IUCN threat status:

Vulnerable (VU)

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Biology

Hooded plovers can often be found searching on beaches, along high tide water lines, or around coastal lakes for food such as marine worms, molluscs, crustaceans, insects, water plants and seeds (4). Seaweed plays an important part in the life of a hooded plover, as it attracts invertebrates which the plover can then feed on (5). When night falls, they prefer to move to the upper parts of the beach or to the dunes, where they roost. Their nests are made from a shallow depression in the sand, sometimes lined with pebbles, seaweed, sticks or shell fragments (2). These are territorial birds, which defend an area that can cover up to 1800 m of coastline (6). The main breeding season is between August and March, when a pair of hooded plovers will lay between two to three eggs within their territory, and incubate them for a period of 27 - 31 days (2). This species is known to replace any lost clutches (pers comm.). Within a day or two of hatching the little downy chick will leave the nest, and after fledging, at about 35 days, they will leave their parent's territory (5). In Western Australia, suitable inland habitat dries out during the summer, and so hooded plover move to coastal areas for this time, where they can be found in flocks (pers comm.).

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Source: ARKive

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