Data about <i>Larus californicus</i>

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Distribution

Data about <i>Larus californicus</i>
Range midpoint latitude
Additional detail 49.24 degrees Symonds and Tattersall, 2010  
  • Geographic distribution
    A description of the geographic distribution, or range, of the taxon. Includes descriptions of global, regional, or political aspects of range and whether the taxon is native or introduced in portions of the range and endemicity.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/ontology/voc/SPMInfoItems#Distribution
Geographic distribution
Additional detail Gulf of Mexico World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail North America World Register of Marine Species  
  • Latitude
    The geographic latitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are north of the Equator, negative values are south of it. Legal values lie between -90 and 90, inclusive.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLatitude
Latitude min
Additional detail 18.21 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 49.92 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  
  • Longitude
    The geographic longitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are east of the Greenwich Meridian, negative values are west of it. Legal values lie between -180 and 180, inclusive.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLongitude
Longitude min
Additional detail -128 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail -82.7 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  

Physical Description

Data about <i>Larus californicus</i>
Body length (VT) min
Additional detail 51 cm Birds Animal Diversity Web  
average Additional detail 54 cm Birds Animal Diversity Web  
max Additional detail 58 cm Birds Animal Diversity Web  
Body mass
Additional detail 683.91 g Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
min Additional detail 432 g Birds Animal Diversity Web  
average Additional detail 600 g Birds Animal Diversity Web  
mean Additional detail 691 g Symonds and Tattersall, 2010  
max Additional detail 885 g Birds Animal Diversity Web  
Dimorphism
Additional detail male larger Birds Animal Diversity Web  
Additional detail none Birds Animal Diversity Web  
Tarsometatarsus + middle toe length mean
Additional detail 10.3 cm Symonds and Tattersall, 2010  
Bill length mean
Additional detail 4.78 cm Symonds and Tattersall, 2010  
Weight
Additional detail 50 g neonate stage AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Additional detail 691 g adult AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  

