Data about <i>Buteo jamaicensis</i>

TraitBank assembles data records from many providers. Select a row for more details about the record, or search within Buteo jamaicensis.

Distribution

Data about <i>Buteo jamaicensis</i>
Native range includes
Additional detail United States (USA) US Forest Service Fire Effects Information Service  
  • Latitude
    The geographic latitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are north of the Equator, negative values are south of it. Legal values lie between -90 and 90, inclusive.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLatitude
Latitude min
Additional detail 44.85 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 48.72 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  
  • Longitude
    The geographic longitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are east of the Greenwich Meridian, negative values are west of it. Legal values lie between -180 and 180, inclusive.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLongitude
Longitude min
Additional detail -123 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail -65.4 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  

Physical Description

Data about <i>Buteo jamaicensis</i>
Body length (VT) min
Additional detail 45 cm Birds Animal Diversity Web  
average Additional detail 55 cm Birds Animal Diversity Web  
max Additional detail 65 cm Birds Animal Diversity Web  
Body mass average
Additional detail 1.01 kg Birds Animal Diversity Web  
max Additional detail 1.22 kg Birds Animal Diversity Web  
Additional detail 1.1 kg Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
min Additional detail 795 g Birds Animal Diversity Web  
Wingspan average
Additional detail 1.22 m Birds Animal Diversity Web  
Dimorphism
Additional detail female larger Birds Animal Diversity Web  
Weight
Additional detail 1.36 kg adult AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Additional detail 57.6 g neonate stage AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  

