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BiologyOften found in enormous flocks of hundreds or even thousands of birds, the insectivorous black-winged pranticole forages for grasshoppers, crickets, swarms of locusts, beetles, ants, wasps, bees, dragonflies and many more flying insects. It usually hunts in early morning and late evening, capturing most of its food while flying, but also by running swiftly along the ground after prey (2). It migrates huge distances, leaving its Eurasian breeding grounds in September for southern Africa. In its winter range it is nomadic, following swarming insect prey, until it travels the great distance back, arriving in its breeding area again in April and May (2). In the Black Sea region, the black-winged pranticole breeds from March to July, nesting on open ground in colonies consisting of hundreds of pairs. The nest is a simple scrape, lined with a few dry plant pieces. Clutches of three to four eggs are incubated by both parents and five to six weeks after hatching the chick is independent (2).