The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • 2010. Beewolves protect their offspring with antibiotics; digger wasp larvae use bacteria against infections. Science Daily [Internet],
  • F. M. Carpenter. 1992. Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology, Part 4 Arthropoda 4: Superclass Hexapoda. The Geological Society America, Inc. & University of Kansas, Boulder, Colorado and Lawrence, Kansas, USA 3 and 4
  • G. C. Varley, The concept of energy flow applied to a woodland community. In: Animal Populations in Relation to Their Food Resources, A. Watson, Ed. (Blackwell Scientific, Oxford, England, 1970), pp. 389-401, from p. 389.
  • Kroiss J; Kaltenpoth M; Schneider B; Schwinger M; Hertweck C; Maddula RK; Strohm E; Svatoš A. 2010. Symbiotic streptomycetes provide antibiotic combination prophylaxis for wasp offspring. Nature Chemical Biology. 6: 261 - 263.


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