Ecology

Data about <i>Buteo jamaicensis</i>
Habitat
Additional detail terrestrial habitat
  • Terrestrial habitat
    A habitat that is on or at the boundary of the surface of the Earth.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002009
IUCN  
Habitat
Additional detail animal habitation
  • Animal habitation
    The dwelling of an animal or group of similar animals.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005803
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail bay Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail city Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail cliff Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail cold temperature habitat
  • Cold temperature habitat
    A biome characterized by an average temperature of 15deg C or lower. Inhabited by psychrophilic (cryophilic) organisms.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002026
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail desert
  • Desert
    A region rendered barren or partially barren by environmental extremes, especially by low rainfall.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000097
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail dune Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail forest
  • Forest
    An area with a high density of trees. A small forest may be called a wood.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000111
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail island
  • Island
    Area of dry or relatively dry land surrounded by water or low wetland.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000098
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail montane grassland biome
  • Montane grassland biome
    A montane grassland biome is a grassland biome which occurs in regions elevated above sea level and which has community structure determined by elevation-dependent environmental conditions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000194
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail pasture
  • Pasture
    Grassland used for grazing of ungulate livestock as part of a farm or ranch.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000266
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail plain
  • Plain
    A region of general uniform slope, comparatively level, and of considerable extent.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000086
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail plateau
  • Plateau
    An elevated and comparatively level expanse of land.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000182
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail road
  • Road
    An open way for the passage of vehicles, persons, or animals on land.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000064
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail savanna
  • Savanna
    A grassland of the tropics or subtropics with scattered trees.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000261
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail scrubland
  • Scrubland
    Area covered with low-growing or stunted perennial vegetation and usually not mixed with trees.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000300
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail shrubland biome
  • Shrubland biome
    A shrubland biome is a terrestrial biome which includes, across its entire spatial extent, dense groups of shrubs.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000176
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail temperate Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail terrestrial habitat
  • Terrestrial habitat
    A habitat that is on or at the boundary of the surface of the Earth.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002009
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail tropical Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail wetland
  • Wetland
    An area that is inundated or saturated by surface or ground water at a frequency and duration sufficient to support, and that under normal circumstances do support, a prevalence of vegetation typically adapted for life in saturated soil conditions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000043
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail woodland Environments - EOL project  
Foraging Habitat
Additional detail terrestrial habitat
  • Terrestrial habitat
    A habitat that is on or at the boundary of the surface of the Earth.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002009
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
Primary Diet
Additional detail preys upon or scavenges vertebrates adult Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
  • Interacts with
    an organism has an effect on another organism in the community.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/interactsWith
Interacts with
Additional detail Abert's Squirrel GloBI  
Additional detail Antillean Euphonia GloBI  
Additional detail Bald Eagle GloBI  
Additional detail Bananaquit GloBI  
Additional detail Barred Anole GloBI  
Additional detail Beechey's Ground Squirrel GloBI  
Additional detail Black Rat GloBI  
Additional detail Black-cowled Oriole GloBI  
Additional detail Black-tailed Prairie Dog GloBI  
Additional detail Black-whiskered Vireo GloBI  
Additional detail Bobcat GloBI  
Additional detail California Gull GloBI  
Additional detail California Vole GloBI  
Additional detail Cane Toad GloBI  
Additional detail Chipmunk GloBI  
Additional detail Clark's Nutcracker GloBI  
Additional detail Cottontail Rabbits GloBI  
Additional detail Coyote GloBI  
Additional detail Crow GloBI  
Additional detail Cuvier's Anole GloBI  
Additional detail Deer Mice GloBI  
Additional detail Desert Woodrat GloBI  
Additional detail Elfin-woods Warbler GloBI  
Additional detail Epilobocera GloBI  
Additional detail Evermann's Anole GloBI  
Additional detail Geckos GloBI  
Additional detail Golden Eagle GloBI  
Additional detail Golden-mantled Ground Squirrel GloBI  
Additional detail Great Horned Owl GloBI  
Additional detail Ground Squirrels GloBI  
Additional detail Horned Lizards GloBI  
Additional detail House Sparrow GloBI  
Additional detail Idaho Ground Squirrel GloBI  
Additional detail Northwestern Crow GloBI  
Additional detail Pearly-eyed Thrasher GloBI  
Additional detail Puerto Rican Parrot GloBI  
Additional detail Puerto Rican Racer GloBI  
Additional detail Puerto Rican Woodpecker GloBI  
Additional detail Richardson's Ground Squirrel GloBI  
