The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • 1996. database, NODC Taxonomic Code
  • 2004. pre-press, American Fisheries Society Special Publication 31
  • Ahyong, S. (2015). Squilla empusa Say, 1818. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at
  • Bauer, R. 1999. "Ray Bauer Research : Graduate Students" (On-line). Accessed April 10, 2001 at
  • Cronin, T., N. Marshall, M. Land. July-August 1994. The unique visual system of the mantis shrimp. American Scientist, v82: 356-366.
  • DBW, November 1998. "OZ REEF Marine Park: Reference Material, Mantis Shrimp" (On-line). Accessed April 18 2001 at
  • Heitler, W., K. Fraser, E. Ferrero. Jan 15 2000. Escape behaviour in the stomatopod crustacean squilla mantis, and the evolution of the caridoid escape reaction. Journal of Experimental Biology, v203: 183.
  • Hickman, C. 1973. Biology of the Invertebrates. Saint Louis: CV Mosby Company.
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
  • Nov 2 2000. "Chesapeake Bay Program- Mantis Shrimp" (On-line). Accessed March 31, 2001 at
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2015). ITIS Regional: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Dec 2014). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • San Juan, A. February 3 1998. "The Lurker's Guide to Stomatopods" (On-line). Accessed April 18, 2001 at
  • Say, T., 1818. An account of the Crustacea of the United States, part 7.— Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 1: 374-401.
  • Smith, G., W. Weldon. 1958. The Cambridge Natural History:Crustacea. New York: Hafner Publishing Co..
  • Squatriglia, C. January 4, 2001. "San Francisco Chronicle: Teeny-Tiny Predator Vicious Shrimp Gorging on Aquarium's Critters" (On-line). Accessed April 18, 2001 at


EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!