Data about <i>Sula leucogaster</i>

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Distribution

 
latitude min
Additional detail
-37.9 degrees
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
latitude max
Additional detail
36.45 degrees
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
longitude min
Additional detail
-124 degrees
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
longitude max
Additional detail
152.38 degrees
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
geographic distribution includes
Additional detail
Afrotropical
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Ascension scrub and grasslands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Atlantic Coast restingas
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Bahamian pine mosaic
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Bahamoan-Antillean mangroves
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Baja California desert
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Caribbean shrublands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Clipperton Island shrub and grasslands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Cocos Island moist forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Cuban cactus scrub
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Cuban dry forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Cuban moist forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Cuban pine forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Cuban wetlands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Djibouti
World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail
Enriquillo wetlands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Eritrea
World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail
Fernando de Noronha-Atol das Rocas moist forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Gulf of Mexico
World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail
Gulf of Mexico
World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail
Hispaniolan dry forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Hispaniolan moist forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Hispaniolan pine forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Islas Revillagigedo dry forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Jamaican dry forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Jamaican moist forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Kenya
World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail
Leeward Islands moist forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Lesser Antillean dry forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Nearctic
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Neotropical
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
New Zealand Exclusive Economic Zone
World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail
Portuguese Exclusive Economic Zone
World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail
Puerto Rican dry forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Puerto Rican moist forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Red Sea
World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail
Somalia
World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail
Spanish Exclusive Economic Zone
World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail
Tanzania
World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail
Windward Islands moist forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  

Physical Description

 
body length (VT) average
Additional detail
74.5 cm
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
 
body length (VT) min
Additional detail
64 cm
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
 
body length (VT) max
Additional detail
85 cm
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
 
body mass average
Additional detail
1,300 g
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
 
body mass min
Additional detail
950 g
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
 
body mass max
Additional detail
1,800 g
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
 
body mass
Additional detail
3.11 log10 grams
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
wingspan average
Additional detail
143.5 cm
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
 
wingspan min
Additional detail
132 cm
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
 
wingspan max
Additional detail
155 cm
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
 
sexual dimorphism
Additional detail
female larger
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
Additional detail
sexes colored or patterned differently
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
 
weight
Additional detail
1,134 g adult
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  

Ecology

 
primary diet
Additional detail
preys upon or scavenges vertebrates adult
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
habitat
Additional detail
animal habitation
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
aquatic habitat
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
atoll
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
bay
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
cliff
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
coast
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
coast
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
coast
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
island
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
lake
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
marine biome
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
marine habitat
IUCN  
Additional detail
mound
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
nest of bird
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
nest of bird
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
ocean
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
ocean
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
oceanic island
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
saline water
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
scrubland
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
sea
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
shore
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
stack
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
subtropical
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
terrestrial biome
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
terrestrial habitat
IUCN  
Additional detail
tropical
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
volcanic field
Environments - EOL project  
 
habitat includes
Additional detail
Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Mangroves
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Tropical and subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
 
foraging habitat
Additional detail
marine pelagic biome
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
interacts with
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
 
water nitrate concentration min
Additional detail
0.037 µmol/L
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
water nitrate concentration max
Additional detail
4.27 µmol/L
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
water temperature min
Additional detail
14.44 degrees Celsius
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
water temperature max
Additional detail
28.9 degrees Celsius
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
water silicate concentration min
Additional detail
0.98 µmol/L
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
water silicate concentration max
Additional detail
3.3 µmol/L
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
water phosphate concentration min
Additional detail
0.054 µmol/L
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
water phosphate concentration max
Additional detail
0.49 µmol/L
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
water dissolved O2 concentration min
Additional detail
4.46 mL/L
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
water dissolved O2 concentration max
Additional detail
5.99 mL/L
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
water O2 saturation min
Additional detail
98.15 percent
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
water O2 saturation max
Additional detail
106.01 percent
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
water salinity min
Additional detail
32.48 PSU
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
water salinity max
Additional detail
36.41 PSU
OBIS Environmental Information  

Life History and Behavior

 
nest type
Additional detail
open cup
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
developmental mode
Additional detail
altricial
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
foraging time
Additional detail
diurnal
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
parental care
Additional detail
pair provides care
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
clutch/brood/litter size
Additional detail
2
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
 
log10 productivity
Additional detail
-1.19
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
onset of fertility
Additional detail
1,278 days female
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Additional detail
1,278 days male
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
 
litters per year
Additional detail
1 per year
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
 
total life span max
Additional detail
27.2
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
 
growth rate
Additional detail
0.11 per day
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
 
prenatal development duration
Additional detail
41 days
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
 
migratory status
Additional detail
migratory
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  

Conservation

 
population trend
Additional detail
Decreasing
IUCN  
 
conservation status
Additional detail
least concern
IUCN  
 
extinction status
Additional detail
extant
Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology  

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