Data about <i>Pelecanus occidentalis</i>

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Distribution

Data about <i>Pelecanus occidentalis</i>
  • Geographic distribution
    A description of the geographic distribution, or range, of the taxon. Includes descriptions of global, regional, or political aspects of range and whether the taxon is native or introduced in portions of the range and endemicity.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/ontology/voc/SPMInfoItems#Distribution
Geographic distribution
Additional detail Gulf of Mexico World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail North America World Register of Marine Species  
  • Latitude
    The geographic latitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are north of the Equator, negative values are south of it. Legal values lie between -90 and 90, inclusive.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLatitude
Latitude min
Additional detail 3.99 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 48.36 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  
  • Longitude
    The geographic longitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are east of the Greenwich Meridian, negative values are west of it. Legal values lie between -180 and 180, inclusive.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLongitude
Longitude min
Additional detail -125 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail -60.7 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  

Physical Description

Data about <i>Pelecanus occidentalis</i>
Body length (VT) min
Additional detail 1.0 m Birds Animal Diversity Web  
average Additional detail 1.19 m Birds Animal Diversity Web  
max Additional detail 1.37 m Birds Animal Diversity Web  
Body mass min
Additional detail 2.0 kg Birds Animal Diversity Web  
Additional detail 3.43 kg Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
average Additional detail 3.5 kg Birds Animal Diversity Web  
max Additional detail 5.0 kg Birds Animal Diversity Web  
Wingspan average
Additional detail 2.0 m Birds Animal Diversity Web  
Dimorphism
Additional detail male larger Birds Animal Diversity Web  
Weight
Additional detail 3.12 kg adult AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Additional detail 63.5 g neonate stage AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  

