The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • 2004. database, Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference
  • Arnoult, J. and Lamotte, M. (1968). ''Les Pipidae de l'Ouest africain et du Cameroun.'' Bulletin de l’Institut fondamental d’Afrique noire, Série A, 30, 270-306.
  • Barbour, T., & Loveridge A. (1928). A comparative study of the herpetological faunae of the Uluguru and Usambara Mountains, Tanganyika Territory with descriptions of new species. Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology. L(2), 85-265.
  • Fischer, W. J., Koch W. A., & Elepfandt A. (2000). Sympatry and hybridization between the clawed frogs Xenopus laevis laevis and Xenopus muelleri (Pipidae). . Journal of Zoology, London. 99-107.
  • Frost, D. R. and Savage, J. M. (1987). ''Gender of Hemisus and correct formation of the family-group name.'' Journal of the Herpetological Association of Africa, 33, 24.
  • Frost, Darrel R. 2009. database. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference v5.3
  • Harper, E. B., Measey G. J., Patrick D. A., Menegon M., & Vonesh J. R. (2010). Field Guide to Amphibians of the Eastern Arc Mountains and Coastal Forests of Tanzania and Kenya. 320. Nairobi, Kenya: Camerapix Publishers International.
  • Kobel, H. R., Loumont C., & Tinsley R. C. (1996). The extant species. The Biology of Xenopus. Symposia of the Zoological Society of London 68.. 9-33 in Tinsley, R.C., and H.R. Kobel, eds. . Oxford, UK.: Clarendon Press.
  • Lambiris, A. J. L. (1988). Frogs and Toads of the Natal Drakensberg, Ukhahlamba Series No. 3. University of Natal Press, Pietermaritzburg, South Africa.
  • Lamotte, M. and Zuber-Vogeli, M. (1953). ''Contribution a l'étude des batraciens de l'Ouest Africain I. Le développement larvaires de Rana oxyrhynchus gribinguinensis Angel.'' Bulletin de l'Institut fondamental d'Afrique noire, Série A, 15, 178-184.
  • Loumont, C. (1981). ''L'appareil vocal des males Xenopus (Amphibia Anura).'' Monitore Zoologico Italiano, N.S. Supplemento, 15(2), 23-28.
  • Loumont, C. (1983). ''Deux espèces nouvelles de Xenopus du Cameroun (Amphibia, Pipidae).'' Revue Suisse de Zoologie, 90, 169-177.
  • Loumont, C. (1986). ''Xenopus pygmaeus, a new diploid pipid frog from rain forest of equatorial Africa.'' Revue Suisse de Zoologie, 93(33), 735-764.
  • Loveridge, A. (1953). Amphibians from Nyasaland and Tete. Bulletin of The Museum of Comparative Zoology. 4, 406 p. Cambridge,: The Museum of Comparative Zoology.
  • Loveridge, A. (1929). ''East African reptiles and amphibians in the United States National Museum.'' Smithsonian Institution, U.S. National Museum Bulletin, 151, 1-135.
  • Loveridge, A. (1930). ''A list of the Amphibia of the British territories in East Africa (Uganda, Kenya Colony, Tanganyika Territory, and Zanzibar), together with keys for the diagnosis of the species.'' Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 1930, 7-32.
  • Loveridge, A. (1932). ''New frogs of the genera Arthroleptis and Hyperolius from Tanganyika Territory.'' Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 45, 61-64.
  • Loveridge, A. (1935). ''Scientific results of an expedition to rain forest regions in Eastern Africa, I. New reptiles and amphibians from East Africa.'' Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard, 79, 1-19.
  • Loveridge, A. (1941). ''South African frogs of the genus Hyperolius in the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Cambridge, Massachusetts.'' Annals of the Transvaal Museum, 20, 283-291.
  • Loveridge, J.P. (1976). ''Strategies of water conservation in Southern African frogs.'' Zoologica Africana, 11, 319-333.
  • Mertens, R. (1938). ''Herpetologische Ergebnisse einer Reise nach Kamerun.'' Abhandlungen Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft, 442, 1-52.
