The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

  • 1. American Ornithologists' Union. 2004. The A.O.U. check-list of North American birds, 7th edition, [Online]
  • 11. Glinski, Richard L.; Grubb, Teryl G.; Forbis, Larry A. 1983. Snag use by selected raptors. In: Davis, Jerry W.; Goodwin, Gregory A.; Ockenfeis, Richard A., technical coordinators. Snag Habitat management: Proceedings of the symposium; 1983 June 7 - June 9; Flagstaff, AZ. Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-99. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station: 130-133. [17827]
  • 12. Green, Nancy. 1985. The bald eagle. In: Di Silvestro, Roger L., ed. Audubon wildlife report 1985. New York: The National Wildlife Society: 509-531. [21585]
  • 13. Grubb, Teryl G.; Kennedy, Charles E. 1982. Bald eagle winter habitat on southwestern National Forests. Res. Pap. RM-237. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station. 13 p. [19325]
  • 14. Grubb, Teryl G.; King, Rudy M. 1991. Assessing human disturbance of breeding bald eagles with classification tree models. Journal of Wildlife Management. 55(3): 500-511. [18359]
  • 15. Harrington, Michael G.; Sackett, Stephen S. 1992. Past and present fire influences on southwestern ponderosa pine old growth. In: Kaufmann, Merrill R.; Moir, W. H.; Bassett, Richard L., technical coordinators. Old-growth forests in the southwest and Rocky Mountain regions: Proceedings of a workshop; 1992 March 9-13; Portal, AZ. Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-213. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station: 44-50. [19041]
  • 16. Johnsgard, Paul A. 1990. Hawks, eagles, and falcons. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press. 403 p. [21510]
  • 17. Knight, Richard L.; Anderson, David P. 1990. Effects of supplemental feeding on an avian scavenging guild. Wildlife Society Bulletin. 18(4): 388-394. [18346]
  • 18. Kralovec, Mary L.; Knight, Richard L.; Craig, Gerald R.; McLean, Robert G. 1992. Nesting productivity, food habits, and nest sites of bald eagles in Colorado and southeastern Wyoming. Southwestern Naturalist. 37(4): 356-361. [20337]
  • 1996. database, NODC Taxonomic Code
  • 20. Lehmkuhl, John F.; Ruggiero, Leonard F. 1991. Forest fragmentation in the Pacific Northwest and its potential effects on wildlife. In: Ruggiero, Leonard F.; Aubry, Keith B.; Carey, Andrew B.; Huff, Mark H., technical coordinators. Wildlife and vegetation of unmanaged Douglas-fir forests. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-285. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station: 35-46. [17304]
  • 2011. IOC World Bird List, Master List v2.9
  • 2011. AOU Check-List (08-2011)
  • 2011. Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource, 2011.02.25
  • 21. Livingston, Susan A.; Todd, Charles S.; Krohn, William B.; Owen, Ray B., Jr. 1990. Habitat models for nesting bald eagles in Maine. Journal of Wildlife Management. 54(4): 644-653. [17704]
  • 25. Peterson, Allen. 1986. Habitat suitability index models: bald eagle (breeding season). Biol. Rep. 82 (10.126). Washington, DC: U.S. Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service. 25 p. [11720]
  • 26. Stohlgren, Thomas J. 1993. Bald eagle winter roost characteristics in Lava Beds National Monument, California. Northwest Science. 67(1): 44-54. [20658]
  • 28. U.S. Department of Interior, National Park Service, Rocky Mountain Region, Yellowstone National Park. 1991. Yellowstone National Park fire management plan. Denver, CO: U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service, Rocky Mountain Region, Yellowstone National Park. 116 p. Draft. [15370]
  • 29. DeGraaf, Richard M.; Scott, Virgil E.; Hamre, R. H.; [and others]
  • 3. Buehler, David A.; Fraser, James D.; Seegar, Janis K. D.; [and others]
  • 30. Diem, Kenneth L.; Zeveloff, Samuel I. 1980. Ponderosa pine bird communities. In: DeGraaf, Richard M., technical coordinator. Management of western forests and grasslands for nongame birds: Workshop proceedings; 1980 February 11-14; Salt Lake City, UT. Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-86. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station: 170-197. [17904]
  • 31. Smith, Kimberly G. 1980. Nongame birds of the Rocky Mountain spruce-fir forests and their management. In: DeGraaf, Richard M., technical coordinator. Management of western forests and grasslands for nongame birds: Workshop proceedings; 1980 February 11-14; Salt Lake City, UT. Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-86. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station: 258-279. [17910]
