IUCN threat status:

Least Concern (LC)


Read full entry

Range Description

The species breeds from the Caucasus through Armenia to western Turkey and north-west Iran, wintering south to the eastern Mediterranean, northern Red Sea and northern Persian Gulf (Burger et al. 2015). It is a common winter visitor and passage migrant to Israel where numbers have decreased from approximately 60,000 individuals in the late 1980s to 22,000-26,000 individuals in 2009-2014 (A. Ben Dov in litt. 2015). In Armenia it breeds at Lake Sevan and Lake Arpilich (Burger et al. 2015). The species is reported to be declining moderately rapidly in Turkey and apparently stable in Armenia (BirdLife International 2015). Trends are unknown for Georgia and Iran.The most recent known count in Iran from the early 1970s estimated the population at 4,000-5,000 breeding pairs (Scott 2007) however since then the lake where they were recorded, Lake Urumiyeh in Azarbaijan province, has decreased greatly in size (A. Ben Dovin litt. 2015).


Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources

Source: IUCN


EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!