  • Mertens, R. (1968). ''Zur Kenntnis der Herpetofauna von Kamerun und Fernando Poo.'' Bonner Zoologische Beitrage, 19, 69-84.
  • Mohneke, M., Onadeko A. B., Hirschfeld M., & Rödel M-O. (2010). Dried or Fried: Amphibians in Local and Regional Food Markets in West Africa. TRAFFIC Bulletin. 22, 117-128.
  • Nieden, F. (1908). ''Die Amphibienfauna von Kamerun. Mit einer Bestimmungstabelle.'' Mitteilungen des zoologischen Museums Berlin, 3, 489-518.
  • Nieden, F. (1923). ''Anura I, Subordo Aglossa und Phaneroglossa sectio 1 Arcifera.'' Das Tierreich, 46, 1-584.
  • Nieden, F. (1926). ''Anura II, Engystomatidae.'' Das Tierreich , 49, 1-110.
  • Noble, G.K. (1926). ''The importance of larval characters in the classification of South African Salientia.'' American Museum Novitates, 237, 1-10.
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2015). ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Mar 2015). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Passmore, N.I. and Telford, S.R. (1981). ''The effect of chorus organization on mate localization in the Painted Reed Frog, Hyperolius marmoratus.'' Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 9, 291-293.
  • Perret, J.-L. (1971). ''Les espèce du genre Nectophrynoides d'Afrique (Batraciens Bufonides).'' Annales de la Faculté des Sciences du Cameroun, 6, 99-109.
  • Pfeffer, G. (1893). ''Ostafrikanische Reptilien und Amphibien, gesammelt von Herrn Dr. F. Stuhlmann im Jahre 1888 und 1889.'' Jahrbuch der Hamburgischen Wissenschaftlichen Anstalten, 1893, 4(1), 69-105.
  • Picker, M.D. (1983). ''Hormonal induction of the aquatic phonotactic responses of Xenopus.'' Behaviour, 84, 74-90.
  • Poynton, J. C. (1991). Amphibians of southeastern Tanzania, with special reference to Stephopaedes and Mertensophryne (Bufonidae). Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology. 152(8), 451-473.
  • Poynton, J. C., & Broadley D. G. (1985). Amphibia Zambesiaca 2: Ranidae. Ann. Natal Mus.. 27, 115-181.
  • Poynton, J.C. (1964). ''Relationships between habitat and terrestrial breeding in amphibians.'' Evolution, 18, 131.
  • Poynton, J.C. (1966). ''Amphibia of Northern Mozambique.'' Mems. Inst. Invest. cient. Mocamb., Ser. A, 8, 13-33.
  • Poynton, J.C. and Broadley, D.G. (1985). ''Amphibia Zambesiaca 2. Ranidae.'' Annals of the Natal Museum, 27, 115-181.
  • Rödel, M. O. (2000). Herpetofauna of West Africa, Vol. I. Amphibians of the West African Savanna. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, Germany.
  • Schiøtz, A. (1964). ''A preliminary list of amphibians collected in Ghana.'' Vedenskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening, 127, 1-17.
  • Tinsley, R. C., Loumont C., & Kobel H. R. (1996). Geographical distribution and ecology.. Pp. 35–59 in Tinsley, R.C., and H.R. Kobel, eds., The Biology of Xenopus. . Oxford, U.K.: Clarendon Press.
  • Vuattoux, R. (1968). ''Le peuplement du Palmier rônier (Borassus aethiopum) d’une savane de Côte d’Ivoire.'' Annales de l'Université d'Abidjan, Série E, 1, 1-138.
  • Wake, M.H. (1980). ''The reproductive biology of Nectophrynoides malcolmi (Amphibia: Bufonidae), with comments on the evolution of reproductive modes in the genus Nectophrynoides.'' Copeia, 1980(2), 193-209.
  • Weldon, C., Du Preez L. H., Hyatt A. D., & Speare R. (2004). Origin of the amphibian chytrid fungus. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 10, 2100-2105.


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