Overview

Distribution

Range Description

Lophornis chalybeus occurs in Espirito Santo, Rio de Janeiro, Minas Gerais, São Paulo, Parana and Santa Catarina in south-eastern Brazil (del Hoyo et al. 1999, Esteves 2011) and is perhaps also a seasonal visitor to Uruguay (G. Kohler in litt. 2014).
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
It occurs in humid forest, secondary growth and locally in cerrado, in the lowlands and foothills (del Hoyo et al. 1999, van Perlo 2009). Although commonly recorded in open areas and forest edges, it is mostly seen near large forest patches and rarely found in large urban areas (G. Kohler in litt. 2014). In southern Brazil and Uruguay it is rare and apparently very sensitive to landscape changes. In these regions, seems to be seasonal, being more seen in colder months.

Systems
  • Terrestrial
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
NT
Near Threatened

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2014

Assessor/s
BirdLife International

Reviewer/s
Butchart, S.

Contributor/s
Kohler, G.

Justification
This newly-split hummingbird is suspected to be undergoing a moderately rapid population decline approaching 30% over 13 years (estimate of three generations), owing to ongoing habitat loss and degradation. It has therefore been classified as Near Threatened.
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Population

Population
The global population size has not been quantified, but this species is described as 'uncommon' (Stotz et al. 1996). The lack of knowledge of its reproductive biology and ecology makes it difficult to assess the current population size (G. Kohler in litt. 2014).

Population Trend
Unknown
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Threats

Major Threats
Although it occurs in open areas and forest edges, it is still primarily a species of humid forest, and is apparently sensitive to landscape changes (G. Kohler in litt. 2014). Logging and conversion of forest for agriculture and grazing are therefore suspected to represent threats in much of the range.
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
Conservation and research actions underway
No targeted actions are known, although the species presumably occurs in a number of protected areas.
Conservation and research actions proposedEstimate population size and trends. Determine tolerance of habitat degradation and fragmentation. Ensure effective management of protected areas where it occurs.
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Wikipedia

Festive coquette

The festive coquette (Lophornis chalybeus) is a species of hummingbird in the Trochilidae family.[1] It is found in northwestern South America, the region of the western Amazon Basin, in the countries of northwest Brazil, Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador and Peru. To the southeast it is found in adjacent Bolivia, a population in Argentina, and a separated range on the southeast coast of Brazil, in the state of Espírito Santo and southwest in a 2,000 km (1,200 mi) coastal strip.

Female

Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and heavily degraded former forest, at altitudes up to 1,000 metres (3,300 ft).[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b BirdLife International (2012). "Lophornis chalybeus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  2. ^ Alan P. Peterson's nomenclatural analysis.
  3. ^ Cook, Fred; Jenni Bruce (2004). The encyclopedia of animals: a complete visual guide. University of California Press. p. 331. ISBN 0-520-24406-0. 
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