The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • 1. National Biodiversity Network Species Dictionary (November 2002) External link.
  • 10. RSPB (2003) The population status of birds in the UK External link.
  • 11. RSPB (2003) Pers. comm.
  • 1996. database, NODC Taxonomic Code
  • 2. Mullarney, K., Svensson, L., Zetterstrom, D., & Grant, P.J. (1999) Collins Bird Guide. HarperCollins Publishers Ltd, London.
  • 2011. Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource, 2011.01.03
  • 2011. AOU Check-List (08-2011)
  • 2011. IOC World Bird List, Master List v2.9
  • 3. Greenoak, F. (1979) All the birds of the air. Book Club Associates, London.
  • 4. Harrison, P. (1983) Seabirds: an identification guide. Croom Helm Ltd, Kent
  • 5. RSPB. UK Breeding seabirds (November 2002) External link.
  • 6. Lack, P. (1986) The Atlas of Wintering Birds in Britain and Ireland. T. & A. D. Poyser Ltd, Calton.
  • 7. Walters, M. (1994) Eyewitness handbooks: Birds eggs. Dorling Kindersley, London.
  • 8. JNCC (November 2002) External link.
  • 9. Gooders, J. (1982) Collins British Birds. William Collins Sons and Co Ltd, London.
  • Adriaens, P. (2015). Morus bassanus. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at
  • Anonyme (à paraître). Cahiers d'habitats Natura 2000. Cahiers Oiseaux - Bibliographie générale, 4 pages - (version provisoire de 2008), Ministère en charge de l'écologie - MNHN.
  • Anonyme (à paraître). Cahiers d'habitats Natura 2000. Connaissance et gestion des habitats et des espèces d'intérêt communautaire. Cahiers Oiseaux (version provisoire de 2008), Ministère en charge de l'écologie - MNHN.
  • B., Bruun., & S. Baha El Din.   (1985).  Common Birds of Egypt, The American University in Cairo Press, Cairo..  
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes. 2003. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes. 2003. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada
  • BirdLife International 2008, 2008. "Morus bassanus" (On-line). IUCN Redlist of Endangered Species. Accessed February 02, 2009 at
  • BirdLife International 2012. Morus bassanus
  • Camphuysen, C., H. Heessen, C. Winter. 1995. Distant feeding and associations with cetaceans of gannets Morus bassanus from the Bass Rock. Seabird, 17: 36-43.
  • Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2014. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.9. Downloaded from
  • EURING list of longevity records for European birds (Online source) External link.
  • Garthe, S., O. Huppop. 1994. Distribution of ship-following seabirds and their utilization of discards in the North Sea in summer. Marine Ecology, 106: 1-9.
  • Garthe, S., S. Benvenuti, W. Montevecchi. 2003. Temporal patterns of foraging activities of northern gannets, Morus bassanus, in the northwest Atlantic Ocean. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 81: 453-461.
  • Gill, Frank, and Minturn Wright. 2006. Birds of the World: Recommended English Names
  • Gill, Frank, and Minturn Wright. 2006. Birds of the World: Recommended English Names. ix + 259
  • Hamer, K., R. Phillips, J. Hill, S. Wanless, A. Wood. 2001. Contrasting foraging strategies of gannets Morus bassanus at two North Atlantic colonies: foraging trip duration and foraging area fidelity. Marine Ecology, 224: 283-290.
  • Hamer, K., R. Phillips, S. Wanless, M. Harris, A. Wood. 2000. Foraging ranges, diets and feeding locations of gannets Morus bassanus in the North Sea: evidence from satellite telemetry. Marine Ecology, 200: 257-264.
  • Huettmann, F., A. Diamond. 2000. Seabird migration in the Canadian northwest Atlantic Ocean: moulting locations and movement patterns of immature birds. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 78: 624-627.
  • INPN 2003-2014. Fiche descriptive de : Morus bassanus (Linnaeus, 1758), Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle. Service du Patrimoine naturel.
  • Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp.
  • Montevecchi, W., D. Cairns, R. Myers. 2002. Predation on marine-phase Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) by gannets (Morus bassanus) in the Northwest Atlantic. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science, 59: 602-612.
  • Mowbray, T. 2002. Northern Gannet (Morus bassanus). Pp. 1-10 in A Poole, ed. The Birds of North America Online, Vol. 693. Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Accessed January 28, 2009 at
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2015). ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Mar 2015). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Spalding, M., C. Yowell, D. Lindsay, E. Greiner, J. Dame. 2002. Sarcocystis meningoencephalitis in a northern gannet (Morus bassanus). Journal of Wildlife Diseases, 38: 432-437.
  • Sula bassana (L.)


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