The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

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  • BirdLife International 2012. Larus argentatus
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  • Burger, J., M. Gochfeld. 2000. Effects of lead on birds (Laridae): a review of laboratory and field studies. Journal Of Toxicology And Environmental Health, 3/2: 59-78.
  • Caleb Finch (1990) Longevity, Senescence, and the Genome. University of Chicago Press: Chicago.
  • Canadian Wildlife Service & Canadian Wildlife Federation. 2008. "Hinterland Who's Who" (On-line). Herring Gull. Accessed April 05, 2008 at http://www.hww.ca/hww2.asp?cid=7&id=49.
  • Christian RR, Luczkovich JJ (1999) Organizing and understanding a winter’s seagrass foodweb network through effective trophic levels. Ecol Model 117:99–124
  • Cornell Lab of Ornithology. 2003. "All About Birds" (On-line). Herring Gull. Accessed April 05, 2008 at http://www.birds.cornell.edu/AllAboutBirds/BirdGuide/Herring_Gull_dtl.html.
  • Cutler (1979) Evolution of human longevity: a critical overview. Mech Ageing Dev, 9:337-354.
  • Delgado, R.; R.G. Campos; J. Sánchez y Ch. Gómez. 1998. Lista de Aves de Costa Rica/ Checklist of Costa Rican Birds. ASOCIACION ORNITOLOGICA DE COSTA RICA. San José. Costa Rica. 28 p..
  • Elizondo, L.H. 1992. Especies de Aves Migratorias Neárticas en Costa Rica. Base de Datos de Biodiversidad, Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad (INBio). Santo Domingo, Heredia. Costa Rica. 6 p. (mimeografiado).
  • Finney, S., M. Harris, L. Keller, D. Elston, P. Monaghan, S. Wanless. 2003. Reducing the density of breeding gulls influences the pattern of recruitment of immature Atlantic puffins Fratercula arctica to a breeding colony. The Journal of Applied Ecology, 40/3: 545-552.
  • Gill, Frank, and Minturn Wright. 2006. Birds of the World: Recommended English Names
  • Gill, Frank, and Minturn Wright. 2006. Birds of the World: Recommended English Names. ix + 259
  • Goryaeva, A. 2007. Reproduction success of the herring gull Larus argentatus in Murmansk in 2006. Doklady Biological Sciences, 416: 389-390.
  • Hall SJ, Raffaelli D (1991) Food-web patterns: lessons from a species-rich web. J Anim Ecol 60:823–842
  • Herring Gull (Larus argentatus). The Internet Bird Collection. Lynx Edicions, n.d. Web. 20 July 2012. http://ibc.lynxeds.com/species/herring-gull-larus-argentatus.
  • Huxham M, Beany S, Raffaelli D (1996) Do parasites reduce the chances of triangulation in a real food web? Oikos 76:284–300
  • John Dunning (2008) CRC Handbook of Avian Body Masses. CRC Press: Boca Raton.
  • John Terres (1980) The Audubon Society Encyclopedia of North American Birds. Knopf: New York.
  • Kubetzki, U., S. Garthe. 2003. Distribution, diet and habitat selection by four sympatrically breeding gull species in the south-eastern North Sea. Marine Biology, 143/1: 199-207.
  • Larus argentatus Pontoppidan
  • Larus argentatus. Xeno-canto. Xeno-canto Foundation, n.d. Web. 20 July 2012. http://xeno-canto.org/browse.php?query=Larus+argentatus.
  • Lewis, T.J. & F.G. Stiles.1980. Locational checklist of the birds of Costa Rica. Costa Rica Expeditions. San José, Costa Rica.
  • McKechnie and Wolf (2004) The allometry of avian basal metabolic rate: good predictions need good data. Physiol Biochem Zool, 77:502-521.
  • Monaghan and Metcalfe (2000) Genome size and longevity. Trends Genet, 16:331-332.
  • Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 16, 2011 at http://animaldiversity.org. http://www.animaldiversity.org
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2013). ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Sept 12). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/col/. Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Pallas, Unknown,Zoogr. RossoAs., 18112: 318.
  • Palmen, Unknown,VegaExped. Vetensk. Arb., 18875: 370.
  • Peterson, Roger Tory. Birds of Eastern and Central North America. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1980. Print.
