The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

  • 1.  American Ornithologists' Union. 1983. Checklist of North American birds.        6th ed. Lawrence, KS: Allen Press, Inc. 877 p.  [21234]
  • 10.  Call, Mayo. 1979. Habitat management guides for birds of prey. Techical        Note 338. Denver, CO: U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land        Management, Denver Service Center. 70 p.  [22451]
  • 11.  Cowart, Linda. 1975. The desert hunters. Pacific Discovery. 28(1): 5-9.        [22655]
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  • 13.  Dodd, Norris L. 1988. Fire management and southwestern raptors. In:        Gliski, R. L.; Pendleton, Beth Giron; Moss, Mary Beth; [and others]
  • 14.  DuBois, Kristi; Becker, Dale; Thornbrugh, Joe. 1987. Identification of        Montana's birds of prey. Montana Outdoors. 18(6): 11-31.  [3606]
  • 15.  Dunkle, Sidney W. 1977. Swainson's hawks on the Laramie Plains, Wyoming.        Auk. 94: 65-71.  [22654]
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  • 2.  Baker, R. H. 1940. Effects of burning and grazing on rodent populations.        Journal of Mammalogy. 21: 223.  [2849]
  • 20.  Gilmer, David S.; Stewart, Robert E. 1984. Swainson's hawk nesting        ecology in North Dakota. Condor. 86: 12-18.  [22653]
  • 2011. AOU Check-List (08-2011)
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  • 2011. Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource, 2011.02.25
  • 21.  Herron, Gary B.; Mortimore, Craig A.; Rawlings, Marcus S. 1985.        Red-tailed hawk. In: Nevada raptors: Their biology and management.        Biological Bulletin No. 8. Reno, NV: Nevada Department of Wildlife:        29-30.  [22694]
  • 22.  Holland, Robert F.; Roye, Cynthia L. 1989. Great Valley riparian        habitats and the National Registry of Natural Landmarks. In: Abell, Dana        L., technical coordinator. Proceedings of the California riparian        systems conference: Protection, management, and restoration for the        1990's; 1988 September 22-24; Davis, CA. Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-110.        Berkeley, CA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific        Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station: 69-73.  [13511]
  • 23.  James, Paul C. 1992. Urban-nesting of Swainson's hawks in Saskatchewan.        Condor. 94: 773-774.  [23120]
  • 25.  Landers, J. Larry. 1987. Prescribed burning for managing wildlife in        southeastern pine forests. In: Dickson, James G.; Maughan, O. Eugene,        eds. Managing southern forests for wildlife and fish: a proceedings;        [Date of conference unknown]
  • 26.  Lehman, Robert N.; Allendorf, John W. 1989. The effects of fire, fire        exclusion and fire management on raptor habitats in the western United        States. In: Proceedings of the western raptor management symposium and        workshop; 1987 October 26-28; Boise, ID. Scientific and Technical Series        No. 12. Washington, DC: National Wildlife Federation: 236-244.  [22324]
  • 27.  McGee, John Michael. 1976. Some effects of fire suppression and        prescribed burning on birds and small mammals in sagebrush. Laramie, WY:        University of Wyoming. 114 p. Dissertation.  [16998]
  • 3.  Balda, Russell P.; Masters, Nancy. 1980. Avian communities in the        pinyon-juniper woodland: a descriptive analysis. In: DeGraaf, Richard        M., technical coordinator. Management of western forests and grasslands        for nongame birds: Workshop proceedings; 1980 February 11-14; Salt Lake        City, UT. Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-86. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of        Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment        Station: 146-169.  [17903]
  • 30.  Olendorff, Richard R.; Kochert Michael N. 1977. Land management for the        conservation of birds of prey. In: Chancellor, R. D., ed. World        conference on birds of prey; Report of proceedings; [Date unknown]
  • 31.  Palmer, Ralph S., editor. 1988. Handbook of North American birds. Volume        5. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press. 463 p.  [22303]
  • 32.  Restani, Marco. 1991. Resource partitioning among three Buteo species in        the Centennial Valley, Montana. Condor. 93: 1007-1010.  [20663]
  • 33.  Schlorff, Ronald W.; Bloom, Peter H. 1984. Importance of riparian        systems to nesting Swainson's hawks in the Central Valley of California.        In: Warner, Richard E.; Hendrix, Kathleen M., eds. California riparian        systems: Ecology, conservation, and productive management: Proceedings        of a conference; 1981 September 17-19; Davis, CA. Berkeley, CA:        University of California Press: 612-618.  [5863]
