The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

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  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner. 1987. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada. Resource Publication, no. 166. 79
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  • BirdLife International 2008, 2008. "Aythya affinis" (On-line). The IUCN Redlist. Accessed April 02, 2009 at http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/141551.
  • BirdLife International 2012. Aythya affinis
  • Birkenstein, L. R. y Tomlinson, R. E. 1981. Native Names of Mexican Birds. Resource Publication 139. Washington D.C. USA.
  • Blake, E. R. 1972. Birds of México. A guide for field identification. Chicago.
  • Boggiatto, R. J. 1998. Nesting ecology of ducks at Eagle, Lassen County, California. California Fish and Game. 84: 61-73.
  • Brook, R. W. y Clark, R. G. 2002. Retention and effects of nasal markers and subcutaneously implanted radio transmitters on breeding female Lesser Scaup. Journal of Field Ornithology. 73: 212-296.
  • C. A. Carlson, Summer bottom fauna of the Mississippi River, above Dam 19, Keokuk, Iowa, Ecology 49(1):162-168, from p. 167 (1968).
  • Carboneras, C. 1992. Lesser Scaup (Aythya affinis). Handbook of the Birds of the World. : 618-619
  • Carmona, M. C. 1995. Estudio preliminar de la avifauna de Tecolutla, Veracruz. Tesis (licenciatura). Depto. de Biología Experimental, Escuela Nacional de Estudios Profesionales, Unidad Iztacala, U.N.A.M. México.
  • Ceballos, G., Arizmendi-Arriaga, M.C. y Márquez-Valdelamar, L. M. 2000. La diversidad y conservación de las aves de México. En: G. Ceballos y L. Márquez Valdelamar (eds.) Las aves de México en peligro de extinción. Fondo de Culutra Económica. UNAM. CONABIO.
  • Clapp et al. (1982) Longevity records of North American birds: Gaviidae through Alcidae. J Field Ornithol, 53:81-124.
  • Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, B.L. Sullivan, C. L. Wood, and D. Roberson. 2012. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.7. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/downloadable-clements-checklist
  • Coates-Estrada, R. y Estrada-Medina, J. A. 1985. Lista de aves de la Estación de Biología de Los Tuxtlas. México.
  • Cottam, C. 1933. Feeding habits of the Lesser Scaup Duck. CONDOR. 35 (3) : 118-119.
  • Custer, C. M. y Custer, T. W. 1996. Food habits of diving ducks in the Great Lakes after the zebra mussel invasion. Journal of Field Ornithology. 67 (1) : 86-99.
  • Custer, C. M. y Custer, T. W. 2000. Organochlorine and trace element contamination, in wintering and migrating diving ducks in the southern Great Lakes, USA, since the zebra mussel invasion. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. 19: 2821-2829.
  • Custer, C. M., Custer, T. W. y Sparks, D. W. 1996. Radio telemetry documents 24-hour feeding activity of wintering Lesser Scaup. Wilson Bulletin. 108 (3) : 556-566.
  • Custer, C. M., Custer, T. W., Sparks, D. W., Hines, R. K. y Kochanny, C. O. 1996. Movements patterns of wintering Lesser scaup in Grand Calumet River Indiana Harbor Canal, Indiana. Journal of Great Lakes Research. 22: 95-99.
  • Custer, C., T. Custer, M. Anteau, A. Afton, D. Wooten. 2003. Trace Elements in Lesser Scaup (Aythya affinis) from the Mississippi Flyway. Ecotoxicology, 12: 47-54.
  • Custer, T. W., Custer, C. M., Hines, R. K. y Sparks, D. W. 2000. Trace elements, organochlorines, polycycle aromatic hydrocarbons, dioxins, and furans in Lesser Scaup wintering on the Indiana Harbor Canal. Enviromental pollution. 110: 469-482.
  • Custer, T. W., Custer, C. M., Hines, R. K., Sparks, D. W., Melancon, M. J., Hoffman, D. J., Bickham, J. W y Wickliffe, J. K- 2000. Mixed-function oxygenases, oxidative stress, and cromosomal damage measured in Lesser Scaup wintering on the Indiana Harbor Canal. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology. 38 (4) : 522-529.
  • Davis, L. I. 1972. A field Guide to the Birds of Mexico and Central America. University of Texas Press. Austin, Texas.
  • Dawson, R. D. y Clark, R. G. 1996. Effects of variation in egg size and hatching date on survival of Lesser Scaup Aythya affinis ducklings. Ibis. 148: 693-699.
  • Dawson, R. D. y Clark, R. G. 2000. Effects of hatching date and egg size on growht, recruitment, and adult size of Lesser Scaup. CONDOR. 102 (4) : 930-935.
  • Dawson, R., R. Clark. 1996. Effects of variation in egg size and hatching date on survival of Lesser Scaup Aythya affinis ducklings.. Ibis, 138: 693-699.