  • 32. Quinby, Peter A. 1991. Self-replacement in old-growth white pine forests of Temagami, Ontario. Forest Ecology and Management. 41: 95-109. [15381]
  • 33. Lyon, L. Jack. 1977. Attrition of lodgepole pine snags on the Sleeping Child Burn, Montana. Res. Note INT-219. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station. 4 p. [14671]
  • 34. U.S. Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service. 1978. Bald Eagle Protection Act. 16 U.S.C. 668-668c. FWS/LE ENF 4. Washington, DC. 2 p. [23844]
  • 4. Burke, Marianne. 1983. Bald eagle nesting habitat improved with silvicultural manipulation in northeastern California. In: Bird, David M., ed. Biology and management of bald eagles and ospreys. Ste Ann de Bellevue, PQ: Harpell Press: 101-105. [21586]
  • 6. Covington, W. W.; Moore, M. M. 1992. Postsettlement changes in natural FIRE REGIMES: implications for restoration of old-growth ponderosa pine forests. In: Kaufmann, Merrill R.; Moir, W. H.; Bassett, Richard L., technical coordinators. Old-growth forests in the southwest and Rocky Mountain regions: Proceedings of a workshop; 1992 March 9-13; Portal, AZ. Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-213. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station: 81-99. [19045]
  • 8. Finch, Deborah M. 1992. Threatened, endangered, and vulnerable species of terrestrial vertebrates in the Rocky Mountain Region. Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-215. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station. 38 p. [18440]
  • 9. Garrett, Monte G.; Watson, James W.; Anthony, Robert G. 1993. Bald eagle home range and habitat use in the Columbia River estuary. Journal of Wildlife Management. 57(1): 19-27. [20657]
  • A.O.U (1998). Check-list of North American Birds, 7th edition. Washington, D.C.: American Ornithologists' Union.
  • Adriaens, P. (2013). Haliaeetus leucocephalus (Linnaeus, 1766). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=159374
  • American Ornithologists' Union. 1998. Check-list of North American birds. 7a. ed. American Ornithologist's Union. Washington D.C. USA. 829 pp.
  • Anthony, R. G., Garett, G. M. & Schuler, C. 1993. Environmental contaminants in Bald Eagles in Columbia River estuary. Journal of Wildlife Management. 57(1): 10-19.
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes. 2003. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes. 2003. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner. 1987. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada. Resource Publication, no. 166
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner. 1987. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada. Resource Publication, no. 166. 79
  • BirdLife International 2012. Haliaeetus leucocephalus
  • Birkenstein, L. R. & Tomlinson, R. E. 1981. Native names of mexican birds. Fish and Wildlife Service. Resource Publication 139. Washington, D. C. EUA. 159 pp.
  • Bohal, P. & Collopy, M. 1990. Effects of egg removal on Bald Eagle productivity in northern Florida. Journal of Wildlife Management. 57(1): 1-9.
  • Broley, C. L. (1947). Migration and nesting of Florida Bald Eagles. Wilson Bulletin. 59, 1-20.
  • Brown, B. T. & Warren, P. L. 1985. Wintering Bald Eagles Haliaeetus leucocephalus along the Rio Yaqui, Sonora, Mexico. The Wilson Bulletin. 97(2): 224-226.
  • Brown, B. T., Warren, P. L. & Anderson, L. S. 1987. First Bald Eagle nesting record from Sonora, Mexico. The Wilson Bulletin. 99(2): 279-280.
  • Brown, T. 1988. Additional Bald Eagle nesting records from Sonora, Mexico. Journal of Raptors Research. 22(1): 30-32.
  • Buehler, D. 2000. Bald Eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus). The Birds of North America. No. 506. In: Poole, A. & Gill, F. (Eds.). The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia and The American Ornithologists’ Union. Washington, D.C.
  • Christian RR, Luczkovich JJ (1999) Organizing and understanding a winter’s seagrass foodweb network through effective trophic levels. Ecol Model 117:99–124
  • Dominick, D. A., Robert, A. G., Thomas, S. & Kathleen, F. 1998. Management of Bald Eagle communal roost in fire-adapted mixed conifer forest. Journal of Wildlife Management. 62(1): 322-333.
