The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

  • 1996. database, NODC Taxonomic Code
  • 2006. website, AOU Check-List (07-2006)
  • 2006. website, Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource, 2006.12.10
  • AKNHP, 1998. "AKNHP" (On-line). Accessed 03/02/04 at http://www.uaa.alaska.edu/enri/aknhp_web/biodiversity/zoological/spp_of_concern/spp_status_reports/ceider/ceider.html.
  • Adriaens, P. (2013). Somateria mollissima (Linnaeus, 1758). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=137074
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes. 2003. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes. 2003. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner. 1987. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada. Resource Publication, no. 166
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner. 1987. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada. Resource Publication, no. 166. 79
  • Bedard, J., J. Munro. 1977. Gull predation and creching behavior in the Common Eider. Journal of Animal Ecology, 46: 799-810.
  • BirdLife International 2012. Somateria mollissima
  • C. Linnaeus. 1758. Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, secundum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Synonymis, Locis. Tomus I. Laurentii Salvii, Holmiae (Stockholm)
  • Dickinson, Edward C., ed. 2003. The Howard and Moore Complete Checklist of the Birds of the World, 3rd edition
  • Dickinson, Edward C., ed. 2003. The Howard and Moore Complete Checklist of the Birds of the World, 3rd edition. 1039
  • EURING list of longevity records for European birds (Online source)   http://www.euring.org/data_and_codes/longevity.htm External link.
  • Ehrlich, P., D. Dobkin, D. Wheye. 1988. The Birder's Handbook: A Field Guide to the Natural History of North American Birds. New York: Simon and Schuster Inc.
  • Gill, Frank, and Minturn Wright. 2006. Birds of the World: Recommended English Names
  • Gill, Frank, and Minturn Wright. 2006. Birds of the World: Recommended English Names. ix + 259
  • Guillemette, M. 1998. The effect of time and digestion constraints in Common Eiders while feeding and diving over Blue Mussel beds. Functional Ecology, 12: 123-131.
  • Guillemette, M., J. Himmelman, R. Ydenberg. 1992. The role of energy intake in prey and habitat selection of Common Eider (Somateria mollissima) in winter: A risk-sensitive interpretation. Journal of Animal Ecology, 61: 599-610.
  • Hall SJ, Raffaelli D (1991) Food-web patterns: lessons from a species-rich web. J Anim Ecol 60:823–842
  • Huxham M, Beany S, Raffaelli D (1996) Do parasites reduce the chances of triangulation in a real food web? Oikos 76:284–300
  • Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp.   http://www.marinespecies.org/echinoidea/aphia.php?p=sourcedetails&id=8 External link.
  • National Audubon Society, Inc., 2000. "Project Puffin, Virtual Puffin: An Interactive Tour of Eastern Egg Rock" (On-line). Accessed 02/03/04 at http://www.audubon.org/bird/puffin/virtual/eider.html.
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
  • Nuttal, T. 1929. Birds of the United States and Canada. Boston: Little, Brown, and Company.
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2013). ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Sept 12). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/col/. Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Peterson, R. 1980. A Field Guide to the Birds East of the Rockies. United Sates of America: Roger Tory Peterson.

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