  • Delgado, R.; R.G. Campos; J. Sánchez y Ch. Gómez. 1998. Lista de Aves de Costa Rica/ Checklist of Costa Rican Birds. ASOCIACION ORNITOLOGICA DE COSTA RICA. San José. Costa Rica. 28 p..
  • Edwards, E. P. 1972. A field guide to the birds of Mexico. E.P. Edwards Pub. Sweet Briar, VA.
  • Elizondo, L.H. 1992. Especies de Aves Migratorias Neárticas en Costa Rica. Base de Datos de Biodiversidad, Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad (INBio). Santo Domingo, Heredia. Costa Rica. 6 p. (mimeografiado).
  • Escalante-Pliego, P., Sada, M. A. y Robles-Gil, J. 1996. Listado de nombres comunes de las aves de México. CONABIO; Comisión Nacional para el Conocimiento y Uso de la Biodiversidad y Sierra Madre. México D.F.
  • Esler, D. 1994. Dynamics of ovarian follicles in breeding ducks. Wilson Bulletin. 106 (4) : 679-688.
  • Esler, D. 1999. Time of day of ovulation by three duck species in subartic Alaska. CONDOR. 101 (2) : 422-425.
  • Esler, D., Grand, J. B. y Afton, A. D. 2001. Intraspecific variation in nutrient reserve use during clutch foramation by Lesser Scaup. CONDOR. 103 (4) : 810-820.
  • Esparza, S. R. 2001. Avifauna acuáticde la laguna Xola-Paramán, Jalisco, México. Tesis . México.
  • Espinosa, I. J. A. 1999. Distribución de la riqueza, endemismo y rareza: criterios para la conservación de las aves de la sierra de San Juan, Nayarit, México. Tesis (licenciatura). Departamento de Biología, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. México D. F.
  • Forcey, J. M. 2002. Notes on the birds to central Oaxaca, Part I: Podicipedidae to Laridae. Huitzil. (3): 1-10
  • Fournier, M. A. 2000. Incidents of mixed clutches among Scaup and Ring-billed Gulls. Waterbirds. 23 (1) : 114-116.
  • Fournier, M. A. y Hines, J. E 1996. Anomalies in the eggs of diving ducks of genus Aythya. Canadian Field Naturalist. 110 (4) : 700-701.
  • Fournier, M. A. y Hines, J. E 2001. Breeding ecology of sympatric greater and Lesser Scaup (Aythya marila and Aythya affinis) in the Subartic Northwest. Arctic. 54 (4) : 444-456.
  • Friedmann, H., Griscom, L. y Moore, R. T. 1950. Distributional check-list of the birds of Mexico. Part I. Cooper Ornithological Club. (29) .
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  • Howell, S. N. G y Webb, S. 1995. A guide to the birds of Mexico and northern Central America. Oxford University Press. Nueva York, Estados Unidos.
  • Jenkins, R. 1968. List of the Birds of The Interamerican Institute of Agricultural Sciences. Turrialba, Costa Rica. 10 p.
  • Kaeding, H. B. 1905. Birds from the west coast of Lower California and adyacent islands. CONDOR. 7 (4) : 105-111.
  • Koons, D. N. 2000. First record of Brown-headed Cowbird egg in Lesser Scaup nest. Wilson Bulletin. 112 (4) : 554.
  • Kortright, F. 1967. The ducks, geese and swans of North America. The Stackpole Co. Washington D.C. USA.
  • Lesser Scaup (Aythya affinis). The Internet Bird Collection. Lynx Edicions, n.d. Web. 20 July 2012. http://ibc.lynxeds.com/species/lesser-scaup-aythya-affinis.
  • Lewis, T.J. & F.G. Stiles.1980. Locational checklist of the birds of Costa Rica. Costa Rica Expeditions. San José, Costa Rica.
  • Lindeman, D. H. y Clark, R. G. 1999. Amphipods, land-use impacts, and Lesser Scaup (Ayhtya affinis) distribution in Saskatchewan wetlands. Wetlands. 19 (3) : 627-638.
  • Lindeman, D., R. Clark. 1999. Amphipods, land-use impacts, and lesser scaup (Aythya Affinis) distribution in Saskatchewan wetlands. Wetlands, 19: 627-638.
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  • Mazak, E. J., MacIsaac, H. J., Servos, M. R. y Hesslein, R. 1997. Influence of feeding habits on organochlorine contaminant accumulation in waterfowl on the Great Lakes. Ecological applications. 7 (4) : 1133-1143.
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  • Moore, J. L., Hohman, W. L., Stark, T. M. y Weisbrich, G. A. 1998. Shot prevalences and diets of diving ducks five years after ban on use of lead shotsells at Catahoula Lake, Louisiana. Journal of Wildlife Management. 62 (2) : 564-569.
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