Ecology

Data about <i>Pelecanus occidentalis</i>
Habitat
Additional detail freshwater habitat
  • Freshwater habitat
    A habitat that is in or on a body of water containing low concentrations of dissolved salts and other total dissolved solids (<0.5 grams dissolved salts per litre).
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002037
IUCN  
Additional detail marine habitat
  • Marine habitat
    A habitat that is in or on a sea or ocean containing high concentrations of dissolved salts and other total dissolved solids (typically >35 grams dissolved salts per litre).
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000569
IUCN  
Additional detail terrestrial habitat
  • Terrestrial habitat
    A habitat that is on or at the boundary of the surface of the Earth.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002009
IUCN  
Habitat
Additional detail animal habitation
  • Animal habitation
    The dwelling of an animal or group of similar animals.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005803
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail bar
  • Bar
    A linear shoaling landform feature within a body of water. Bars tend to be long and narrow (linear) and develop where a current (or waves) promote deposition of granular material, resulting in localized shallowing (shoaling) of the water. Bars can appear in the sea, in a lake, or in a river. They are typically composed of sand, although could be of any granular matter that the moving water has access to and is capable of shifting around (for example, soil, silt, gravel, cobble, shingle, or even boulders). The grain size of the material comprising a bar is related: to the size of the waves or the strength of the currents moving the material, but the availability of material to be worked by waves and currents is also important.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000167
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail bay Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail beach
  • Beach
    A landform consisting of loose rock particles such as sand, gravel, shingle, pebbles, cobble, or even shell fragments along the shoreline of a body of water.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000091
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail cliff Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail coastal water Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail cultivated habitat
  • Cultivated habitat
    A geographical feature modified by humans by the preparation of the land, usually for the purposes of growing crops.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000113
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail ditch
  • Ditch
    A small artificial watercourse dug for draining or irrigating the land.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000037
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail estuarine biome
  • Estuarine biome
    Expressions of the estuarine biome occur at wide lower courses of a rivers where they flow into a sea. Estuaries experience tidal flows and their water is a changing mixture of fresh and salt.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000020
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail estuary
  • Estuary
    A semi-enclosed coastal body of water with one or more rivers or streams flowing into it, and with a free connection to the open sea.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000045
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail fresh water Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail grassland
  • Grassland
    An area in which grasses (Graminae) are a significant component of the vegetation.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000106
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail island
  • Island
    Area of dry or relatively dry land surrounded by water or low wetland.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000098
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail lagoon
  • Lagoon
    A sheet of saline water separated from the open sea by sand or shingle banks. The sheet of water between an offshore reef, especially of coral and mainland. The sheet of water within a ring or horseshoe shaped atoll.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000038
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail mangrove biome
  • Mangrove biome
    A mangrove biome is a terrestrial biome which includes, across its spatial extent, mangrove plants (Rhizophoraceae). Mangrove plants are able to withstand high levels of salinity as well as regions of anoxia and frequent tidal inundation. Mangrove biomes often occur near tropical and sub-tropical estuaries and depositional marine coastal environments where fine sediments (often with high organic content) collect in areas protected from high energy wave action.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000181
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail marine habitat
  • Marine habitat
    A habitat that is in or on a sea or ocean containing high concentrations of dissolved salts and other total dissolved solids (typically >35 grams dissolved salts per litre).
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000569
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail mound Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail mount
  • Mount
    A mountain rising from the ocean seafloor that does not reach to the water's surface (sea level), and thus is not an island. Typically formed from volcanoes that rise abruptly and are usually found rising from a seafloor of 1,000 - 4,000 meters depth. Independent features that rise to at least 1,000 meters above the seafloor.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000264
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail national wildlife refuge
  • National wildlife refuge
    A designation for certain protected areas of the United States managed by the United States Fish and Wildlife Service. The National Wildlife Refuge system is a network of lands and waters managed to protect wildlife and wildlife habitat.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000364
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail oil spill
  • Oil spill
    The result of the unintentional release of liquid petroleum hydrocarbon into the environment as a result of human activity.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002061
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail peak Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail peninsula
  • Peninsula
    A body of land jutting out into and nearly surrounded by water.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000305
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail plain
  • Plain
    A region of general uniform slope, comparatively level, and of considerable extent.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000086
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail reef
  • Reef
    A ridge of rocks, lying near the surface of the sea, which may be visible at low tide, but is usually covered by water.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000130
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail scrubland
  • Scrubland
    Area covered with low-growing or stunted perennial vegetation and usually not mixed with trees.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000300
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail shore
  • Shore
    That part of the land in immediate contact with a body of water including the area between high and low water lines.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000304
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail soil
  • Soil
    Any material within 2 m from the Earth's surface that is in contact with the atmosphere, with the exclusion of living organisms, areas with continuous ice not covered by other material, and water bodies deeper than 2 m.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00001998
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail trough
  • Trough
    A linear structural depression that extends laterally over a distance, while being less steep than a trench. A trough can be a narrow basin or a geologic rift. There are various oceanic troughs, troughs found under oceans; examples include the rift along the mid-oceanic ridge and the Cayman Trough.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000499
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail zoological garden
  • Zoological garden
    A facility in which animals are confined within enclosures and displayed to the public, and in which they may also be bred.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00010625
Environments - EOL project  
Foraging Habitat
Additional detail freshwater and marine habitat
  • Freshwater and marine habitat
    Freshwater and marine habitat.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/freshwaterAndMarine
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
Primary Diet
Additional detail preys upon or scavenges vertebrates adult Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
Water nitrate concentration min
Additional detail 0.24 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 3.95 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
Water temperature min
Additional detail 12.22 degrees Celsius OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 27.6 degrees Celsius OBIS Environmental Information  
Water silicate concentration min
Additional detail 0.87 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 16.17 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
Water phosphate concentration min
Additional detail 0.1 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 0.67 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
Water dissolved O2 concentration min
Additional detail 4.52 mL/L OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 6.4 mL/L OBIS Environmental Information  
Water O2 saturation max
Additional detail 103.24 percent OBIS Environmental Information  
min Additional detail 96.71 percent OBIS Environmental Information  
Water salinity min
Additional detail 30.38 PSU OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 36.36 PSU OBIS Environmental Information  

Life History and Behavior

Data about <i>Pelecanus occidentalis</i>
Nest type
Additional detail open cup Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
Developmental Mode
Additional detail altricial
  • Altricial
    Parent(s) provide food and thermoregulation (e.g., passerines).
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/altricial
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
Foraging time
Additional detail diurnal Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
Parental care
Additional detail pair provides care
  • Pair provides care
    Both parents feed and nurture offspring.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/parentalCarePair
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
Clutch/brood/litter size
Additional detail 3 AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Log10 productivity
Additional detail -1.14 Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
Litters per year
Additional detail 1 per year AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Total life span max
Additional detail 43 years AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Onset of fertility
Additional detail 1.0 years female AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Additional detail 2.0 years male AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Growth rate
Additional detail 0.11 per day AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
  • Prenatal development duration
    The duration of the development from fertilized, deposited or implanted egg to hatching/birth. Corresponds to egg incubation duration in oviparous animals and to gestation period duration in viviparous animals.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PrenatalDevelopmentDuration
Prenatal development duration
Additional detail 29 days AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  

Conservation

Data about <i>Pelecanus occidentalis</i>
Iucn red list category
Additional detail least concern
  • Least concern
    A taxon is Least Concern when it has been evaluated against the criteria and does not qualify for Critically Endangered, Endangered, Vulnerable or Near Threatened. Widespread and abundant taxa are included in this category.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/leastConcern
IUCN  
Population trend
Additional detail Increasing IUCN  

Other

Data about <i>Pelecanus occidentalis</i>
Migratorystatus
Additional detail nonmigratory
  • Nonmigratory
    Does not make seasonal movements between breeding and wintering grounds.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/nonmigratory
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  

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