The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

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  • . 1899. Annual report of the Commissioners of Fisheries, Game and Forests of the State of New York for 1898. Albany, New York : State of New York; Page 6
  • 1. National Biodiversity Network Species Dictionary (Nov 2002) http://www.nhm.ac.uk/nbn/http://www.nhm.ac.uk/nbn/ External link.
  • 12.  Madge, Steve; Burn, Hilary. 1988. Waterfowl: An indentification guide to        the ducks, geese and swans of the world. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin        Company. 298 p.  [20029]
  • 13.  Martz, Gerald F. 1967. Effects of nesting cover removal on breeding        puddle ducks. Journal of Wildlife Management. 31(2): 236-247.  [16284]
  • 14.  Moorhead, David J.; Hodges, John D.; Reinecke, Kenneth J. 1991.        Silvicultural options for waterfowl management in bottomland hardwood        stands and greentree reservoirs. In: Coleman, Sandra S.; Neary, Daniel        G., compilers. Proceedings, 6th biennial southern silvicultural research        conference: Volume 2; 1990 October 30 - November 1; Memphis, TN. Gen.        Tech. Rep. SE-70. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest        Service, Southeastern Forest Experiment Station: 710-721.  [17507]
  • 15.  Phillips, John C. 1986. A natural history of the ducks. Vols. 1-2. New        York: Dover Publications, Inc.  409 p.  [21634]
  • 16.  Rotella, Jay J.; Ratti, John T. 1992. Mallard brood survival and wetland        habitat conditions in southwestern Manitoba. Journal of Wildlife        Management. 56(3): 499-507.  [19286]
  • 17.  Ward, P. 1968. Fire in relation to waterfowl habitat of the delta        marshes. In: Proceedings, annual Tall Timbers fire ecology conference;        1968 March 14-15; Tallahassee, FL. No. 8. Tallahassee, FL: Tall Timbers        Research Station: 255-267.  [18932]
  • 18.  Duebbert, Harold F.; Jacobson, Erling T.; Higgins, Kenneth F.; Podoll,        Erling B. 1981. Establishment of seeded grasslands for wildlife habitat        in the praire pothole region. Special Scientific Report-Wildlife No.        234. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife        Service. 21 p.  [5740]
  • 19.  Donohoe, Robert W. 1974. American hornbeam  Carpinus caroliniana Walt.        In: Gill, John D.; Healy, William M., eds. Shrubs and vines for        northeastern wildlife. Gen. Tech. Rep. NE-9. Upper Darby, PA: U.S.        Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Forest        Experiment Station: 86-88.  [13714]
  • 1996. database, NODC Taxonomic Code
  • 2.  Cowardin, Lewis M.; Gilmer, David S.; Shaiffer, Charles W. 1985. Mallard        recruitment in the agricultural environment of North Dakota. Wildlife        Monographs No. 92. Washington, DC: The Wildlife Society. 37 p.  [18150]
  • 2. Mullarney, K., Svensson, L., Zetterstrom, D., & Grant, P.J. (1999) Collins Bird Guide. HarperCollins Publishers Ltd, London.
  • 20. Ball, J. P. 1984. Habitat selection and optimal foraging by        mallards: a field experiment. Guelph, ON: University of Guelph. 44 p.        Thesis.  [18071]
  • 2006. website, AOU Check-List (07-2006)
  • 2006. website, Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource, 2006.12.10
  • 3. Lack, P. (1986) The Atlas of Wintering Birds in Britain and Ireland. T. & A. D. Poyser Ltd, Calton
  • 4.  Figley, William K.; VanDruff, Larry W. 1982. The ecology of urban        mallards. Wildlife Monographs No. 81. Washington, DC: The Wildlife        Society. 40 p.  [2041]
  • 4. Gooder, J. (1982) Collins British Birds. William Collins Sons and Co Ltd, London.
  • 5. Walters, M. (1994) Eyewitness handbooks: bird's eggs. Dorling Kindersley, London.
  • 5.  Fritzell, Erik K. 1975. Effects of agricultural burning on nesting        waterfowl. Canadian Field-Naturalist. 89: 21-27.  [14635]
  • 6. Greenoak, F. (1979) All the birds of the air; the names, lore and literature of British birds. Book Club Associates, London.
  • 7.  Gruenhagen, Ned M.; Fredrickson, Leigh H. 1990. Food use by migratory        female mallards in northwest Missouri. Journal of Wildlife Management.        54(4): 622-626.  [17427]
  • 7. JNCC Breeding birds of the wider countryside (Nov 2002) http://www.bto.orgbirdtrends/wcrmalla.htmhttp://www.bto.orgbirdtrends/wcrmalla.htm External link.