  • Pierotti, R. J. and T. P. Good. 1994. Herring Gull (Larus argentatus), The Birds of North America Online (A. Poole, Ed.). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology; Retrieved from the Birds of North America Online: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/124
  • Pierotti, R., T. Good. 1994. "Herring Gull (Larus argentatus)" (On-line). The Birds of North America Online. Accessed April 09, 2008 at http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/124/articles/introduction.
  • Pontoppidan, Unknown,Danske Atl., 17631: 622.
  • Pontoppidan, unknown,Danske Atl, 17631: 622.
  • Rodway, M., H. Regehr. 1999. Habitat selection and reproductive performance of food-stressed herring gulls. The Condor, 101/03: 566-576.
  • S. L. Olson and P. C. Rasmussen. 2001. Miocene and Pliocene birds from the Lee Creek Mine, North Carolina. Smithsonian Contributions to Paleobiology 90:233-365
  • Scottish Seabird Centre. 2007. Herring gull. Accessed April 13, 2008 at http://www.seabird.org/birds-herring-gull.asp.
  • Sibley, Ch. and B. Monroe, Jr.. 1990. Distribution and Taxonomy of Birds of the World. Yale University Press. New Haven & London. 1111 p.
  • Slud, P. 1964. The birds of Costa Rica: Distribution and Ecology. Bulletin of The American Museum of Natural History 128: 5-430
  • Slud, P. 1967. The birds od Cocos Island, Costa Rica. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 134: 261-294.
  • Starck and Ricklefs (1998) Avian growth rate data set. In: Avian Growth and Development: Evolution Within the Altricial-Precocial Spectrum (J. M. Starck and R. E. Ricklefs (eds.)), pp. 381-423. Oxford University Press: New York.
  • Stiles, F.G. & A. F.Skutch. 1995. Guía de Aves de Costa Rica.Traducción al Español: Loretta Rosselli. Ilustrado por Dana Gardner. Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad (INBio). Heredia, Costa Rica. 580 p.
  • Stiles, F.G. 1983. Checklist of birds. Pp. 530-544, In: D.H. Janzen (ed.). Costa Rican Natural History. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.
  • Stiles,F.G. y S. Smith. 1977. New Information on Costa Rican Waterbirds. The Condor 79: 91-97.
  • Sushkin, Unknown, 1925.
  • T. Dunaeva and V. Kucheruk, Material on the ecology of the terrestrial vertebrates of the tundra of south Yamal, Bull. Soc. Nat. Moscou (N.S., Zool. Sect.) 4(19):1-80 (1941).
  • The Birds of North America Online (Online source)   http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/ External link.
  • Urban, E.K., C.H. Fry & S. Keith (1986). The Birds of Africa, Volume II. Academic Press, London.
  • Wang Qishan, Ma Ming and Gao Yuren, FAUNA SINICA AVES Vol. 5: Gruiformes, Charadriiformes and Lariformes.,FAUNA SINICA AVES Vol. 5: Gruiformes, Charadriiformes and Lariformes., 2006.
  • Weseloh, D., C. Pekarik, S. De Solla. 2006. Spatial patterns and rankings of contaminant concentrations in herring gull eggs from 15 sites in the Great Lakes and connecting channels, 1998–2002. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 113: 265-284.
  • Zheng Zuoxin, BIRDS OF THE WORLD(Latin, Chinese and English names),BIRDS OF THE WORLD(Latin, Chinese and English names), 1989.
  • eBird Range Map - Herring Gull. eBird. Cornell Lab of Ornithology, N.d. Web. 20 July 2012. http://ebird.org/ebird/map/hergul.
  • 王岐山 马鸣 高育仁, 中国动物志 鸟纲 第五卷 鹤形目 鸻形目 鸥形目,中国动物志 鸟纲 第五卷 鹤形目 鸻形目 鸥形目, 2006: 1-644.
  • 王岐山.马鸣.高育仁, 中国动物志.鸟纲第五卷.鹤形目.鸻形目.鸥形目,中国动物志.鸟纲第五卷.鹤形目.鸻形目.鸥形目, 2006.
  • 郑作新, 世界鸟类名称(拉丁文、汉文、英文对照),世界鸟类名称(拉丁文、汉文、英文对照), 1989.

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