  • Ehrlich, P. R., Dobkin, D. S. & Wheye, D. 1988. The Birders's Handbook: A field guide the natural history of North American birds. Simon & Schuster Inc., New York. 785 pp.
  • Elliott, J. E. & Ross, N. 1998. Chlorinated hydrocarbon contaminants and productivity of Bald Eagle population on the Pacific coast of Canada. Environmental toxicology and chemistry. 17(6): 1142-1153.
  • Elliott, J. E., Laurie, W., Ken , L. & Ross, N. 1996. Bald Eagle mortality and chlorinated hydrocarbon contaminants in livers from British Colombia, Canada 1980-1994. Environmental pollution. 94(1): 9-18.
  • Escalante, P., Sada, A. & Robles, G. P. 1996. Listado de nombres comunes de las aves de México. CONABIO y Sierra Madre. 32 pp.
  • Fraser, J. D. & Frenzel, L. D. 1985. Seasonal distribution of subadult Bald Eagles in three Minnesota habits. Wilson Bulletin. 97(3): 365-366.
  • Fraser, J. D., Frenzel, L. D. & Mathisen, J. E. 1985. The impact of human activities on breeding Bald Eagle in North-Central Minnesota. Journal of Wildlife Management. 49(3): 585-596.
  • Fraser, J. D., Frenzel, L. D., Mathisen, J. E. & Shough, M. E. 1983. Three adult Bald Eagle in an active nest. Journal of Raptors Research. 17(1): 29-30.
  • Gerrard, Jon, M.. et. al., The Bald Eagle: Haunts and Habits of a Wilderness Monarch. Smithsonian Institution Press,1984.
  • Gill, Frank, and Minturn Wright. 2006. Birds of the World: Recommended English Names
  • Gill, Frank, and Minturn Wright. 2006. Birds of the World: Recommended English Names. ix + 259
  • Griffin, C., Baskett, T. & Sparrowe, R. 1982. Ecology of Bald Eagles wintering near a waterfowl concentration. Special Scientific Report Wildlife. No. 247. Fish and Wildlife Service. U. S. Department of the Interior. 13 pp.
  • Grubb, T. G., Wiemeyer, S. N. & Kiff, L. F. 1990. Eggshell thinning and contaminant levels in Bald Eagle eggs from Arizona USA 1977 to 1985. Southwestern Naturalist. 35(3): 298-301.
  • Hansen, A. 1987. Regulation of Bald Eagle reproductive rates in southeastern Alaska. Ecology. 68(5): 1387-1392.
  • Harmata, A. & Monopoli, G. 2001. Analysis of Bald Eagles spatial use of linear habitat. Journal of Raptors Research. 35(3): 207-213.
  • Henny, C. J., Anderson, D. W. & Knoder, C. E. 1978. Bald Eagles nesting in Baja California Mexico. AUK. 95(2): 424.
  • Henny, C. J., Conant, B. & Anderson, D. W. 1993. Recent distribution and status of nesting Bald Eagles in Baja California, Mexico. Journal of Raptors Research. 27(4): 203-209.
  • Hoffman, D. U., Pattee, O. H., Wiemeyer, S. & Mulhern, B. 1981. Effects of lead shot ingestion on delta-aminoevulinic acid dehydratase activity, hemoglobin concentration, and serum chemistry in Bald Eagles. Journal of Wildlife Diseases. 17(3): 423-431.
  • Howell, N. G. S. & Webb, S. 1995. A guide to the birds of Mexico and northern central America. Oxford University Press. New York, EUA. 851 pp.
  • James, P. C., Dean, S. & Tara, M. 1999. Bald Eagle predation on common Loon chick. Wilson Bulletin. 111(2): 115-116.
  • Johnsgard, P. A. 1990. Hawks, eagles and falcons of North America. Biology and Natural History Smithsonian Institution Press. Washington, EUA. 403 pp.
  • Kaufman, K. (1996). Lives of North American Birds. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.
  • King, W. B. 1981. Endangered birds of the world. The ICBP bird red data book. Smithsonian Institution Press. Washington D.C. USA.
  • Kramer, J. & Redig, P. 1997. Sixteen years of lead poisoning in eagles 1980-1995: An epizootiologic view. Journal of Raptors Research. 31(4): 327-332.
  • Krester, G., Anthony, R. & Holbo, R. 1985. A model of energy consumption in Bald Eagles: on evolution of night communal roosting. Wilson Bulletin. 97(2): 148-160.
