- Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, B.L. Sullivan, C. L. Wood, and D. Roberson. 2012. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.7. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/downloadable-clements-checklist
Catalog Number: USNM 578113
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Birds
Preparation: Skin: Whole
Collector(s): D. Rabor
Year Collected: 1963
Locality: Car-Can-Mad-Lan area, Surigao Del Sur, Mindanao, Philippines, Asia
Elevation (m): 305 to 640
- Type: Preleuthner & Gamauf, A. June 1998. Journal of Raptor Research. 32 (2): 126-135.
Habitat and Ecology
Molecular Biology and Genetics
Barcode data: Spizaetus philippensis
Below is the sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.
See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen.
Other sequences that do not yet meet barcode criteria may also be available.
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Download FASTA File
Statistics of barcoding coverage: Spizaetus philippensis
Public Records: 1
Specimens with Barcodes: 1
Species With Barcodes: 1
IUCN Red List Assessment
Red List Category
Red List Criteria
CITES Appendix II. It has been recorded recently from numerous protected areas, including Mts Isarog and Makiling National Parks, the Northern Sierra Madre Natural Park and Bataan Natural Park/Subic Bay on Luzon, Mt Canlaon on Negros, and Mt Kitanglad and Mt Apo Natural Parks and Mt Malindang on Mindanao, and Rajah Sikatuna National Park on Bohol and recently on Mount Irid-Angilo-Binuang of the Southern Sierra Madre in Luzon (J. Ibanez in litt. 2007), as well as Tadao Ilocos Norte, Mt Palay Palay and Mt Banahao (D. Allen in litt. 2012). These sites are legally protected through local government decrees, but the efficacy of this legislation is often unclear and is ineffective at Mt Malindang and in the Southern Sierra Madre (D. Allen in litt. 2012). The species is regularly recorded during surveys for Philippine Eagle Pithecophaga jeffreyi in Luzon (J. Ibanez in litt. 2007).
Conservation Actions Proposed
Conduct further surveys in areas from which the species is known (e.g. Mt Los Dos Cuernos on Luzon, Mts Cabalantian/Capoto-an on Samar), which may merit formal protection. Study the species's ecology, particularly home-range size and dispersal ability to help inform a global population estimate and assess the likely impact of habitat fragmentation. Promote more effective enforcement of legislation designed to control hunting and trading. Gazette the proposed Southern Sierra Madre Protected Landscape. Use remote-sensing to assess forest loss in the Philippines and gauge the species's likely rate of decline and degree of fragmentation of its populations. Research hunting and trade by interviewing local people and visiting wildlife markets.
The Philippine hawk-eagle (Nisaetus philippensis), earlier treated under Spizaetus, is a species of bird of prey in the Accipitridae family. Many taxonmists consider the Pinsker's hawk-eagle, a former subspecies, raised to full species status. It is endemic to the Philippines.
- BirdLife International (2012). "Nisaetus philippensis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
- Helbig AJ, Kocum A, Seibold I & Braun MJ (2005) A multi-gene phylogeny of aquiline eagles (Aves: Accipitriformes) reveals extensive paraphyly at the genus level. Molecular phylogenetics and evolution 35(1):147-164 PDF
- Gamauf A, Gjershaug JO, Rov N, Kvaly K and Haring E (2005). "Species or subspecies? The dilemma of taxonomic ranking of some South-East Asian hawk-eagles (genus Spizaetus)". Bird Conservation International 15: 99–117. doi:10.1017/S0959270905000080.
- Gamauf A, Preleuthner M & W. Pinsker (1998). "Distribution and field identification of Philippine birds of prey: 1. Philippine Hawk-Eagle (Spizaetus philippensis) and Changeable Hawk Eagle (Spizaetus cirrhatus)" (PDF). Forktail 14: 1–11.
- Preleuthner, M. and Gamauf, A. (1998). "A possible new subspecies of the Philippine Hawk-eagle (Spizaetus philippensis) and its future prospects." (PDF). J. Raptor Res. 32 (2): 126–135.
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