The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • 1. IUCN Red List (April, 2008) http://www.iucnredlist.org External link.
  • 10. AEWA (September, 2008) http://www.unep-aewa.org External link.
  • 11. Waller, L.J. and Underhill, L.G. (2007) Management of avian cholera Pasteurella multocida outbreaks on Dyer Island, South Africa, 2002–2005. African Journal of Marine Science, 29 (1): 105 - 111.
  • 1996. database, NODC Taxonomic Code
  • 2. Sinclair, I., Hockey, P., Hayman, P. and Arlott, N. (2005) The Larger Illustrated Guide to Birds of Southern Africa. Struik Publishers, Cape Town.
  • 2011. Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource, 2011.01.03
  • 2011. IOC World Bird List, Master List v2.9
  • 3. Nelson, J.B. (2005) Pelicans, Cormorants and Their Relatives. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • 4. Burnie, D. (2001) Animal. Dorling Kindersley, London.
  • 5. Ruschenberger, W.S.W., Milne-Edwards, H., Comté, A. and Comte, A.J. (1845) Elements of Ornithology: Prepared for the Use of Schools and Colleges. University of Wisconsin, Madison.
  • 6. BirdLife International (September, 2008) External link.
  • 7. Johnson, R.L., Venter, A., Bester, M.N. and Oosthuizen, W.H. (2006) Seabird predation by white shark (Carcharodon carcharias) and Cape fur seal (Arctocephalus pusilluspusillus) at Dyer Island. South African Journal of Wildlife Research, 36 (1): 23 - 32.
  • 8. Crawford, R.J.M., Dyer, B.M., Kemper, J., Simmons, R.E., Upfold, L. and vaz Velho, F. (2007) Trends in numbers of Cape Cormorants (Phalacrocorax capensis) over a 50-year period, 1956/57–2006/07. In: Kirkman, S.P. Ed. Final Report of BCLME (Benguela Current Large Marine Ecosystem) Project on Top Predators as Biological Indicators of Ecosystem Change in the BCLME. Avian Demography Unit, Cape Town.
  • 9. Crawford, R.J.M., Allwright, D.M. and Heyel, C.W. (1992) High mortality of cape cormorants (Phalacrocorax capensis ) off western South Africa in 1991 caused by Pasteurella multocida. Colonial Waterbirds, 15 (2): 236 - 238.
  • BirdLife International 2015. Phalacrocorax capensis
  • Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2014. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.9. Downloaded from
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2015). ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Mar 2015). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.


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