Overview

Comprehensive Description

General Description

The body is 1.2 to 1.6mm in length, and legs are yellow, except for the mid and hind femora, which are brown. The head is strongly reticulate, and yellow, except for cheeks and the ocellar hump, which are brown. Antennal segments 1 and 2, as well as the apical portion of segments 4 and 5 are shaded with brown. Antennal segments 6 and 8 are dark brown, and segments 3 and the basal two thirds of segments 4 and 5 are yellow. The sense cones on antennal segments 3 and 4 are forked. Forewings are narrow and brown in color, with pale areas near the base and apex of the wing. Venal setae are long and dark (Wilson, 1975).  
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Distribution

Widespread through the tropical, and subtropical regions of the world (Wilson, 1975), this insect is found in greenhouses, houses and malls in Alberta (Heming).
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Physical Description

Type Information

Paratype for Hercinothrips femoralis
Catalog Number: USNM
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Entomology
Preparation: Slide
Collector(s): G. Bondar
Year Collected: 1930
Locality: Brazil; Bahia, Bahia, Brazil
  • Paratype:
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Ecology

Habitat

On plants in greenhouses, houses and malls in Alberta (Heming).
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Trophic Strategy

This species is phytophagous (Mound and Marullo, 1996) and feeds on the leaves of numerous greenhouse plants including tomato, Brassia sp., sugar beet, philodendron, Easter lily, banana, begonia and orchid (Chiasson, 1986).
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Associations

In Great Britain and/or Ireland:
Plant / resting place / on
Hercinothrips femoralis may be found on live Magnoliopsida

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Life History and Behavior

Cyclicity

Undocumented.
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Life Cycle

All life stages are occur on the host plant, including pupal stages (Wilson, 1975).  
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Hercinothrips femoralis

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 5
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Conservation

Conservation Status

Considered a pest. Less common in greenhouses due to pesticide use (Mound & Marullo, 1996).
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