea
    A large expanse of saline water usually connected with an ocean.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000016
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail sea ice Environments - EOL project  
Foraging Habitat
Additional detail marine pelagic biome
  • Marine pelagic biome
    The marine pelagic biome (pelagic meaning open sea) is that of the marine water column, from the surface to the greatest depths.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000023
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
Primary Diet
Additional detail eats invertebrates adult Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
  • Interacts with
    an organism has an effect on another organism in the community.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/interactsWith
Interacts with
Additional detail Antarctic Silverfish GloBI  
Additional detail Antarctic Skua GloBI  
Additional detail Killer Whale GloBI  
Additional detail Krill GloBI  
Additional detail Leopard Seal GloBI  
Additional detail Pale-faced Sheathbill GloBI  
Feeds on
Additional detail Abyssorchomene rossi GloBI  
Additional detail Abyssorchomene rossi GloBI  
Additional detail Amphipods GloBI  
Additional detail Amphipods GloBI  
Additional detail Amphipods GloBI  
Additional detail Amphipods GloBI  
Additional detail Antarctic Coastal Krill GloBI  
Additional detail Antarctic Coastal Krill GloBI  
Additional detail Antarctic Coastal Krill GloBI  
Additional detail Antarctic Jonasfish GloBI  
Additional detail Antarctic Lanternfish GloBI  
Additional detail Antarctic Lanternfish GloBI  
Additional detail Antarctic Silverfish GloBI  
Additional detail Antarctic Silverfish GloBI  
Additional detail Anuropus GloBI  
Additional detail Bald Notothen GloBI  
Additional detail Bald Notothen GloBI  
Additional detail Bolin’s Lanternfish GloBI  
Additional detail Brauer’s Lanternfish GloBI  
Additional detail Carlsberg's Lanternfish GloBI  
Additional detail Cheirimedon GloBI  
Additional detail Cheirimedon fougneri GloBI  
Additional detail Cheirimedon solidus GloBI  
Additional detail Chionodraco GloBI  
Additional detail Cnidarians GloBI  
Additional detail Cod Icefishes GloBI  
Additional detail Crocodile Icefishes GloBI  
Additional detail Crustaceans GloBI  
Additional detail Crustaceans GloBI  
Additional detail Cyllopus lucasii GloBI  
Additional detail Cyllopus magellanicus GloBI  
Additional detail Cyphocaris GloBI  
Additional detail Decapod Crustaceans GloBI  
Additional detail Dusky Notothen GloBI  
Additional detail Emerald Rockcod GloBI  
Additional detail Epimeria walkeri GloBI  
Additional detail Epimeriella macronyx GloBI  
Additional detail Epimeriella macronyx GloBI  
Additional detail Euphausia GloBI  
Additional detail Euphausia frigida GloBI  
Additional detail Euphausia frigida GloBI  
Additional detail Eurythenes gryllus GloBI  
Additional detail Eusirus GloBI  
Additional detail Eusirus GloBI  
Additional detail Eusirus perdentatus GloBI  
Additional detail Galiteuthis glacialis GloBI  
Additional detail Gigantocypris muelleri GloBI  
Additional detail Glacial Squid GloBI  
Additional detail Gnathophausia GloBI  
Additional detail Gonate Squid GloBI  
Additional detail Gymnoscopelus opisthopterus GloBI  
Additional detail Hooked Squid GloBI  
Additional detail Hyperia macrocephala GloBI  
Additional detail Hyperiids GloBI  
Additional detail Hyperoche GloBI  
Additional detail Isopods GloBI  
Additional detail Krill GloBI  
Additional detail Krill GloBI  
Additional detail Krill GloBI  
Additional detail Krill GloBI  
Additional detail Krill GloBI  
Additional detail Krill GloBI  
Additional detail Krill GloBI  
Additional detail Krill GloBI  
Additional detail Lanternfish GloBI  
Additional detail Lanternfishes GloBI  
Additional detail Mysid Shrimps GloBI  
Additional detail Nichols&#39;s Lanternfish GloBI  
Additional detail Norman&#39;s Lanterrnfish GloBI  
Additional detail Pagetopsis macropterus GloBI  
Additional detail Paramoera walkeri GloBI  
Additional detail Paramoera walkeri GloBI  
Additional detail Pasiphaea scotiae GloBI  
Additional detail Ploughfish GloBI  
Additional detail Ploughfish GloBI  
Additional detail Pteropods GloBI  
Additional detail Pteropods GloBI  
Additional detail Ray-finned Fishes GloBI  
Additional detail Ray-finned Fishes GloBI  