  • 8.  Higgins, Kenneth F. 1986. A comparison of burn season effects on nesting        birds in North Dakota mixed-grass prairie. Prairie Naturalist. 18(4):        219-228.  [1149]
  • 8. RSPB (2003) The population status of birds in the UK http://www.rspb.org.ukImages/5_20625.pdfhttp://www.rspb.org.ukImages/5_20625.pdf External link.
  • 9. RSPB (2003): Pers. comm.
  • Adriaens, P. (2014). Anas platyrhynchos Linnaeus, 1758. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=148791
  • Anas platyrhynchos L.
  • Anas platyrhynchos. Xeno-canto. Xeno-canto Foundation, n.d. Web. 20 July 2012. http://xeno-canto.org/browse.php?query=Anas+platyrhynchos.
  • B., Bruun., & S. Baha El Din.   (1985).  Common Birds of Egypt, The American University in Cairo Press, Cairo..  
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes. 2003. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes. 2003. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner. 1987. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada. Resource Publication, no. 166
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner. 1987. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada. Resource Publication, no. 166. 79
  • BirdLife International 2012. Anas platyrhynchos
  • Drilling, Nancy, Rodger Titman and Frank Mckinney. 2002. Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos), The Birds of North America Online (A. Poole, Ed.). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology; Retrieved from the Birds of North America Online: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/658
  • FEIS by the USDA Forest Service (Online source)   http://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/ External link.
  • Gill, Frank, and Minturn Wright. 2006. Birds of the World: Recommended English Names
  • Gill, Frank, and Minturn Wright. 2006. Birds of the World: Recommended English Names. ix + 259
  • Ibis Publishing Co. Vista, CA 1996.
  • John Terres (1980) The Audubon Society Encyclopedia of North American Birds. Knopf: New York.
  • Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp.   http://www.marinespecies.org/echinoidea/aphia.php?p=sourcedetails&id=8 External link.
  • Linnaeus, Unknown,Syst.Nat.,ed.10, 17581: 125.
  • Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos). The Internet Bird Collection. Lynx Edicions, n.d. Web. 20 July 2012. http://ibc.lynxeds.com/species/mallard-anas-platyrhynchos.
  • Moller (2006) Sociality, age at first reproduction and senescence: comparative analyses of birds. J Evol Biol, 19:682-689.
  • Monaghan and Metcalfe (2000) Genome size and longevity. Trends Genet, 16:331-332.
  • Moon, Morgan H. "Waterfowl Ecology and Management". McMillian Publishing. New York,NY 1994.
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2013). ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Sept 12). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/col/. Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Peterson, Roger Tory. Birds of Eastern and Central North America. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1980. Print.
  • Reynolds and Lee (1996) Phylogenetic analysis of avian energetics: passerines and non-passerines do not differ. Am Nat, 147:735–759.
  • Starck and Ricklefs (1998) Avian growth rate data set. In: Avian Growth and Development: Evolution Within the Altricial-Precocial Spectrum (J. M. Starck and R. E. Ricklefs (eds.)), pp. 381-423. Oxford University Press: New York.
  • Stunden et al. (1999) Factors affecting reproductive performance in captive Mallard ducks. Theriogenology, 52:435-446.
  • The Birds of North America Online (Online source)   http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/ External link.
  • Todd, Frank S. "Natural History of the Waterfowl". San Diego Natural History Museum.
  • Zheng Zuoxin et al., FAUNA SINICA AVES Vol. 2: Anseriformes,FAUNA SINICA AVES Vol. 2: Anseriformes, 1979.
  • Zheng Zuoxin, BIRDS OF THE WORLD(Latin, Chinese and English names),BIRDS OF THE WORLD(Latin, Chinese and English names), 1989.
  • eBird Range Map - Mallard. eBird. Cornell Lab of Ornithology, N.d. Web. 20 July 2012. http://ebird.org/ebird/map/mallar.
  • 郑作新, 世界鸟类名称(拉丁文、汉文、英文对照),世界鸟类名称(拉丁文、汉文、英文对照), 1989.
  • 郑作新等, 《中国动物志》鸟纲 第二卷 雁形目,北京:科学出版社, 1979: 1-140.
  • 郑作新等, 中国动物志 鸟纲 第二卷 雁形目,中国动物志 鸟纲 第二卷 雁形目, 1979: 1-143.
  • 郑作新等, 中国动物志.鸟纲第二卷.雁形目,中国动物志.鸟纲第二卷.雁形目, 1979.

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