Data about <i>Meleagris gallopavo</i>

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Distribution

 
native range includes
Additional detail
United States (USA)
US Forest Service Fire Effects Information Service  
 
range midpoint latitude
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43.42 degrees
Symonds and Tattersall, 2010  
 
geographic distribution includes
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Allegheny Highlands forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Appalachian mixed mesophytic forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Appalachian-Blue Ridge forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Arizona Mountains forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Atlantic coastal pine barrens
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Bajío dry forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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British Columbia mainland coastal forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Central and Southern mixed grasslands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Central forest-grasslands transition
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Central Mexican matorral
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Central Pacific coastal forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Central U.S. hardwood forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Chihuahuan desert
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Colorado Plateau shrublands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Colorado Rockies forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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East Central Texas forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Eastern Great Lakes lowland forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Edwards Plateau savanna
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Florida sand pine scrub
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Great Basin shrub steppe
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Meseta Central matorral
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Middle Atlantic coastal forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Mississippi lowland forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Mojave desert
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Montana Valley and Foothill grasslands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
 
geographic distribution includes
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Nearctic
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Nebraska Sand Hills mixed grasslands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Neotropical
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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New England-Acadian forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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North Central Rockies forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Northeastern coastal forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Northern short grasslands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Okanagan dry forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Ozark Mountain forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Palouse grasslands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Piney Woods forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Sierra Madre de Oaxaca pine-oak forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Sierra Madre Occidental pine-oak forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Sierra Madre Oriental pine-oak forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Snake-Columbia shrub steppe
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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South Central Rockies forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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South Florida rocklands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Southeastern conifer forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Southeastern mixed forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Southern Great Lakes forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Tamaulipan matorral
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Tamaulipan mezquital
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Texas blackland prairies
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt pine-oak forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Upper Midwest forest-savanna transition
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Wasatch and Uinta montane forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Western Great Lakes forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Western Gulf Coastal grasslands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Western short grasslands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Wyoming Basin shrub steppe
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  

Physical Description

 
body mass mean
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4,300 g
Symonds and Tattersall, 2010  
 
body mass average
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7,300 g
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
 
body mass min
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3,600 g
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
 
body mass max
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11,000 g
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
 
body mass
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3.76 log10 grams
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
sexual dimorphism
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male larger
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
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male more colorful
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
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ornamentation
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
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sexes colored or patterned differently
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
 
tarsus length mean
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162.6 mm
Symonds and Tattersall, 2010  
 
bill length mean
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34.8 mm
Symonds and Tattersall, 2010  
 
weight
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6,050 g adult
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
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47 g neonate stage
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  

Ecology

 
primary diet
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omnivore adult
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
habitat
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agricultural feature
Environments - EOL project  
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animal habitation
Environments - EOL project  
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bay
Environments - EOL project  
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canopy
Environments - EOL project  
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carcass
Environments - EOL project  
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chaparral
Environments - EOL project  
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city
Environments - EOL project  
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clearing
Environments - EOL project  
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coast
Environments - EOL project  
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coastal plain
Environments - EOL project  
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coniferous forest biome
Environments - EOL project  
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coniferous forest biome
Environments - EOL project  
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desert
Environments - EOL project  
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farm
Environments - EOL project  
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flood plain
Environments - EOL project  
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flood plain
Environments - EOL project  
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forest
Environments - EOL project  
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forest
Environments - EOL project  
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grassland
Environments - EOL project  
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grassland
Environments - EOL project  
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grassland
Environments - EOL project  
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hammock
Environments - EOL project  
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heath
Environments - EOL project  
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juniper woodland
Environments - EOL project  
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Large river biome
Environments - EOL project  
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marsh
Environments - EOL project  
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marsh
Environments - EOL project  
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mixed forest biome
Environments - EOL project  
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mount
Environments - EOL project  
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mount
Environments - EOL project  
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mountain
Environments - EOL project  
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nest of bird
Environments - EOL project  
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orchard
Environments - EOL project  
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pasture
Environments - EOL project  
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plain
Environments - EOL project  
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plantation
Environments - EOL project  
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plateau
Environments - EOL project  
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plateau
Environments - EOL project  
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plateau
Environments - EOL project  
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pond
Environments - EOL project  
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prairie
Environments - EOL project  
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prairie
Environments - EOL project  
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rock
Environments - EOL project  
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savanna
Environments - EOL project  
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scrubland
Environments - EOL project  
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scrubland
Environments - EOL project  
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scrubland
Environments - EOL project  
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sea
Environments - EOL project  
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slope
Environments - EOL project  
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steppe
Environments - EOL project  
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swamp
Environments - EOL project  
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swamp
Environments - EOL project  
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temperate
Environments - EOL project  
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terrestrial biome
Environments - EOL project  
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terrestrial habitat
IUCN  
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tropical
Environments - EOL project  
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valley
Environments - EOL project  
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wetland
Environments - EOL project  
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wetland
Environments - EOL project  
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wetland
Environments - EOL project  
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woodland
Environments - EOL project  
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woodland
Environments - EOL project  
 
habitat includes
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Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Temperate Coniferous Forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Tropical and subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
 
foraging habitat
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terrestrial habitat
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
interacts with
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interacts with
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temperature at range midpoint latitude min
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2.36 degrees Celsius
Symonds and Tattersall, 2010  
 
elevation measurement
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52.6 m
Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF)  

Life History and Behavior

 
nest type
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open cup
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
developmental mode
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precocial
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
foraging time
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diurnal
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
parental care
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only female provides care
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
clutch/brood/litter size
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11
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
 
log10 productivity
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-0.823
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
onset of fertility
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304 days female
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
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365 days male
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
 
litters per year
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1 per year
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
 
total life span max
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13 years
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
 
growth rate
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0.023 per day
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
 
prenatal development duration measurement
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26-28 days
Bird Incubation  
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28 days
Bird Incubation  
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28 days
Bird Incubation  
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28 days
Bird Incubation  
 
prenatal development duration
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28 days
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
 
migratory status
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nonmigratory
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  

Evolution and Systematics

 
first appearance (older bound)
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2.59 million years ago
The Paleobiology Database  
 
first appearance (younger bound)
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0.3 million years ago
The Paleobiology Database  
 
last appearance (older bound)
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0.0117 million years ago
The Paleobiology Database  
 
last appearance (younger bound)
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0 million years ago
The Paleobiology Database  

Physiology and Cell Biology

 
body temperature measurement
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109 degrees Fahrenheit
Bird Incubation  

Conservation

 
population trend
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Increasing
IUCN  
 
conservation status
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least concern
IUCN  
 
extinction status
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extant
The Paleobiology Database  
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extant
Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology  

Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

 
not invasive in
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United States (USA)
US Forest Service Fire Effects Information Service  

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