The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • 1996. database, NODC Taxonomic Code
  • Boxshall, G. 2009. "Sacculina carcini Thompson, 1836" (On-line). WoRMS - World Register of Marine Species. Accessed April 23, 2011 at
  • Day, J. 1935. The life-history of Sacculina. Quarterly Journal of Microscopical Science, s2 (77): 549-583. Accessed May 01, 2011 at
  • Foxon, G. 1940. Notes on the life history of Sacculina carcini Thompson. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 24 (1): 253-264. Accessed May 02, 2011 at
  • Glenner, H., M. Hebsgaard. 2006. Phylogeny and evolution of life history strategies of the parasitic barnacles (Crustacea, Cirripedia, Rhizocephala). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 41 (3): 528-538.
  • Glenner, H., M. Werner. 1998. Increased susceptibility of recently moulted Carcinus maenas (L.) to attack by the parasitic barnacle Sacculina carcini Thompson 1836. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 228 (1): 29-33.
  • Høeg, J., N. Murphy, C. Wittwer. 2000. Developing the options for managing marine pests: specificity trials on the parasitic castrator, Sacculina carcini, against the European crab, Carcinus maenas, and related species. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 254 (1): 37-51.
  • Jones, T. 2007. "Carcinus maenas" (On-line). Accessed March 16, 2010 at
  • Lützen, J. 1981. Field studies on regeneration in Sacculina carcini Thompson (Crustacea: Rhizocephala) in the Isefjord, Denmark. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 53 (2-3): 241-249.
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2015). ITIS Regional: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Dec 2014). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Payen, G., M. Hubert, Y. Turquier, C. Rubiliani, C. Chassard-Bouchaud. 1981. Infestations expérimentales de crabes juvéniles par la sacculine. Ultrastructure des racines parasitaires en croissance et relations avec la niasse ganglionnaire ventrale de l'hôte (Experimental infestations of young Carcinus With Sacculina carcini). Canadian Journal of Zoology, 59: 9.
  • Russell, J., G. Walker, R. Woollen. 2000. Observations on two infectious agents found within the rootlets of the parasitic barnacle, Sacculina carcini. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the UK, 80: 373-374.
  • Takahashi, T., J. Lutzen. 1998. Asexual reproduction as part of the life cycle in Sacculina polygenea (Cirripedia: Rhizocephala: Sacculinidae). Journal of Crustacean Biology, 18 (2): 321-331.
  • Zimmer, C. 2000. "Do Parasites Rule the World?" (On-line). Discover Magazine. Accessed April 23, 2011 at
  • Zimmer, C. 2000. Parasite Rex: Inside the Bizarre World of Nature's Most Dangerous Creature. New York, New York: Touchstone.
  • Zimmer, C. 2001. "Animal Parasites" (On-line). Science World. Accessed April 23, 2011 at


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