Bolitoglossa epimela — Overview

Tapanti Mushroom-tongue Salamander learn more about names for this taxon

IUCN threat status:

Data Deficient (DD)

Comprehensive Description

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The species is a small and slender salamander, dark brown or black in coloration with extensively webbed digits, rounded digit tips and defined subterminal pads. Adults are 76 - 97 mm in total length. Males are 43 mm in standard length and females are 38 - 46 mm in standard length. The head width is 14 - 15% of the standard length. Eyes are large and protuberant. Adults have 32 - 43 maxillary teeth and 19 - 24 vomerine teeth. The leg length is 23 - 26% of the standard length. In males, there is 1 costal fold between adpressed limbs, whereas in females, there are 2 - 3. The tail is 52 - 56% of the total length. It has extensive digital webbing and rounded digital tips. Less than 2 phalanges are free of web on all digits. It also has defined subterminal pads (Wake and Brame 1963).

In life, the species is mostly dark brown or black on the dorsal surfaces, with some tan, orange, pink, or white spots and blotches. The venter is dark and the coloration is nearly uniform except for some purplish to pinkish blotches (Savage 2002).

A Spanish-language species account can be found at the website of Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad (INBio).


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