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Range DescriptionThis species is known from Russia, China, the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, the Republic of Korea and Japan. It is found in the Russian Far East (including East Siberia) northwards to the Amur River valley; most of central, southeastern and northeastern China, throughout the Korean Peninsula and on Miyakojima and adjacent islands in the Ryukyu Archipelago of Japan. The subspecies, Bufo gargarizans miyakonis is endemic to Japan. It was originally distributed on Miyakojima and its adjacent islands, and was introduced to other islands in Ryukyu Archipelago including Okinawajima, Minami Daitojima and Kita Daitojima. In Okinawajima, Bufo gargarizans miyakonis have been captured since the early 1990's and it is now possibly eradicated. The altitudinal range of this species is from 20-800m asl.