Overview

Brief Summary

Biology

Little is currently known about this species' biology. Although normally solitary, during the dry season red-necked buzzards may form small groups, which migrate to the more southerly parts of the species' range, such as Gabon (2) (4). This red-necked buzzard's usual hunting technique is to sit in wait on a perch scanning the ground, before swooping rapidly down and snatching its prey with its large, pointed talons (2).
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Description

Appropriately named, the most distinguishing feature of this medium-sized bird of prey is the striking reddish-brown colouration of the neck, which extends over the crown and down to the upper back. The rest of the red-necked buzzard's upperparts are mainly blackish, except for the tail feathers which are also reddish-brown and marked with a blackish bar just before the tail tips. In contrast to the dark upperparts, the breast is mainly bright white, becoming dark brown towards the throat, and marked with an irregular patterning of dark blotches extending to the flanks. The juvenile resembles the adult, except for the colouration of the upperparts which are lighter, and the breast, which is cream rather than white and lacks the darker plumage around the throat. While soaring, the red-necked buzzard makes a loud, mewing scream, peee-ah (2).
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Distribution

Range

Sub-Saharan and w-central Africa; disperses to Sahel.
  • Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2014. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.9. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/

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Range

The red-necked buzzard has an extensive range, encompassing a broad band running from Mauritania down to Liberia in the west, and across to Ethiopia and Uganda in the east. It is also found along the coast of West Africa, including Gabon, the Democratic Republic of Congo, and north-eastern Angola (1) (2).
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Systems
  • Terrestrial
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Occupying a range of habitats, the red-necked buzzard can be found in plantations, farmland, savannah, woodland, and forest edges up to elevations of 2,500 metres (2).
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2012

Assessor/s
BirdLife International

Reviewer/s
Butchart, S. & Symes, A.

Contributor/s

Justification
This species has an extremely large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). The population trend appears to be increasing, and hence the species does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size may be moderately small to large, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
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Status

Classified as Least Concern (LC) on the IUCN Red List (1) and listed on Appendix II of CITES (3).
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Population

Population Trend
Increasing
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Threats

At present, there are no specific threats to the red-necked buzzard, and its population is estimated to be between 10,000 and 100,000 individuals (1). Nevertheless, it is likely to be affected by the deforestation which is occurring in many parts of its range (2).
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Management

Conservation

While there are currently no conservation measures in place for the red-necked buzzard (1), it does occur within a number of protected areas (4) (5). If properly managed, these areas should help to maintain strongholds for this species, as a safeguard against the expansion of human settlements, and the accompanying increase in logging and hunting pressure, for many years to come (4) (5).
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Wikipedia

Red-necked buzzard

The red-necked buzzard (Buteo auguralis) is a species of bird of prey in the Accipitridae family. It is found in Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ivory Coast, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Togo, and Uganda.

References[edit]


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