- Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, B.L. Sullivan, C. L. Wood, and D. Roberson. 2012. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.7. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/downloadable-clements-checklist
Habitat and Ecology
IUCN Red List Assessment
Red List Category
Red List Criteria
CITES Appendix II. It has been recorded from Baly Bay National Park, Tsimanampetsotsa Strict Reserve12, Analabe Private Reserve, Kirindy Mitea National Park and Lac Bedo Ramsar Site18. A captive-breeding programme started in 19936,10, and these birds are used to study breeding behaviour17. Studies on the ecology of the wild birds (including provision of nest boxes14) and a conservation programme at Lac Antsamaka (in Manambolomaty Ramsar Site) have also been initiated. Flightless birds moulting wing feathers have been caught and ringed annually in May and June at Antsamaky since 199717. Conservation Actions Proposed
Survey the distribution and abundance of the species8 through standardised national surveys and/or the sharing of data between organisations19, and search for new breeding sites on the west coast, e.g. north of Mahajanga. Study its ecological needs8 and complete further ecological studies at Ankazomborona. Conduct research into the species's reproductive ecology; Ankazomborona may be a particularly suitable study site16. Ensure adequate protection of nesting, moulting and dry-season sites17.
Bernier's Teal Anas bernieri (also known as Madagascar Teal) is a duck species of the genus Anas. It is endemic to Madagascar, where it is found only along the west coast.
This duck is 40 to 45 cm in length, and is predominately warm brown all over with conspicuous black scalloping, heaviest on flanks and breast. It has a black speculum, and its bill is pinkish gray and slightly upturned. It is somewhat difficult to distinguish between male and female ducks since they look very similar to each other.
It prefers mangroves and rarely leaves this habitat where it favors open shallow ponds and lakes, preferably brackish. They tend to eat invertebrates, plant materials, and insects. They nest in tree cavities, mainly mangrove. Its range encompasses the whole of the west coast and the extreme north-east. It is known to breed at two sites, Masoarivo on the central west coast, and Ankazomborona on the far north-west coast. It has an incubation period of 28–30 days and lays 4-10 eggs at a time.
Currently the Madagascar Teal is on the verge of extinction. There are only about 1500 left in the world. The reason these ducks are on the verge of extinction is because their natural habitat, mangrove forests are being destroyed for timber and fuel.
The Durrell Wildlife Conservation Trust is undergoing a successful breeding program since 1995 after a failed attempt in 1993 due to capturing four ducks which turned out to be all male.
The binomial commemorates the French surgeon Chevalier J A Bernier.