Data about <i>Aix sponsa</i>

TraitBank assembles data records from many providers. Select a row for more details about the record, or search within Aix sponsa.

Distribution

Data about <i>Aix sponsa</i>
Native range includes
Additional detail United States (USA) US Forest Service Fire Effects Information Service  
  • Geographic distribution
    A description of the geographic distribution, or range, of the taxon. Includes descriptions of global, regional, or political aspects of range and whether the taxon is native or introduced in portions of the range and endemicity.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/ontology/voc/SPMInfoItems#Distribution
Geographic distribution
Additional detail Gulf of Maine World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail Gulf of Mexico World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail North West Atlantic World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail Portuguese Exclusive Economic Zone World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail Spanish Exclusive Economic Zone World Register of Marine Species  
  • Latitude
    The geographic latitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are north of the Equator, negative values are south of it. Legal values lie between -90 and 90, inclusive.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLatitude
Latitude min
Additional detail 18.21 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 44.85 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  
  • Longitude
    The geographic longitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are east of the Greenwich Meridian, negative values are west of it. Legal values lie between -180 and 180, inclusive.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLongitude
Longitude max
Additional detail -65.4 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  
min Additional detail -97.8 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  

Physical Description

Data about <i>Aix sponsa</i>
Body length (VT) min
Additional detail 47 cm Birds Animal Diversity Web  
average Additional detail 50.5 cm Birds Animal Diversity Web  
max Additional detail 54 cm Birds Animal Diversity Web  
Body mass
Additional detail 657.66 g Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
Additional detail 448 g AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
average Additional detail 600 g Birds Animal Diversity Web  
min Additional detail 635 g Birds Animal Diversity Web  
max Additional detail 681 g Birds Animal Diversity Web  
Wingspan min
Additional detail 70 cm Birds Animal Diversity Web  
average Additional detail 71.5 cm Birds Animal Diversity Web  
max Additional detail 73 cm Birds Animal Diversity Web  
Dimorphism
Additional detail male larger Birds Animal Diversity Web  
Additional detail male more colorful Birds Animal Diversity Web  
Additional detail Sexes colored or patterned differently
  • Sexes colored or patterned differently
    http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#Sexes_colored_or_patterned_differently
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
Weight
Additional detail 23.7 g neonate stage AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Additional detail 452.8 g adult AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  

