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Range DescriptionTauraco fischeri inhabits coastal and riverine forest and woodland in Kenya, north-eastern Tanzania and southern Somalia. In Kenya and Tanzania, it is frequent to common5,7 in coastal forests from Boni south to Tanga, inland along the Tana River, and up to 1,500 m in the Usambara Mountains5 where a population of over 1,000 individuals is thought to reside11. The subspecies T. f. zanzibaricus, endemic to Zanzibar2, was thought to number only 25-50 birds8, but following surveys in June-July 2001 the population has been estimated at c.1,400 individuals9. In Somalia, there are now probably fewer than 50 individuals left8, all in the lower Jubba valley, where up to 80% of the riverine forest has been cleared in less than 30 years1,6; there is thus little hope that the species will persist there. The total population is unknown but assumed to be 2,500-9,999 individuals. Although a limited time series of data suggests the population is Eastern Usambara is stable11, the population as a whole is probably declining due to trapping and the clearance of coastal forests10.