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Global Range: (200,000-2,500,000 square km (about 80,000-1,000,000 square miles)) Breeding range extends from southern interior British Columbia, Idaho, western Montana, and Wyoming south in mountains to northern and east-central California, locally in southern California, central Arizona, southern New Mexico, and northern Baja California. During the nonbreeding season, the range extends primarily from southern Oregon (rare), California, Arizona, New Mexico, and western Texas (rare) southward to northern Baja California and central Mexico (Dobb et al. 1997, AOU 1998). Elevational range is mainly 1,500-3,200 meters in most of the range, 800-1,400 meters at the northern end in British Columbia (COSEWIC 2005).