  • Lang, A., Andess, R. A. & Martin, P. 1999. Prey remains in Bald Eagles Haliaeetus leucocephalus, pellets from winter roost in upper St. Lawrence River, 1996 and 1997. Canadian Field-Naturalist. 113(4): 621-626.
  • Livingston, S. A., Tood, C. S., Krohon , W. B. & Owen, R. B. 1990. Habitat models for nesting Bald Eagles in Maine. J. Wildlife Management. 54(4): 644-653.
  • Mackenzie, John, P.S.. Birds of Prey. Paper Birch Press Inc., 1986.
  • Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 16, 2011 at http://animaldiversity.org. http://www.animaldiversity.org
  • New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (Online source)   http://www.dec.state.ny.us/ External link.
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2013). ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Sept 12). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/col/. Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • P. W. Parmalee. 1992. A late Pleistocene avifauna from northwestern Alabama. Science Series, Los Angeles Museum of Natural History, Science, and Art 36:307-318
  • Peterson, R. T. & Chalif, E. L. 1989. Aves de México. Guía de Campo. Diana. México D.F. 473 pp.
  • Philip, F. 1997. Bald Eagle longevity record from southeastern Alaska. Journal of Field Ornithology. 68(1): 150-151.
  • Porteous, Peter, L.. National Geographic: Eagles on the Rise. 182(5), November 1992.
  • Robert, B. & Riley, M. 1997. Influence of age and prey availability on Bald Eagle foraging behavior at Glacier National Park. Wilson Bulletin. 109(3): 393-409.
  • Rodríguez-Estrella, R. & Brown, B. T. 1990a. Density and habitat use of raptors along the Rio Yaqui and Rio Bavispe, Sonora, Mexico. Journal of Raptors Research. 24(3): 47-51.
  • Rodríguez-Estrella, R. & Brown, B. T. 1990b. Riqueza específica y determinación de la diversidad de las aves rapaces del Río Yaqui y Río Bavispe, en Sonora, México. Acta Zoológica Mexicana. 41: 1-17.
  • Rodríguez-Estrella, R., Donázar, J. A. & Hiraldo, F. 1995. Fisherman and their gear may threaten Bald Eagles at Magdalena Bay, B.C.S., Mexico. Journal of Raptors Research. 29: 144.
  • Savage, Candace. Eagles of North America. NorthWord Inc., 1987.
  • Simons, T., Sherrod, S. K., Collopy, M. W. & Jenkins, M. A. 1988. Restoring the Bald Eagle. American Scientist. 76: 252-260.
  • Skagen, S. K., Knight , R. & Orions, G. 1991. Human disturbance of an avian scavenging guild. Ecological Applications. 1(2): 215-225.
  • Sprunt, A., Robertson, W. B., Postupalsky, S., Knoder, C. E. & Ligas, F. J. 1973. Productivity of six Bald Eagle populations. Trans. North Amer. Wildl. & Nat. Res. Conf. 38: 96-106.
  • Stalmaster, M. V. & Gesseman, J. 1984. Ecological energetics and foraging behavior of overwintering Bald Eagles. Ecological Monograph. 54(4): 407-428.
  • Stalmaster, M. V. 1987. The Bald Eagle. New York, Universe Books.
  • Swenson, J. 1983. Is the northern interior Bald Eagle population in North America increasing?. Biology and Management of bald eagles and ospreys. In: Bird, D. M., Seymour, N. R. & Gerrard, J. M. (Eds.). Harpell Press. Ste. Anne de Bellevue. Quebec, Canada. pp. 23-34.
  • Swenson, J., Hinz, T., Knapp, S., Wentland , H. & Herbert, J. 1981. A survey of wintering Bald Eagles in Southeastern Montana. Journal of Raptors Research. 15(4): 113-120.
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  • W. E. Odum and E. J. Heald, The detritus-based food web of an estuarine mangrove community, In Estuarine Research, Vol. 1, Chemistry, Biology and the Estuarine System, Academic Press, New York, pp. 265-286, from p. 281 (1975).
  • Wiemeyer, S., Mulhern, B., Ligas, F. J., Matisen, J. E., Robards , F. & Postupalsky, S. 1972. Residues of organochlorine pesticides polychlorinated biphenyls and mercury in Bald Eagles and changes in shell thickness 1960-1970. Pesticides Monitoring Journal. 6(1): 50-55.

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