Ecology

Data about <i>Larus californicus</i>
Habitat
Additional detail agricultural feature Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail animal habitation
  • Animal habitation
    The dwelling of an animal or group of similar animals.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005803
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail aquatic habitat Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail bay Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail brine
  • Brine
    Water saturated or nearly saturated with salt (NaCl). It is used (now less popular than historically) to preserve vegetables, fish, and meat.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00003044
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail city Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail city Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail coast
  • Coast
    The general region of indefinite width that extends from the sea inland to the first major change in terrain features.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000303
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail coast
  • Coast
    The general region of indefinite width that extends from the sea inland to the first major change in terrain features.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000303
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail coast
  • Coast
    The general region of indefinite width that extends from the sea inland to the first major change in terrain features.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000303
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail coast
  • Coast
    The general region of indefinite width that extends from the sea inland to the first major change in terrain features.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000303
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail coastal wetland
  • Coastal wetland
    A wetland associated with the part of the land adjoining or near a sea or ocean.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000230
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail estuary
  • Estuary
    A semi-enclosed coastal body of water with one or more rivers or streams flowing into it, and with a free connection to the open sea.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000045
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail fresh water Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail freshwater habitat
  • Freshwater habitat
    A habitat that is in or on a body of water containing low concentrations of dissolved salts and other total dissolved solids (<0.5 grams dissolved salts per litre).
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002037
IUCN  
Additional detail island
  • Island
    Area of dry or relatively dry land surrounded by water or low wetland.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000098
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail lake
  • Lake
    A body of water or other liquid of considerable size contained on a body of land.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000020
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail lake
  • Lake
    A body of water or other liquid of considerable size contained on a body of land.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000020
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail landfill
  • Landfill
    A site at which refuse is dumped, normally filling a natural or artificial depression.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000533
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail Large river biome Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail levee
  • Levee
    An artificial slope or wall, usually earthen, which parallels the course of a river, built for the purpose of containing the river.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000178
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail marine biome
  • Marine biome
    An aquatic biome that comprises systems of open-ocean and unprotected coastal habitats, characterized by exposure to wave action, tidal fluctuation, and ocean currents as well as systems that largely resemble these. Water in the marine biome is generally within the salinity range of seawater: 30 to 38 ppt.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000447
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail marine habitat
  • Marine habitat
    A habitat that is in or on a sea or ocean containing high concentrations of dissolved salts and other total dissolved solids (typically >35 grams dissolved salts per litre).
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000569
IUCN  
Additional detail marsh
  • Marsh
    A wetland, featuring grasses, rushes, reeds, typhas, sedges, and other herbaceous plants (possibly with low-growing woody plants) in a context of shallow water.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000035
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail marsh
  • Marsh
    A wetland, featuring grasses, rushes, reeds, typhas, sedges, and other herbaceous plants (possibly with low-growing woody plants) in a context of shallow water.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000035
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail mudflat
  • Mudflat
    A wetland that forms when mud is deposited by the tides, rivers, sea or oceans.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000192
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail ocean
  • Ocean
    Continuous saline-water bodies that surround the continents and fill the Earth's great depressions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000015
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail plain
  • Plain
    A region of general uniform slope, comparatively level, and of considerable extent.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000086
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail pond
  • Pond
    A body of water, usually of smaller size than a lake.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000033
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail scrubland
  • Scrubland
    Area covered with low-growing or stunted perennial vegetation and usually not mixed with trees.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000300
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail stream
  • Stream
    Linear body of water flowing on the Earth's surface.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000023
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail temperate Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail terrestrial biome
  • Terrestrial biome
    A biome that applies to the terrestrial realm.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000446
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail terrestrial habitat
  • Terrestrial habitat
    A habitat that is on or at the boundary of the surface of the Earth.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002009
IUCN  
Additional detail water body Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail wetland
  • Wetland
    An area that is inundated or saturated by surface or ground water at a frequency and duration sufficient to support, and that under normal circumstances do support, a prevalence of vegetation typically adapted for life in saturated soil conditions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000043
Environments - EOL project  
Foraging Habitat
Additional detail freshwater habitat
  • Freshwater habitat
    A habitat that is in or on a body of water containing low concentrations of dissolved salts and other total dissolved solids (<0.5 grams dissolved salts per litre).
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002037
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
Primary Diet
Additional detail Omnivore
  • Omnivore
    An animal that mainly eats all kinds of things, including plants and animals.
    http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#Omnivore
adult
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
  • Interacts with
    an organism has an effect on another organism in the community.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/interactsWith
Interacts with
Additional detail American Wigeon GloBI  
Additional detail Apicomplexans GloBI  
Additional detail Badgers, Otters, Weasels, and Relatives GloBI  
Additional detail Bald Eagle GloBI  