  • 34.  Schmutz, Josef K.; Fyfe, Richard W.; Moore, David A.; Smith, Alan R.        1984. Artificial nests for ferruginous and Swainson's hawks. Journal of        Wildlife Management. 48(3): 1009-1013.  [23122]
  • 35.  Verner, Jared; Boss, Allan S., tech. coords. 1980. California wildlife        and their habitats: western Sierra Nevada. Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-37.        Berkeley, CA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific        Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station. 439 p.  [10237]
  • 36.  Wagle, R. F. 1981. Fire: its effects on plant succession and wildlife in        the Southwest. Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona. 82 p.  [4031]
  • 37.  Schmutz, Josef K.; Fyfe, Richard W.; Moore, David A.; Smith, Alan R.        1984. Artificial nests for ferruginous and Swainson's hawks. Journal of        Wildlife Management. 48(3): 1009-1013.  [23122]
  • 38.  Woodbridge, B. 1991. What do Swainson's hawks really eat?. Journal of        Raptor Research. 25(4): 163. [Abstract]
  • 39.  Young, Leonard S. 1989. Effects of agriculture on raptors in the western        United States: an overview. In: Proceedings of the western raptor        symposium and workshop; 1987 October 26-28; Boise, ID. NWF Scientific        and Technical Series No. 12. Washington, DC: National Wildlife        Federation: 209-218.  [22649]
  • 4.  Bechard, M. J. 1980. Factors affecting the productivity of Swainson's        hawk nesting in southeastern Washington. Pullman, WA: Washington State        University. [Pages unknown]
  • 40.  Kochert, Michael N. 1986. Raptors. In: Cooperrider, Allan Y.; Boyd,        Raymond J.; Stuart, Hanson R., eds. Inventory and monitoring of wildlife        habitat. Denver, CO: U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land        Management, Denver Service Center: 313-349.  [13527]
  • 43.  U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 2013. Listed animals. In: Environmental Conservation Online System, [Online]
  • 5.  Bechard, Marc J. 1982. Effect of vegetative cover on foraging site        selection by Swainson's hawk. Condor. 84(2): 153-159.  [22656]
  • 6.  Bednarz, James C. 1988. Swainson's hawk. In: Glinski, Richard L.;        Pendleton, Beth Giron; Moss, Mary Beth; [and others]
  • 7.  Bednarz, James C.; Hoffman, Stephen W. 1988. The status of breeding        Swainson's hawks in southeastern New Mexico. In: Glinski, Richard L.;        Pendleton, Beth Giron; Moss, Mary Beth; [and others]
  • 9.  Burleigh, Thomas D. 1950. "Give Idaho hawks a break" biologist asks        nimrods; some species helpful to wildlife. Idaho Wildlife Review.        February: 6-7.  [21497]
  • Active Integrated Design (AID), 1997. "Swainson's Hawk" (On-line). Accessed November 30,1999 at http://www.ai-design.com/stargig/raptor/global/content/report/SwainsonsHawk.html.
  • American Ornithologists's Union. 1998. Check-List of North American Birds (The Species of Birds of North America from the Arctic through Panama, Including the West Indies and Hawaiian Islands). 7th.ed.. Allen Press, Inc., Lawrence, Kansas, U.S.A..
  • Arizona Game and Fish Department. 2001. Buteo swainsoni. Unpublished abstract compiled and edited by the Heritage Data Management System, Arizona Game and Fish Department, Phoenix, AZ
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes. 2003. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes. 2003. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner. 1987. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada. Resource Publication, no. 166
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner. 1987. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada. Resource Publication, no. 166. 79
  • BirdLife International 2012. Buteo swainsoni
  • Blumstein and Moller (2008) Is sociality associated with high longevity in North American birds?. Biol Lett, 4:146-148.
  • Brown, N. 1996. "Swainson's hawk profile" (On-line). Accessed November 29, 1999 at http://arnica.csustan.edu/esrpp/swainson.htm.
  • Campos, R. G. 1989. Lista de aves de la Reserva Biológica Carara, Costa Rica. s.d. 4 p.
  • Campos, R.G. 1989. Lista de las Aves de la Reserva Biológica Lomas Barbudal, Cantón de Bagaces, Guanacaste. Español/Inglés. Publicado por Amigos de Lomas Barbudal. 4 p.
  • Campos, R.G. 1989. Notas de campo sobre aves en diferentes sitios del país. Grecia, Costa Rica. 4 p.
