The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

  • 2011. IOC World Bird List, Master List v2.9
  • 2011. Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource, 2011.04.02
  • 2011. AOU Check-List (08-2011)
  • Adriaens, P. (2013). Larus atricilla Linnaeus, 1758. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=159074
  • American Ornithologists's Union. 1998. Check-List of North American Birds (The Species of Birds of North America from the Arctic through Panama, Including the West Indies and Hawaiian Islands). 7th.ed.. Allen Press, Inc., Lawrence, Kansas, U.S.A..
  • Arnold, O., W. Golder. 1997. "Laughing Gull" (On-line). Accessed December 19, 2000 at http://www.ncaudubon.org/wb_02.html.
  • BBL - Longevity Records of North American Birds (Online source)   http://www.pwrc.usgs.gov/BBL/homepage/longvrec.htm External link.
  • BirdLife International 2012. Larus atricilla
  • Burger, Joanna. 1996. Laughing Gull (Leucophaeus atricilla), The Birds of North America Online (A. Poole, Ed.). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology; Retrieved from the Birds of North America Online: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/225
  • C. Linnaeus. 1758. Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, secundum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Synonymis, Locis. Tomus I. Laurentii Salvii, Holmiae (Stockholm)
  • Christian RR, Luczkovich JJ (1999) Organizing and understanding a winter’s seagrass foodweb network through effective trophic levels. Ecol Model 117:99–124
  • Delgado, R.; R.G. Campos; J. Sánchez y Ch. Gómez. 1998. Lista de Aves de Costa Rica/ Checklist of Costa Rican Birds. ASOCIACION ORNITOLOGICA DE COSTA RICA. San José. Costa Rica. 28 p..
  • Elizondo, L.H. 1992. Especies de Aves Migratorias Neárticas en Costa Rica. Base de Datos de Biodiversidad, Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad (INBio). Santo Domingo, Heredia. Costa Rica. 6 p. (mimeografiado).
  • Honolulu Zoo, 2000. "Laughing Gull" (On-line). Accessed December, 10, 2000 at http://www.honoluluzoo.org/laughing_gull.htm.
  • Larus atricilla. Xeno-canto. Xeno-canto Foundation, n.d. Web. 20 July 2012. http://xeno-canto.org/browse.php?query=Larus+atricilla.
  • Laughing Gull (Larus atricilla). The Internet Bird Collection. Lynx Edicions, n.d. Web. 20 July 2012. http://ibc.lynxeds.com/species/laughing-gull-larus-atricilla.
  • Lewis, T.J. & F.G. Stiles.1980. Locational checklist of the birds of Costa Rica. Costa Rica Expeditions. San José, Costa Rica.
  • Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp.   http://www.marinespecies.org/echinoidea/aphia.php?p=sourcedetails&id=8 External link.
  • Mittelbach, M., M. Crewsdon. 1997. "Airport '97: The strange nature of JFK" (On-line). Accessed December 10, 2000 at http://www.word.com/place/airport97/text_gull.html.
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2013). ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Sept 12). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/col/. Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, 1998. "Laughing Gull" (On-line). Accessed (Date Unknown) at http://www.pwrc.usgs.gov/bioeco/lgull.htm.
  • Peterson, R. 1980. A field guide to the birds. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company.
  • Peterson, Roger Tory. Birds of Eastern and Central North America. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1980. Print.
  • Scott, S., L. Swinson, M. Dickinson, C. Howell. 1987. Field Guide to the Birds of North America. Washington, D.C.: The National Geographic Society.
  • Sibley, Ch. and B. Monroe, Jr.. 1990. Distribution and Taxonomy of Birds of the World. Yale University Press. New Haven & London. 1111 p.
  • Slud, P. 1964. The birds of Costa Rica: Distribution and Ecology. Bulletin of The American Museum of Natural History 128: 5-430
  • Slud, P. 1967. The birds of Cocos Island, Costa Rica. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History. Vol. 128.
  • Slud, P. 1980. The birds of Hacienda Palo Verde, Guanacaste, Costa Rica. Smithsonian Institution Press, Wahington. 62 p.
  • Snyder, W. 1998. "Laughing Gull" (On-line). Accessed 1-6-01 at http://www.baylink.org/wpc/laffgull.html.
  • Stiles, F.G. & A. F.Skutch. 1995. Guía de Aves de Costa Rica.Traducción al Español: Loretta Rosselli. Ilustrado por Dana Gardner. Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad (INBio). Heredia, Costa Rica. 580 p.
  • Stiles, F.G. 1983. Checklist of birds. Pp. 530-544, In: D.H. Janzen (ed.). Costa Rican Natural History. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.
  • Stiles, F.G. 1984. Status and Conservation of Seabirds in Costa Rican waters. ICBP. Technical Publication No.2.
  • eBird Range Map - Laughing Gull. eBird. Cornell Lab of Ornithology, N.d. Web. 20 July 2012. http://ebird.org/ebird/map/laugul.

Disclaimer

EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!