Additional detail Birds GloBI  
Additional detail Black Pine Snake GloBI  
Additional detail Bony Fishes GloBI  
Additional detail Canada Goose GloBI  
Additional detail Carcinonemertes GloBI  
Additional detail Common Muskrat GloBI  
Additional detail Copepods GloBI  
Additional detail Crustaceans GloBI  
Additional detail Digenea GloBI  
Additional detail Dog GloBI  
Additional detail Elthusa californica GloBI  
Additional detail Fellodistomidae GloBI  
Additional detail Glossocercus GloBI  
Additional detail Golden Eagle GloBI  
Additional detail Graffillidae GloBI  
Additional detail Great Horned Owl GloBI  
Additional detail Gregarinea GloBI  
Additional detail Gyrodactylus GloBI  
Additional detail Hemiuridae GloBI  
Additional detail Herring Gull GloBI  
Additional detail Insects GloBI  
Additional detail Leidya GloBI  
Additional detail Lepocreadiidae GloBI  
Additional detail Mammals GloBI  
Additional detail Mice and Rats GloBI  
Additional detail Microcotyle GloBI  
Additional detail Microsporidians GloBI  
Additional detail Nematodes GloBI  
Additional detail Northern Pike GloBI  
Additional detail Northern Raccoon GloBI  
Additional detail Northern River Otter GloBI  
Additional detail Portunion conformis GloBI  
Additional detail Prairie Falcon GloBI  
Additional detail Red Fox GloBI  
Additional detail Red-tailed Hawk GloBI  
Additional detail Redhead GloBI  
Additional detail Renicola buchanani GloBI  
Additional detail Renicola cerithidicola GloBI  
Additional detail Seagulls GloBI  
Additional detail Skunks and Stink Badgers GloBI  
Additional detail Spiny-headed Worms GloBI  
Additional detail Spirocamallanus GloBI  
Additional detail Tapeworms GloBI  
Additional detail Tetraphyllidea GloBI  
Additional detail Trichodina GloBI  
Additional detail Trypanorhyncha GloBI  
  • Hosts
    provides some resource to a symbiont, either commensal, parasitic or mutualistic
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/hosts
Hosts
Additional detail Acanthoparyphium GloBI  
Additional detail Acanthoparyphium spinulosum GloBI  
Additional detail Cloacitrema GloBI  
Additional detail Cyathocotylidae GloBI  
Additional detail Digenea GloBI  
Additional detail Euhaplorchis californiensis GloBI  
Additional detail Galactosomum humbargari GloBI  
Additional detail Himasthla rhigedana GloBI  
Additional detail Mesostephanus appendiculatus GloBI  
Additional detail Microphallidae GloBI  
Additional detail Parorchis acanthus GloBI  
Additional detail Parvatrema GloBI  
Additional detail Phocitremoides ovale GloBI  
Additional detail Probolocoryphe GloBI  
Additional detail Pygidiopsoides spindalis GloBI  
Additional detail Renicolidae GloBI  
Additional detail Spiny-headed Worms GloBI  
Additional detail Stictodora hancocki GloBI  
  • Preys upon
    consumes for energetic or other nutritional needs (object of consumption is an organism)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/preysUpon
Preys upon
Additional detail Bay Shore Crab GloBI  
Additional detail Bent-nose Macoma GloBI  
Additional detail California Killifish GloBI  
Additional detail California Tagelus GloBI  
Additional detail California Venus GloBI  
Additional detail Lesser Tagelus GloBI  
Additional detail Lined Shore Crab GloBI  
Additional detail Mahogany Clam GloBI  
Additional detail Mediterranean Mussel GloBI  
Additional detail Mussels and Clams GloBI  
Additional detail Neighbor Tagelus GloBI  
Additional detail Northern Anchovy GloBI  
Additional detail Pacific Eggcockle GloBI  
Additional detail Pacific Littleneck GloBI  
Additional detail Ribbed Mussel GloBI  
Additional detail Smooth Venus GloBI  
Additional detail Topsmelt Silverside GloBI  
Additional detail Washington Clam GloBI  
Additional detail White-sand Macoma GloBI  
Feeds on
Additional detail American Wigeon GloBI  
Additional detail Birds GloBI  
Additional detail Bony Fishes GloBI  
Additional detail Crustaceans GloBI  
Additional detail Detritus GloBI  
Additional detail Insects GloBI  
Additional detail Mammals GloBI  
Additional detail Redhead GloBI  
  • Has parasite
    non-mutual relationship between organisms of different species where one organism, the parasite, benefits at the expense of the other, the host.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/hasParasite
Has parasite
Additional detail Acanthoparyphium GloBI  
Additional detail Acanthoparyphium spinulosum GloBI  
Additional detail Austrobilharzia GloBI  
Additional detail Cloacitrema GloBI  
Additional detail Cyathocotylidae GloBI  
Additional detail Digenea GloBI  
Additional detail Euhaplorchis californiensis GloBI  
Additional detail Galactosomum humbargari GloBI  
Additional detail Himasthla rhigedana GloBI  
Additional detail Mesostephanus appendiculatus GloBI  
Additional detail Microphallidae GloBI  
Additional detail Parorchis acanthus GloBI  
Additional detail Parvatrema GloBI  
Additional detail Phocitremoides ovale GloBI  
Additional detail Probolocoryphe GloBI  
Additional detail Pygidiopsoides spindalis GloBI  
Additional detail Renicolidae GloBI  
Additional detail Spiny-headed Worms GloBI  
Additional detail Stictodora hancocki GloBI  
Temperature at range midpoint latitude min
Additional detail 2.3 degrees Celsius Symonds and Tattersall, 2010  
  • Interacts with
    an organism has an effect on another organism in the community.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/interactsWithreverse
Interacts with
Additional detail American White Pelican GloBI  
Additional detail American Wigeon GloBI  
Additional detail Bald Eagle GloBI  
Additional detail Black Pine Snake GloBI  
Additional detail California Gull GloBI  
Additional detail California Gull GloBI  
Additional detail Canada Goose GloBI  
Additional detail Canvasback GloBI  
Additional detail Crustaceans GloBI  
Additional detail Dog GloBI  
Additional detail Golden Eagle GloBI  
Additional detail Great Horned Owl GloBI  
Additional detail Herring Gull GloBI  
Additional detail Lesser Scaup GloBI  
Additional detail Northern Pike GloBI  
Additional detail Northern Raccoon GloBI  
Additional detail Northern River Otter GloBI  
Additional detail Plasmodium GloBI  
Additional detail Prairie Falcon GloBI  
Additional detail Red Fox GloBI  
Additional detail Red-tailed Hawk GloBI  
Additional detail Redhead GloBI  
Additional detail Ring-billed Gull GloBI  
Additional detail Ruddy Duck GloBI  
Additional detail Yosemite Toad GloBI  
Water nitrate concentration min
Additional detail 0.038 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 4.68 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
Water temperature min
Additional detail 10.71 degrees Celsius OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 17.27 degrees Celsius OBIS Environmental Information  
Water silicate concentration min
Additional detail 1.44 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 16.17 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
Water phosphate concentration min
Additional detail 0.33 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 0.8 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
Water dissolved O2 concentration min
Additional detail 5.54 mL/L OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 6.59 mL/L OBIS Environmental Information  
Water O2 saturation max
Additional detail 103.81 percent OBIS Environmental Information  
min Additional detail 99.4 percent OBIS Environmental Information  
  • Has predator
    is consumed for energetic or other nutritional needs (by another organism)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/HasPredator
Has predator
Additional detail Badgers, Otters, Weasels, and Relatives GloBI  
Additional detail Bald Eagle GloBI  
Additional detail Black Pine Snake GloBI  
Additional detail Black Saltmarsh Mosquito GloBI  
Additional detail Canada Goose GloBI  
Additional detail Dog GloBI  
Additional detail Golden Eagle GloBI  
Additional detail Great Horned Owl GloBI  
Additional detail Herring Gull GloBI  
Additional detail House Mosquito GloBI  
Additional detail Mice and Rats GloBI  
Additional detail Northern Pike GloBI  
Additional detail Northern Raccoon GloBI  
Additional detail Northern River Otter GloBI  
Additional detail Prairie Falcon GloBI  
Additional detail Red Fox GloBI  
Additional detail Red-tailed Hawk GloBI  
Additional detail Seagulls GloBI  
Water salinity min
Additional detail 30.38 PSU OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 33.5 PSU OBIS Environmental Information  

