The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • 1. IUCN Red List (December, 2008) External link.
  • 10. Batt, B.D.J., Afton, A.D., Anderson, M.G., Ankney, C.D., Johnson, D.H., Kadlec, J.A. and Krapu, G.L. (1992) Ecology and Management of Breeding Waterfowl. University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis, MN.
  • 11. Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (December, 2008) External link.
  • 12. African-Eurasian Waterbird Agreement (December, 2008) http://www.unep-aewa.org External link.
  • 13. Wild Birds and Avian Influenza in Africa (December, 2008) External link.
  • 2. del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A. and Sargatal, J. (1992) Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Ostrich to Ducks. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
  • 2006. website, AOU Check-List (07-2006)
  • 2006. website, Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource, 2006.12.10
  • 3. Erritzoe, J. (1993) The Birds of CITES and How to Identify Them. The Lutterworth Press, Cambridge.
  • 4. CITES (December, 2008) External link.
  • 5. Todd, F.S. (1996) Natural History of the Waterfowl. Ibis Publishing Company, Vista, California.
  • 6. Sinclair, I. and Davidson, I. (2006) Sasol Southern African Birds: A Photographic Guide. Struik, Cape Town.
  • 7. Ogilvie, M.A. and Young, S. (2002) Photographic Handbook: Wildfowl of the World. New Holland Publishers, London.
  • 8. BirdLife International (December, 2008) External link.
  • 9. Blake, E.R. (1977) Manual of Neotropical Birds. Volume 1: Spheniscidae (Penguins) to Laridae (Gulls and Allies). University of Chicago Press, Chicago and London.
  • BirdLife International 2014. Sarkidiornis melanotos
  • Gill, Frank, and Minturn Wright. 2006. Birds of the World: Recommended English Names
  • Gill, Frank, and Minturn Wright. 2006. Birds of the World: Recommended English Names. ix + 259
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2015). ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Mar 2015). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Pennant, Unknown,Ind. Zoo1., 1769: 12.
  • Pennant, Unknown,Ind. Zool., 1769: 12.
  • Siegfried, W. Roy. 1978. Social Behavior of the African Comb Duck. The Living Bird, vol. 17
  • Siegfried, W. Roy. 1979. Social Behavior of the African Comb Duck. The Living Bird, vol. 17. 85-104
  • Zheng Zuoxin et al., FAUNA SINICA AVES Vol. 2: Anseriformes,FAUNA SINICA AVES Vol. 2: Anseriformes, 1979.
  • Zheng Zuoxin, BIRDS OF THE WORLD(Latin, Chinese and English names),BIRDS OF THE WORLD(Latin, Chinese and English names), 1989.
  • 郑作新, 世界鸟类名称(拉丁文、汉文、英文对照),世界鸟类名称(拉丁文、汉文、英文对照), 1989.
  • 郑作新等, 中国动物志 鸟纲 第二卷 雁形目,中国动物志 鸟纲 第二卷 雁形目, 1979: 1-143.
  • 郑作新等, 中国动物志.鸟纲第二卷.雁形目,中国动物志.鸟纲第二卷.雁形目, 1979.
  • 郑光美, 王岐山, 中国濒危动物红皮书 鸟类,中国濒危动物红皮书 鸟类, 1998.


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