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Overview

Distribution

Range Description

The Fairy Prion is found throughout oceans and coastal areas in the Southern Hemisphere. Their colonies can be found, amongst other places, on the Chatham Islands, Snares Islands and Antipodes Islands of New Zealand, the Bass Strait Islands of Australia, the Crozet Islands (French Southern Territories) in the south Indian Ocean and the Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) and South Georgia (Georgia del Sur) in the south Atlantic (del Hoyo et al. 1992).
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circum-antarctic
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© WoRMS for SMEBD

Source: World Register of Marine Species

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Range

Breeds scattered subtropical and subantarctic islands.
  • Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2014. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.9. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/

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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
This marine species apparently occurs mainly offshore, but may move inshore during stormy weather. Its diet is comprised mostly of crustaceans (especially krill), but occaisionally includes some fish and squid. It feeds mainly by surface-seizing and dipping, but can also catch prey by surface-plunging or pattering. It often assocaites with other prions and storm-petrels when feeding around boats. The breeding season starts in September and the species is highly colonial, creating burrows in coastal sites on oceanic islands (del Hoyo et al. 1992).

Systems
  • Terrestrial
  • Marine
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Depth range based on 58 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 53 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 0 - 0
  Temperature range (°C): -0.295 - 12.623
  Nitrate (umol/L): 8.743 - 27.565
  Salinity (PPS): 33.743 - 34.829
  Oxygen (ml/l): 6.038 - 7.927
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.765 - 1.889
  Silicate (umol/l): 4.273 - 46.619

Graphical representation

Temperature range (°C): -0.295 - 12.623

Nitrate (umol/L): 8.743 - 27.565

Salinity (PPS): 33.743 - 34.829

Oxygen (ml/l): 6.038 - 7.927

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.765 - 1.889

Silicate (umol/l): 4.273 - 46.619
 
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Depth range based on 58 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 53 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 0 - 0
  Temperature range (°C): -0.295 - 12.623
  Nitrate (umol/L): 8.743 - 27.565
  Salinity (PPS): 33.743 - 34.829
  Oxygen (ml/l): 6.038 - 7.927
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.765 - 1.889
  Silicate (umol/l): 4.273 - 46.619

Graphical representation

Temperature range (°C): -0.295 - 12.623

Nitrate (umol/L): 8.743 - 27.565

Salinity (PPS): 33.743 - 34.829

Oxygen (ml/l): 6.038 - 7.927

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.765 - 1.889

Silicate (umol/l): 4.273 - 46.619
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Life History and Behavior

Behavior

Breeding Category

Vagrant
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Source: World Register of Marine Species

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Pachyptila turtur

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 6
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2015

Assessor/s
BirdLife International

Reviewer/s
Butchart, S. & Symes, A.

Contributor/s

Justification
This species has an extremely large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). The population trend appears to be stable, and hence the species does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size is extremely large, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.

History
  • Least Concern (LC)
  • Least Concern (LC)
  • Least Concern (LC)
  • Lower Risk/least concern (LR/lc)
  • Lower Risk/least concern (LR/lc)
  • Lower Risk/least concern (LR/lc)
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Source: IUCN

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