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Ecology

Habitat

Depth range based on 893 specimens in 17 taxa.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 198 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 0 - 108
  Temperature range (°C): -0.536 - 25.280
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.446 - 28.246
  Salinity (PPS): 33.712 - 37.081
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.717 - 8.011
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.105 - 1.817
  Silicate (umol/l): 0.958 - 30.934

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 0 - 108

Temperature range (°C): -0.536 - 25.280

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.446 - 28.246

Salinity (PPS): 33.712 - 37.081

Oxygen (ml/l): 4.717 - 8.011

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.105 - 1.817

Silicate (umol/l): 0.958 - 30.934
 
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Associations

Plant / epiphyte
Alcyonidium gelatinosum grows on holdfast of Laminaria
Other: minor host/prey

Plant / epiphyte
Amathia lendigera grows on holdfast of Laminaria

Plant / epiphyte
Celleporella hyalina grows on holdfast of Laminaria
Other: major host/prey

Plant / epiphyte
Celleporina hassallii grows on holdfast of Laminaria
Other: major host/prey

In Great Britain and/or Ireland:
Foodplant / saprobe
scattered or in groups, immersed, then erumpent by papilla pycnidium of Diplodina coelomycetous anamorph of Diplodina laminariae is saprobic on dead, dry, decaying frond of Laminaria

Plant / epiphyte
Electra pilosa grows on frond of Laminaria
Other: major host/prey

Plant / epiphyte
Escheroides coccinea grows on holdfast of Laminaria
Other: major host/prey

Plant / epiphyte
Flustrellida hispida grows on holdfast of Laminaria

Plant / epiphyte
Membranipora membranacea grows on frond of Laminaria
Other: major host/prey

Foodplant / feeds on
Patina pellucida forma laevis feeds on holdfast of Laminaria

Foodplant / open feeder
Patina pellucida forma pellucida grazes on frond of Laminaria
Other: major host/prey

Foodplant / parasite
Phycomelaina laminariae parasitises Laminaria
Remarks: Other: uncertain

Plant / epiphyte
Schizomavella linearis grows on holdfast of Laminaria

Plant / epiphyte
Schizoporella unicornis grows on holdfast of Laminaria
Other: unusual host/prey

Foodplant / saprobe
Scolecobasidium anamorph of Scolecobasidium salinum is saprobic on decaying thallus of Laminaria

Plant / epiphyte
Scrupocellaria reptans grows on holdfast of Laminaria
Other: major host/prey

Plant / epiphyte
Scrupocellaria scruposa grows on holdfast of Laminaria
Other: major host/prey

Plant / epiphyte
Umbonula littoralis grows on holdfast of Laminaria
Other: major host/prey

Plant / epiphyte
Walkeria uva grows on holdfast of Laminaria

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD) Stats
Specimen Records: 220
Specimens with Sequences: 126
Specimens with Barcodes: 114
Species: 10
Species With Barcodes: 7
Public Records: 85
Public Species: 7
Public BINs: 6
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Barcode data

Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Wikipedia

Laminaria

Laminaria is a genus of 31 species of brown algae (Phaeophyceae), all sharing the common name "kelp". Some species are also referred to as tangle. This economically important genus is characterized by long, leathery laminae and relatively large size. Some species are referred to by the common name Devil's apron, due to their shape,[1] or sea colander, due to the perforations present on the lamina.[2] It is found in the north Atlantic Ocean and the northern Pacific Ocean at depths from 8 to 30 m (26 to 98 ft) (exceptionally to 120 m (390 ft) in the warmer waters of the Mediterranean Sea and off Brazil).[3]

According to C.Michael Hogan the life cycle of the genus involves a diploid generational system.[4]

Laminaria japonica (J. E. Areschoug — Japón) [5] is now regarded as a synonym of Saccharina japonica[6] and Laminaria saccharina is now classified as Saccharina latissima.[7]

Uses[edit]

Medical[edit]

A laminaria stick may be used to slowly dilate the cervix to induce labor and delivery, or for surgical procedures including abortions or to facilitate the placement of an Intrauterine Device.

Food[edit]

It is used for food purposes from ancient times in the regions where it grows. Usually it is ready to be consumed after cooking the prepared parts in the boiling water. The greater proportion of commercial cultivation is for algin, iodine, and mannitol, which are used in a range of industrial applications. In South Korea it is processed into a sweetmeat known as laminaria jelly, in other countries it is also used in fresh salad form, which is also canned for preservation to deliverу and selling purposes in other regions. Many countries produce and consume laminaria products, but the largest is China.[8]

Species[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Devil's Apron". Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary. C. & G. Merriam Co. 1913. 
  2. ^ "Devil's apron - Sea Vegetable". Retrieved 2009-02-06. [dead link][unreliable source?]
  3. ^ Guiry, Michael. "Kelps: Laminaria and Saccharina". Retrieved 2009-02-06. [dead link][unreliable source?]
  4. ^ C.Michael Hogan. 2011. Brown algae. eds. E.Monosson & C.J.Cleveland. Encyclopedia of Earth. National Council for Science and the Environment. Washington DC
  5. ^ T. Tori (1998). An Illustrated Atlas of the Life History of Algae. Uchida Rokakuho Publishing Co., Ltd. Tokyo. ISBN 4-7536-4057-4. [page needed]
  6. ^ M. D. Guiry & Wendy Guiry (2006-09-29). "Laminaria japonica J. E. Areschoug". AlgaeBase. 
  7. ^ Saccharina latissima (Linnaeus) J.V. Lamouroux The Seaweed Site. Retrieved 2011-09-20.
  8. ^ Culture of Kelp (Laminaria japonica) in China. FAO. June 1989. 
  9. ^ Yoneshigue-Valentin, Yocie (1990). "The life cycle of Laminaria abyssalis (Laminariales, Phaeophyta) en cultivo". Hydrobiologia. 204–205 (1): 461–466. doi:10.1007/BF00040271. 
  10. ^ M. D. Guiry (2006-03-26). "Laminaria abyssalis A. B. Joly & E. B. Oliveira". AlgaeBase. 
  11. ^ M. D. Guiry (2004-09-23). "Laminaria agardhii Kjellman". AlgaeBase. 
  12. ^ Taylor (1957). Marine Algae of Northeastern Coast of North America. Ann Arbor. ISBN 0-472-04904-6. [page needed]
  13. ^ M. D. Guiry & Olga Selivanova (2006-09-19). "Laminaria appressirhiza J. E. Petrov & V. B. Vozzhinskaya". AlgaeBase. 
  14. ^ M. D. Guiry (2006-04-24). "Laminaria brongardiana Postels & Ruprecht". AlgaeBase. 
  15. ^ a b c I. A. Abbott & G. J. Hollenberg (1976). Marine Algae of California. Stanford University Press, Stanford, California. ISBN 0-8047-0867-3. [page needed]
  16. ^ H. Stegenga, J. J. Bolton & R. J. Anderson (1997). Seaweeds of the South Africal West Coast. Bolus Herbarium Number 18, University of Cape Town. 
  17. ^ M. D. Guiry (2004-09-32). "Laminaria pallida Greville". AlgaeBase.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
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