Balearic green toad

The Balearic green toad (Bufo balearicus, Bufotes balearicus, or Pseudepidalea balearica) is a toad belonging to the true toad family Bufonidae. It is a low-land species but can be found as high as 1,300 m (4,300 ft) asl in central Italy.[1]



In spite of the name, this species is native to Italy (where it is present on all territories except for the extreme north-east and south-west) and Corsica.[1] It was probably introduced to the Balearic Islands in prehistoric times,[2] where it is common but declining.[1]


Once considered the same as Bufo viridis, molecular genetic data now firmly support its status as a separate species.[3]

Specimen in San Vincenzo, Tuscany, calling


  1. ^ a b c d Roberto Sindaco, Antonio Romano, Iñigo Martínez-Solano (2009). "Pseudepidalea balearica". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 16 March 2014. 
  2. ^ Hemmer, Helmut; Kadel, Beate; Kadel, Karl (1981). "The Balearic toad (Bufo viridis balearicus (BOETTGER, 1881)), human bronze age culture, and Mediterranean biogeography". Amphibia-Reptilia 2 (3): 217–230. doi:10.1163/156853881X00041. 
  3. ^ Stöck, M.; Sicilia, A.; Belfiore, N.; Buckley, D.; Lo Brutto, S.; Lo Valvo, M.; Arculeo, M. (2008). "Post-Messinian evolutionary relationships across the Sicilian channel: Mitochondrial and nuclear markers link a new green toad from Sicily to African relatives". BMC Evolutionary Biology 8: 56–74. doi:10.1186/1471-2148-8-56. PMC 2276203. PMID 18294389. 
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