Additional detail Ray-finned Fishes GloBI  
Additional detail Ray-finned Fishes GloBI  
Additional detail Ray-finned Fishes GloBI  
Additional detail Ray-finned Fishes GloBI  
Additional detail Ray-finned Fishes GloBI  
Additional detail Salpa thompsoni GloBI  
Additional detail Sea Cucumbers GloBI  
Additional detail Snails and Slugs GloBI  
Additional detail Squid GloBI  
Additional detail Squid GloBI  
Additional detail Squid GloBI  
Additional detail Themisto gaudichaudii GloBI  
Additional detail Themisto gaudichaudii GloBI  
Additional detail Thysanoessa macrura GloBI  
Additional detail Tomopteris GloBI  
Additional detail Trematomus GloBI  
Additional detail Unidentified GloBI  
Additional detail Unidentified GloBI  
Additional detail Uristes murrayi GloBI  
Additional detail Valvifera GloBI  
Additional detail Vibilia antarctica GloBI  
Additional detail Waldeckia obesa GloBI  
Temperature at range midpoint latitude min
Additional detail -8.94 degrees Celsius Symonds and Tattersall, 2010  
Water nitrate concentration min
Additional detail 15.06 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 30.5 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
Water temperature min
Additional detail -1.75 degrees Celsius OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 0.26 degrees Celsius OBIS Environmental Information  
Water silicate concentration min
Additional detail 21.23 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 89.47 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
Water phosphate concentration min
Additional detail 1.23 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 2.13 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
Water dissolved O2 concentration min
Additional detail 7.21 mL/L OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 8.23 mL/L OBIS Environmental Information  
Water O2 saturation max
Additional detail 102.81 percent OBIS Environmental Information  
min Additional detail 85.45 percent OBIS Environmental Information  
  • Has predator
    is consumed for energetic or other nutritional needs (by another organism)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/HasPredator
Has predator
Additional detail Antarctic Skua GloBI  
Additional detail Antarctic Skua GloBI  
Additional detail Antarctic Skua GloBI  
Additional detail Leopard Seal GloBI  
Additional detail Leopard Seal GloBI  
Additional detail Leopard Seal GloBI  
Water salinity min
Additional detail 33.54 PSU OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 34.44 PSU OBIS Environmental Information  

Life History and Behavior

Data about <i>Pygoscelis adeliae</i>
Nest type
Additional detail open cup Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
Developmental Mode
Additional detail semiprecocial
  • Semiprecocial
    Parent(s) provide food but not thermoregulation (e.g., gulls and terns).
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/semiprecocial
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
Foraging time
Additional detail diurnal Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
Parental care
Additional detail pair provides care
  • Pair provides care
    Both parents feed and nurture offspring.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/parentalCarePair
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
Log10 productivity
Additional detail -1.32 Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  

Conservation

Data about <i>Pygoscelis adeliae</i>
Population trend
Additional detail Increasing IUCN  

Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Data about <i>Pygoscelis adeliae</i>
Conservation status
Additional detail near threatened
  • Near threatened
    A taxon is Near Threatened when it has been evaluated against the criteria but does not qualify for Critically Endangered, Endangered or Vulnerable now, but is close to qualifying for or is likely to qualify for a threatened category in the near future.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/nearThreatened
IUCN  

Other

Data about <i>Pygoscelis adeliae</i>
Migratorystatus
Additional detail migratory
  • Migratory
    Makes seasonal movements between breeding and wintering grounds
    http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#Migratory
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  

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