Overview

Distribution

Range Description

This species only occurs in the Palawan Island group, in the western Philippines, including Palawan, Culion and Busuanga, but is likely to occur more widely than current records suggest.
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Type Locality

Culion Island, Calamian Island Group, Philippines; SMF 5432

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Faunal Affinity

Palawan Pleistocene Aggregate Island Complex (PAIC; Brown and Diesmos, 2002).

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Rana moellendorffi is known from the Philippines, including Balabacm Palawan, Busuanga, Coron, Culion and Caluit (Brown and Guttman, 2002). See Brown & Guttman 2002 for more details regarding collection localities.

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Physical Description

Diagnostic Description

Rana moellendorffi can be distinguished from other members of the Rana signatacomplex by a combination of the following characters: (1)presence of dorsal spots with short bars, irregualr markings, or a reticulate pattern (2) few average number of middorsal and labial spots (3) absence of thick dorsolateral stripes (4) presence of light labial spots or bars (Brown and Guttman, 2002). See Brown & Guttman 2002 for a more detailed description.

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Color

Coloration in life: Commonly dark body color with yellow spots and irregular markings, but is known to have a variable color pattern (Brown and Guttman, 2002). See Brown & Guttman 2002 for a more detailed description.

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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
It inhabits undisturbed and disturbed streams and rivers in lower montane and lowland forests, where it breeds and lays its eggs. The larvae develop in quiet side pools in clean rivers.

Systems
  • Terrestrial
  • Freshwater
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Rana moellendorffi, like other members of the Rana signata species complex, are found near or in forested streams (Inger, 1954).

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General Ecology

Ecology

Rana moellendorffi like other members of the Rana signata species complex, are found near or in forested streams. R. moellendorffi has also been observed in vines (Inger, 1954).

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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
NT
Near Threatened

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2004
  • Needs updating

Assessor/s
Arvin Diesmos, Angel Alcala, Rafe Brown, Leticia Afuang, Cynthia Dolino, Genevieve Gee, Katie Hampson, Mae Leonida Diesmos, Aldrin Mallari, Perry Ong, Liza Paguntalan, Marisol Pedregosa, Dondi Ubaldo, Baldwin Gutierrez

Reviewer/s
Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson and Neil Cox)

Contributor/s

Justification
Listed as Near Threatened since although its Extent of Occurrence is less than 20,000 km2 and its habitat is declining, thus making the species close to qualifying for Vulnerable, it probably occurs in more than ten locations, and its range is probably not severely fragmented.
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According to the IUCN classification, the conservation status is "Near Threatened (NT)," mainly based on its wide distribution currently on the decline.

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Population

Population
It is a very common species.

Population Trend
Unknown
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Threats

Major Threats
Important threats to this species might include the loss of lowland rainforest due to forest clearance, and pollution of mountain streams and rivers especially due to agricultural effluents.
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
The range of this species includes several protected areas. The most important conservation measure is to designate the remaining tracts of intact lowland rainforest on Palawan as protected areas.
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