Additional detail Scaly-naped Pigeon GloBI  
Additional detail Scolopendra alternans GloBI  
Additional detail Short-eared Owl GloBI  
Additional detail Shrew Mole GloBI  
Additional detail Small Indian Mongoose GloBI  
Additional detail Spiders GloBI  
Additional detail Spruce Grouse GloBI  
Additional detail Taiga Vole GloBI  
Additional detail Thirteen-lined Ground Squirrel GloBI  
Additional detail Vole GloBI  
Additional detail Washington Ground Squirrel GloBI  
Additional detail Western Antillean Anoles GloBI  
Additional detail Western Pocket Gophers GloBI  
Additional detail Western Spindalis GloBI  
Feeds on
Additional detail Abert's Squirrel GloBI  
Additional detail American Coot GloBI  
Additional detail Amotus GloBI  
Additional detail Antillean Euphonia GloBI  
Additional detail Bananaquit GloBI  
Additional detail Barred Anole GloBI  
Additional detail Beechey's Ground Squirrel GloBI  
Additional detail Black Rat GloBI  
Additional detail Black-cowled Oriole GloBI  
Additional detail Black-whiskered Vireo GloBI  
Additional detail California Gull GloBI  
Additional detail California Vole GloBI  
Additional detail Cane Toad GloBI  
Additional detail Clark's Nutcracker GloBI  
Additional detail Cottontail Rabbits GloBI  
Additional detail Cuvier's Anole GloBI  
Additional detail Deer Mice GloBI  
Additional detail Desert Cottontail GloBI  
Additional detail Desert Woodrat GloBI  
Additional detail Elfin-woods Warbler GloBI  
Additional detail Epilobocera GloBI  
Additional detail Evermann's Anole GloBI  
Additional detail Geckos GloBI  
Additional detail Golden-mantled Ground Squirrel GloBI  
Additional detail Ground Squirrels GloBI  
Additional detail Ground Squirrels GloBI  
Additional detail Idaho Ground Squirrel GloBI  
Additional detail Northwestern Crow GloBI  
Additional detail Pearly-eyed Thrasher GloBI  
Additional detail Puerto Rican Parrot GloBI  
Additional detail Puerto Rican Racer GloBI  
Additional detail Puerto Rican Woodpecker GloBI  
Additional detail San Diego Gopher Snake GloBI  
Additional detail Scaly-naped Pigeon GloBI  
Additional detail Scolopendra alternans GloBI  
Additional detail Short-eared Owl GloBI  
Additional detail Shrew Mole GloBI  
Additional detail Small Indian Mongoose GloBI  
Additional detail Spiders GloBI  
Additional detail Spruce Grouse GloBI  
Additional detail Taiga Vole GloBI  
Additional detail Washington Ground Squirrel GloBI  
Additional detail Western Antillean Anoles GloBI  
Additional detail Western Spindalis GloBI  
  • Interacts with
    an organism has an effect on another organism in the community.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/interactsWithreverse
Interacts with
Additional detail Abert's Squirrel GloBI  
Additional detail American Crow GloBI  
Additional detail American Kestrel GloBI  
Additional detail American Pika GloBI  
Additional detail Antillean Euphonia GloBI  
Additional detail Arizona Pocket Mouse GloBI  
Additional detail Bananaquit GloBI  
Additional detail Barred Anole GloBI  
Additional detail Beechey's Ground Squirrel GloBI  
Additional detail Black Rat GloBI  
Additional detail Black-billed Magpie GloBI  
Additional detail Black-cowled Oriole GloBI  
Additional detail Black-tailed Prairie Dog GloBI  
Additional detail Black-whiskered Vireo GloBI  
Additional detail Blue-winged Teal GloBI  
Additional detail Brown-throated Parakeet GloBI  
Additional detail Buller's Pocket Gopher GloBI  
Additional detail Bushy-tailed Woodrat GloBI  
Additional detail California Gull GloBI  
Additional detail California Vole GloBI  
Additional detail Cane Toad GloBI  
Additional detail Cascade Mantled Ground Squirrel GloBI  
Additional detail Chiriqui Brown Mouse GloBI  
Additional detail Clark's Nutcracker GloBI  
Additional detail Common Grackle GloBI  
Additional detail Cooper''s Hawk GloBI  
Additional detail Cuvier's Anole GloBI  
Additional detail Desert Tortoise GloBI  
Additional detail Desert Woodrat GloBI  
Additional detail Eastern Cottontail GloBI  
Additional detail Eastern Gray Squirrel GloBI  
Additional detail Elfin-woods Warbler GloBI  
Additional detail Evermann's Anole GloBI  
Additional detail Fox Squirrel GloBI  
Additional detail Fringe-toed Lizard GloBI  
Additional detail Glenurus gratus GloBI  
Additional detail Golden-mantled Ground Squirrel GloBI  
Additional detail Gray Catbird GloBI  
Additional detail Great Blue Heron GloBI  
Additional detail Great Horned Owl GloBI  
Additional detail Grey-breasted Jay GloBI  
Additional detail Idaho Ground Squirrel GloBI  
Additional detail Lesser Scaup GloBI  
Additional detail Lodgepole Chipmunk GloBI  
Additional detail Long-eared Owl GloBI  
Additional detail Marsh Rabbit GloBI  
Additional detail Meadow Jumping Mouse GloBI  
Additional detail Mexican Free-tailed Bat GloBI  
Additional detail Mountain Bluebird GloBI  
Additional detail Northern Chuckwalla GloBI  
Additional detail Northwestern Crow GloBI  
Additional detail Osprey GloBI  
Additional detail Pearly-eyed Thrasher GloBI  
Additional detail Pinyon Jay GloBI  
Additional detail Puerto Rican Parrot GloBI  
Additional detail Puerto Rican Racer GloBI  
Additional detail Red Squirrel GloBI  
Additional detail Red-headed Woodpecker GloBI  
Additional detail Red-shouldered Hawk GloBI  
Additional detail Red-tailed Hawk GloBI  
Additional detail Red-tailed Hawk GloBI  
Additional detail Richardson's Ground Squirrel GloBI  
Additional detail Ring-necked Pheasant GloBI  
Additional detail Ruddy Duck GloBI  
Additional detail Scaled Quail GloBI  
Additional detail Scaly-naped Pigeon GloBI  
Additional detail Scolopendra alternans GloBI  
Additional detail Short-eared Owl GloBI  
Additional detail Shrew Mole GloBI  
Additional detail Slevin's Chuckwalla GloBI  
Additional detail Small Indian Mongoose GloBI  
Additional detail Snowshoe Hare GloBI  
Additional detail Spiders GloBI  
Additional detail Spotted Chuckwalla GloBI  
Additional detail Spotted Ground Squirrel GloBI  
Additional detail Spotted Owl GloBI  
Additional detail Spruce Grouse GloBI  
Additional detail Star-nosed Mole GloBI  
Additional detail Taiga Vole GloBI  
Additional detail Thirteen-lined Ground Squirrel GloBI  
Additional detail Timber Rattlesnake GloBI  
Additional detail Townsend's Mole GloBI  
Additional detail Washington Ground Squirrel GloBI  
Additional detail Western Antillean Anoles GloBI  
Additional detail Western Gopher Snake GloBI  
Additional detail Western Spindalis GloBI  
Additional detail Western Tanager GloBI  
Additional detail White-faced Ibis GloBI  
Additional detail Willet GloBI  