Ecology

Data about <i>Aix sponsa</i>
Habitat
Additional detail animal habitation
  • Animal habitation
    The dwelling of an animal or group of similar animals.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005803
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail aquatic habitat Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail bay Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail canopy Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail channel
  • Channel
    The physical confine of a river, slough or ocean strait consisting of a bed and banks.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000395
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail coast
  • Coast
    The general region of indefinite width that extends from the sea inland to the first major change in terrain features.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000303
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail coniferous forest biome
  • Coniferous forest biome
    A coniferous forest biome is a forest biome which contains densely packed populations or communities of coniferous trees, strongly limiting light penetration to the forest floor.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000196
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail flood plain
  • Flood plain
    An area which is subject to periodic flooding.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000255
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail flood plain
  • Flood plain
    An area which is subject to periodic flooding.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000255
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail flood plain
  • Flood plain
    An area which is subject to periodic flooding.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000255
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail forest
  • Forest
    An area with a high density of trees. A small forest may be called a wood.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000111
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail forest
  • Forest
    An area with a high density of trees. A small forest may be called a wood.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000111
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail fresh water Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail freshwater habitat
  • Freshwater habitat
    A habitat that is in or on a body of water containing low concentrations of dissolved salts and other total dissolved solids (<0.5 grams dissolved salts per litre).
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002037
IUCN  
Additional detail hammock
  • Hammock
    A patch of ground, distinct from and slightly above the surrounding plain or wetland. Often occurs in groups.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000516
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail lake
  • Lake
    A body of water or other liquid of considerable size contained on a body of land.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000020
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail Large river biome Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail marsh
  • Marsh
    A wetland, featuring grasses, rushes, reeds, typhas, sedges, and other herbaceous plants (possibly with low-growing woody plants) in a context of shallow water.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000035
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail marsh
  • Marsh
    A wetland, featuring grasses, rushes, reeds, typhas, sedges, and other herbaceous plants (possibly with low-growing woody plants) in a context of shallow water.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000035
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail mixed forest biome
  • Mixed forest biome
    A mixed forest biome is a forest biome which contains densely packed populations or communities of broadleaf and coniferous trees, strongly limiting light penetration to the forest floor.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000198
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail plain
  • Plain
    A region of general uniform slope, comparatively level, and of considerable extent.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000086
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail plateau
  • Plateau
    An elevated and comparatively level expanse of land.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000182
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail plateau
  • Plateau
    An elevated and comparatively level expanse of land.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000182
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail pond
  • Pond
    A body of water, usually of smaller size than a lake.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000033
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail prairie
  • Prairie
    An area of land of low topographic relief that historically supported grasses and herbs, with few trees, and having generally a mesic (moderate or temperate) climate. Dominated by tall grasses (contrast steppe).
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000260
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail river
  • River
    Natural freshwater surface streams of considerable volume and a permanent or seasonal flow, moving in a definite channel toward a sea, lake, or another river; any large streams, or ones larger than brooks or creeks, such as the trunk stream and larger branches of a drainage system.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000022
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail river valley
  • River valley
    A valley that contains, and has been formed by, a river.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000171
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail river valley
  • River valley
    A valley that contains, and has been formed by, a river.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000171
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail savanna
  • Savanna
    A grassland of the tropics or subtropics with scattered trees.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000261
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail scrubland
  • Scrubland
    Area covered with low-growing or stunted perennial vegetation and usually not mixed with trees.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000300
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail scrubland
  • Scrubland
    Area covered with low-growing or stunted perennial vegetation and usually not mixed with trees.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000300
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail sea
  • Sea
    A large expanse of saline water usually connected with an ocean.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000016
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail shore
  • Shore
    That part of the land in immediate contact with a body of water including the area between high and low water lines.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000304
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail shoreline
  • Shoreline
    The line of contact between a body of water and the land.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000486
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail Small lake biome Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail stream
  • Stream
    Linear body of water flowing on the Earth's surface.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000023
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail stream
  • Stream
    Linear body of water flowing on the Earth's surface.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000023
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail stream
  • Stream
    Linear body of water flowing on the Earth's surface.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000023
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail swamp
  • Swamp
    A wetland that features permanent inundation of large areas of land by shallow bodies of water, generally with a substantial number of hummocks, or dry-land protrusions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000233
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail swamp
  • Swamp
    A wetland that features permanent inundation of large areas of land by shallow bodies of water, generally with a substantial number of hummocks, or dry-land protrusions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000233
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail temperate Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail terrestrial biome
  • Terrestrial biome
    A biome that applies to the terrestrial realm.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000446
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail terrestrial habitat
  • Terrestrial habitat
    A habitat that is on or at the boundary of the surface of the Earth.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002009
IUCN  
Additional detail wetland
  • Wetland
    An area that is inundated or saturated by surface or ground water at a frequency and duration sufficient to support, and that under normal circumstances do support, a prevalence of vegetation typically adapted for life in saturated soil conditions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000043
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail wetland
  • Wetland
    An area that is inundated or saturated by surface or ground water at a frequency and duration sufficient to support, and that under normal circumstances do support, a prevalence of vegetation typically adapted for life in saturated soil conditions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000043
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail wetland
  • Wetland
    An area that is inundated or saturated by surface or ground water at a frequency and duration sufficient to support, and that under normal circumstances do support, a prevalence of vegetation typically adapted for life in saturated soil conditions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000043
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail wetland
  • Wetland
    An area that is inundated or saturated by surface or ground water at a frequency and duration sufficient to support, and that under normal circumstances do support, a prevalence of vegetation typically adapted for life in saturated soil conditions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000043
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail wetland
  • Wetland
    An area that is inundated or saturated by surface or ground water at a frequency and duration sufficient to support, and that under normal circumstances do support, a prevalence of vegetation typically adapted for life in saturated soil conditions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000043
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail wetland
  • Wetland
    An area that is inundated or saturated by surface or ground water at a frequency and duration sufficient to support, and that under normal circumstances do support, a prevalence of vegetation typically adapted for life in saturated soil conditions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000043
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail wetland
  • Wetland
    An area that is inundated or saturated by surface or ground water at a frequency and duration sufficient to support, and that under normal circumstances do support, a prevalence of vegetation typically adapted for life in saturated soil conditions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000043
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail wood Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail woodland Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail zoological garden
  • Zoological garden
    A facility in which animals are confined within enclosures and displayed to the public, and in which they may also be bred.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00010625
Environments - EOL project  
Foraging Habitat
Additional detail freshwater habitat
  • Freshwater habitat
    A habitat that is in or on a body of water containing low concentrations of dissolved salts and other total dissolved solids (<0.5 grams dissolved salts per litre).
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002037
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
Primary Diet
Additional detail eats seeds adult Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
  • Interacts with
    an organism has an effect on another organism in the community.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/interactsWith
Interacts with
Additional detail American Alligator GloBI  
Additional detail American Bullfrog GloBI  
Additional detail Arthropods GloBI  
Additional detail Black Bass GloBI  
Additional detail Black Rat Snake GloBI  
Additional detail Common Gray Fox GloBI  
Additional detail Common Starling GloBI  
Additional detail Crows & Ravens GloBI  
Additional detail Fox Squirrel GloBI  
Additional detail Great Horned Owl GloBI  
Additional detail Hooded Merganser GloBI  
Additional detail Insects GloBI  
Additional detail Mink GloBI  
Additional detail Molluscs GloBI  
Additional detail Northern Raccoon GloBI  
Additional detail Red Fox GloBI  
Additional detail Snapping Turtle GloBI  
Additional detail Weasels GloBI  
  • Hosts
    provides some resource to a symbiont, either commensal, parasitic or mutualistic
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/hosts
Hosts
Additional detail Wood Duck GloBI  
Additional detail Wood Duck GloBI  
Feeds on
Additional detail Arthropods GloBI  
Additional detail Bony Fishes GloBI  
Additional detail Insects GloBI  
Additional detail Molluscs GloBI  
  • Interacts with
    an organism has an effect on another organism in the community.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/interactsWithreverse
Interacts with
Additional detail American Alligator GloBI  
Additional detail Black Rat Snake GloBI  
Additional detail Common Gray Fox GloBI  
Additional detail Great Horned Owl GloBI  
Additional detail Northern Raccoon GloBI  
Additional detail Red Fox GloBI  
Additional detail Wood Duck GloBI  
Additional detail Wood Duck GloBI  
  • Has predator
    is consumed for energetic or other nutritional needs (by another organism)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/HasPredator
Has predator
Additional detail American Alligator GloBI  
Additional detail Black Rat Snake GloBI  
Additional detail Common Gray Fox GloBI  
Additional detail Great Horned Owl GloBI  
Additional detail Northern Raccoon GloBI  
Additional detail Red Fox GloBI  
Additional detail Weasels GloBI  

