The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • 1. IUCN Red List (April, 2007) http://www.iucnredlist.org External link.
  • 2. del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A. and Sargatal, J. (1996) Handbook of the Birds of the World. Vol. 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
  • 2011. Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource, 2011.04.02
  • 2011. IOC World Bird List, Master List v2.9
  • 3. African-Eurasian Waterbird Agreement (April, 2007) External link.
  • 4. Borrow, N. and Demey, R. (2001) Birds of Western Africa. Christopher Helm, London.
  • 5. Leseberg, A., Hockey, P.A.R. and Loewenthal, D. (2000) Human disturbance and the chick-rearing ability of African black oystercatchers (Haematopus moquini): a geographical perspective. Biological Conservation, 96 (3): 379 - 385.
  • 6. Hockey, P.A.R. and Underhill, L.G. (1984) Diet of the African black oystercatcher Haematopus moquini on rocky shores: Spatial, temporal and sex related variation. South African Journal of Zoology, 19 (1): 1 - 11.
  • 7. Hockey, P.A.R. (1983) The distribution, population size, movements and conservation of the African black oystercatcher Haematopus moquini. Biological Conservation, 25 (3): 233 - 262.
  • 8. Oystercatcher Conservation Programme Newsletter (October, 2007) External link.
  • Adriaens, P. (2015). Haematopus moquini. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at
  • BirdLife International 2012. Haematopus moquini
  • Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2014. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.9. Downloaded from
  • Gill, Frank, and Minturn Wright. 2006. Birds of the World: Recommended English Names
  • Gill, Frank, and Minturn Wright. 2006. Birds of the World: Recommended English Names. ix + 259
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2015). ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Mar 2015). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Urban, E.K., C.H. Fry & S. Keith (1986). The Birds of Africa, Volume II. Academic Press, London.


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