Life History and Behavior

Data about <i>Larus californicus</i>
Nest type
Additional detail open cup Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
Developmental Mode
Additional detail semiprecocial
  • Semiprecocial
    Parent(s) provide food but not thermoregulation (e.g., gulls and terns).
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/semiprecocial
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
Foraging time
Additional detail diurnal Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
Parental care
Additional detail pair provides care
  • Pair provides care
    Both parents feed and nurture offspring.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/parentalCarePair
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
Clutch/brood/litter size
Additional detail 3 AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Log10 productivity
Additional detail -0.494 Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
Litters per year
Additional detail 1 per year AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Total life span max
Additional detail 30 years AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Onset of fertility
Additional detail 3.0 years female AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Additional detail 3.0 years male AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Growth rate
Additional detail 0.16 per day AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
  • Prenatal development duration
    The duration of the development from fertilized, deposited or implanted egg to hatching/birth. Corresponds to egg incubation duration in oviparous animals and to gestation period duration in viviparous animals.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PrenatalDevelopmentDuration
Prenatal development duration
Additional detail 25 days AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  

Conservation

Data about <i>Larus californicus</i>
Population trend
Additional detail Decreasing IUCN  

Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Data about <i>Larus californicus</i>
Conservation status
Additional detail least concern
  • Least concern
    A taxon is Least Concern when it has been evaluated against the criteria and does not qualify for Critically Endangered, Endangered, Vulnerable or Near Threatened. Widespread and abundant taxa are included in this category.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/leastConcern
IUCN  

Other

Data about <i>Larus californicus</i>
Migratorystatus
Additional detail migratory
  • Migratory
    Makes seasonal movements between breeding and wintering grounds
    http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#Migratory
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  

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