Life History and Behavior

Data about <i>Buteo jamaicensis</i>
Nest type
Additional detail open cup Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
Developmental Mode
Additional detail altricial
  • Altricial
    Parent(s) provide food and thermoregulation (e.g., passerines).
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/altricial
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
Foraging time
Additional detail diurnal Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
Parental care
Additional detail occasionally breeds cooperatively
  • Occasionally breeds cooperatively
    The species has been known to breed cooperatively, with nonparents providing care.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/occasionalCooperativeBreeding
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
Clutch/brood/litter size
Additional detail 3 AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Log10 productivity
Additional detail -0.795 Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
Litters per year
Additional detail 1 per year AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Total life span max
Additional detail 30.7 years AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Onset of fertility
Additional detail 2.0 years male AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Additional detail 2.0 years female AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Growth rate
Additional detail 0.19 per day AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
  • Prenatal development duration
    The duration of the development from fertilized, deposited or implanted egg to hatching/birth. Corresponds to egg incubation duration in oviparous animals and to gestation period duration in viviparous animals.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PrenatalDevelopmentDuration
Prenatal development duration
Additional detail 31 days AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  

Evolution and Systematics

Data about <i>Buteo jamaicensis</i>
First Appearance (Older Bound)
Additional detail 5.33 million years ago The Paleobiology Database  
First Appearance (Younger Bound)
Additional detail 3.6 million years ago The Paleobiology Database  
Last Appearance (Older Bound)
Additional detail 0.0117 million years ago The Paleobiology Database  
Last Appearance (Younger Bound)
Additional detail 0 million years ago The Paleobiology Database  

Conservation

Data about <i>Buteo jamaicensis</i>
Population trend
Additional detail Increasing IUCN  
Extinction status
Additional detail extinct
  • Extinct
    A taxon is Extinct when there is no reasonable doubt that the last individual has died. A taxon is presumed Extinct when exhaustive surveys in known and/or expected habitat, at appropriate times (diurnal, seasonal, annual), throughout its historic range have failed to record an individual. Surveys should be over a time frame appropriate to the taxon’s life cycle and life form.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/extinct
The Paleobiology Database  

Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Data about <i>Buteo jamaicensis</i>
Conservation status
Additional detail least concern
  • Least concern
    A taxon is Least Concern when it has been evaluated against the criteria and does not qualify for Critically Endangered, Endangered, Vulnerable or Near Threatened. Widespread and abundant taxa are included in this category.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/leastConcern
IUCN  
Not invasive in
Additional detail United States (USA) US Forest Service Fire Effects Information Service  

Other

Data about <i>Buteo jamaicensis</i>
Migratorystatus
Additional detail migratory
  • Migratory
    Makes seasonal movements between breeding and wintering grounds
    http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#Migratory
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  

Disclaimer

EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!