  • Centro Científico Tropical (CCT). 1982. El Parque Nacional Manuel Antonio. Inventario Biológico, Terrestre y Marino. Estudios Oceanográficos y Diseño Paisajista. Centro Científico Tropical. Informe Final de Consulta. San José, Costa Rica.
  • Chaves, A. 1988. Inventario Biológico de la Zona Norte. Informe Final, Consultoría realizada para el Centro Agronómico Cantonal de Upala. Organización para Estudios Tropicales. San José, Costa Rica. 180 p.
  • Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, B.L. Sullivan, C. L. Wood, and D. Roberson. 2012. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.7. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/downloadable-clements-checklist
  • Delgado, R.; R.G. Campos; J. Sánchez y Ch. Gómez. 1998. Lista de Aves de Costa Rica/ Checklist of Costa Rican Birds. ASOCIACION ORNITOLOGICA DE COSTA RICA. San José. Costa Rica. 28 p..
  • Elizondo, L.H. 1984. Inventario preliminar de la avifauna del Parque Nacional Braulio Carrillo. Servicio de Parques Nacionales, Ministerio de Agricultura y Ganadería (MAG). San José, Costa Rica. 5 p.
  • Elizondo, L.H. 1985. Inventario preliminar de la avifauna del Parque Nacional Corcovado. Servicio de Parques Nacionales, Ministerio de Agricultura y Ganadería (MAG). San José, Costa Rica. 4 p.
  • Elizondo, L.H. 1992. Especies de Aves Migratorias Neárticas en Costa Rica. Base de Datos de Biodiversidad, Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad (INBio). Santo Domingo, Heredia. Costa Rica. 6 p. (mimeografiado).
  • Gill, Frank, and Minturn Wright. 2006. Birds of the World: Recommended English Names
  • Gill, Frank, and Minturn Wright. 2006. Birds of the World: Recommended English Names. ix + 259
  • Jenkins, R. 1968. List of the Birds of The Interamerican Institute of Agricultural Sciences. Turrialba, Costa Rica. 10 p.
  • L. D. Harris and L. Paur, A quantitative food web analysis of a shortgrass community, Technical Report No. 154, Grassland Biome. U.S. International Biological Program (1972), from p. 17.
  • Lewis, T.J. & F.G. Stiles.1980. Locational checklist of the birds of Costa Rica. Costa Rica Expeditions. San José, Costa Rica.
  • Line, L. 1996. Lethal Migration. Audubon, Sept/Oct: 50.
  • Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 16, 2011 at http://animaldiversity.org. http://www.animaldiversity.org
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2013). ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Sept 12). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/col/. Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Sibley, Ch. and B. Monroe, Jr.. 1990. Distribution and Taxonomy of Birds of the World. Yale University Press. New Haven & London. 1111 p.
  • Sisk, T.D.; Hellen Sparrow & J. Zook. 1992. Aves de la Zona Protectora Las Tablas, Reserva de la Biosfera La Amistad, Costa Rica. Tropical Conservation Biology, Stanford University. Stanford, U.S.A..
  • Slud, P. 1964. The birds of Costa Rica: Distribution and Ecology. Bulletin of The American Museum of Natural History 128: 5-430
  • Slud, P. 1980. The birds of Hacienda Palo Verde, Guanacaste, Costa Rica. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington. 62 p.
  • Stiles, F.G. & A. F.Skutch. 1995. Guía de Aves de Costa Rica.Traducción al Español: Loretta Rosselli. Ilustrado por Dana Gardner. Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad (INBio). Heredia, Costa Rica. 580 p.
  • Stiles, F.G. 1983. Checklist of birds. Pp. 530-544, In: D.H. Janzen (ed.). Costa Rican Natural History. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.
  • Stiles, F.G. 1985. Conservation of forest birds in Costa Rica: Problems and perspectives. ICBP Technical Publication 4: 141-168.
  • Stiles, F.G. 1990. La avifauna de la Universidad de Costa Rica y sus alrededores através de veinte años (1968-1989). Rev. Biol. Trop. 38(2b): 361-381.
  • Texas Parks and Wildlife Department (TPWD), 1997. "Swainson's Hawk" (On-line). Accessed November 30,1999 at http://www.tpwd.state.tx.us/nature/wild/birds/swainson.htm.
  • Wolf, L. 1976. Avifauna of The Cerro de la Muerte Region Costa Rica. American Museum Novitates (2606): 1-37.

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