Life History and Behavior

Data about <i>Aix sponsa</i>
Nest type
Additional detail cavity
  • Cavity
    The nest is placed in a cavity with a narrow/protected entrance.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/nestCavity
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
Developmental Mode
Additional detail precocial
  • Precocial
    Parent(s) provide neither food nor thermoregulation (e.g., pheasants and ducks).
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/precocial
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
Foraging time
Additional detail diurnal Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
Parental care
Additional detail only female provides care
  • Only female provides care
    Only the female feeds and nurtures offspring.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/parentalCareFemale
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
Clutch/brood/litter size
Additional detail 12 AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Log10 productivity
Additional detail -0.109 Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
Litters per year
Additional detail 2 per year AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Total life span max
Additional detail 22.5 years AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Onset of fertility
Additional detail 1.0 years male AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Additional detail 1.0 years female AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
  • Prenatal development duration
    The duration of the development from fertilized, deposited or implanted egg to hatching/birth. Corresponds to egg incubation duration in oviparous animals and to gestation period duration in viviparous animals.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PrenatalDevelopmentDuration
Prenatal development duration
Additional detail 31 days AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  

Evolution and Systematics

Data about <i>Aix sponsa</i>
First Appearance (Older Bound)
Additional detail 4.9 million years ago The Paleobiology Database  
First Appearance (Younger Bound)
Additional detail 1.8 million years ago The Paleobiology Database  
Last Appearance (Older Bound)
Additional detail 0.13 million years ago The Paleobiology Database  
Last Appearance (Younger Bound)
Additional detail 0.0117 million years ago The Paleobiology Database  

Physiology and Cell Biology

Data about <i>Aix sponsa</i>
  • Basal metabolic rate
    Basal metabolic rate (BMR) is the amount of energy expended daily by humans and other animals at rest. Rest is defined as existing in a neutrally temperate environment while in the post-absorptive state.
    http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/SNOMEDCT/165109007
Basal metabolic rate
Additional detail 2.25 Watts AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  

Conservation

Data about <i>Aix sponsa</i>
Population trend
Additional detail Increasing IUCN  
Extinction status
Additional detail extant The Paleobiology Database  

Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Data about <i>Aix sponsa</i>
Conservation status
Additional detail least concern
  • Least concern
    A taxon is Least Concern when it has been evaluated against the criteria and does not qualify for Critically Endangered, Endangered, Vulnerable or Near Threatened. Widespread and abundant taxa are included in this category.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/leastConcern
IUCN  
Not invasive in
Additional detail United States (USA) US Forest Service Fire Effects Information Service  

Other

Data about <i>Aix sponsa</i>
Migratorystatus
Additional detail migratory
  • Migratory
    Makes seasonal movements between breeding and wintering grounds
    http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#Migratory
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  

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